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Indiana University History Department Centennial, 1994

A Guide to the Collection of Oral History Interviews at Indiana University Bloomington

Finding aid prepared by the staff of the Center for the Study of History and Memory with a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities Division of Preservation and Access, 2000-2002

Overview of the Collection

Repository
Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory
Indiana University
400 North Sunrise Drive
Weatherly Hall North, Room 122
Bloomington, IN 47405
Phone: 812/855-2856
Fax: 812/855-0002
E-mail: ohrc@indiana.edu
http://www.indiana.edu/~cshm

Creator
Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory

Title
Indiana University History Department Centennial, 1994

Project No.
ohrc045

Interviews
9 interviews. Audiotapes, transcripts, and collateral materials.

Physical Location
Interviews are housed in Weatherly Hall North, Room 122. Copies are also housed at the Indiana University Archives in Herman B Wells Library E460. For other locations housing the interviews from this project, please contact the Center for the Study of History and Memory office.

Language
Materials are in English

Abstract
In this project, retired professors from the Indiana University Department of History discusses their experiences in the profession. Topics discussed include educational and work history, the history department curriculum, development of the history department over time, prominent people in the department, publishing, teaching, and changes in the student body over time.

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains nine interviews over the course of one year. Interviews range from about 76 minutes to 286 minutes. All of the interviews consist of audio tapes and typed transcripts.

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information
Oral history interviews conducted by the Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory from 1968 to the present, with particular focus on the history of twentieth-century America and the Midwest.
Usage Restrictions
The archive of the Center for the Study of History and Memory at Indiana University is open to the use of researchers. Copies of transcript pages are available only when such copies are permitted by the deed of gift signed by the interviewee. Scholars must honor any restrictions the interviewee placed on the use of the interview. Since some of our earlier (pre-computer) transcripts do not exist in final form, any editing marks in a transcript (deletions, additions, corrections) are to be quoted as marked. Tapes may not be copied for patrons unless the deed of gift permits it, and a transcript is unavailable for that interview. The same rules of use that apply to a transcript apply to the taped interview. Interviews may not be reproduced in full for any public use, but excerpted quotes may be used as long as researchers fully cite the data in their research, including accession number, interview date, interviewee's and interviewer's name, and page(s).
Preferred Citation
[interviewee first name last name] interview, by [interviewer first name last name], [interview date(s)], [call number], [project name], Center for the Study of History and Memory, Indiana University, Bloomington, [page number(s) or tape number and side if no transcript].
Interview List

Interviewee
Baxter, Maurice April 27, 1994 

Call Number
94-008

Physical Description

29 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 76 minutes; index

Interviewer
Glenn, Elizabeth

Access Status

Open

Scope and Content Note

Maurice Baxter speaks of his time as a history professor at the Indiana University Department of History. He describes his educational background and interests in history that led to his position at IU. He talks about changes over time in the history department and in the field of history. He discusses departmental politics and people he has known through the years.

  • Keywords
    • Corporation Names
    • University of Illinois
    • Occupation Names
    • history professor
    • Personal Names
    • Lundin, C. Leonard
    • Solt, Leo F.
    • Subjects
    • 1944 GI Bill
    • American history studies
    • forced retirement
    • Indiana University hiring practices
    • narrative history
    • salary disputes
    • student activism
    • student attitudes
    • World War II

Interviewee
Byrnes, Robert F. November 4, 1994 

Call Number
94-003

Physical Description

55 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 120 minutes; index

Interviewer
Glenn, Elizabeth

Scope and Content Note

Professor Robert F. Byrnes discusses his time as a faculty member and chairperson of the Indiana University Department of History. He speaks of his educational background in English and Russian history, his teaching positions as various universities, and his time in the CIA before settling at IU. He speaks of the field of historical studies, which he feels has been hurt by super-specialization among scholars. He talks about incidents within the department, like hiring practices, promotions, and salary disputes. He speaks of developing the curriculum of the history department, made possible by the encouragement of former IU president, Herman B Wells.

Access Status

Open

  • Keywords
    • Corporation Names
    • CIA
    • Harvard University
    • history professor
    • Occupation Names
    • history department chairperson
    • Personal Names
    • Buley, Roscoe Carlyle
    • Jelavich, Barbara
    • Jelavich, Charles
    • Subjects
    • Cold War
    • history department curriculum
    • Indiana University hiring practices
    • interdisciplinary studies
    • libraries
    • narrative history
    • political history
    • Russian history studies
    • salary disputes
    • social history
    • student protests
    • subject specialization
    • world history studies

Interviewee
Carmony, Donald May 4, 1994 

Call Number
94-002

Physical Description

43 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 83 minutes; index

Interviewer
Glenn, Elizabeth

Access Status

Open

Scope and Content Note

Donald Carmony discusses his tenure the Indiana University Department of History. He outlines his educational background and work history as a professor at Indiana Central College and then as an administrator in various positions at Indiana University. He speaks of his desire to teach, which led him to seek a professorship. He talks about departmental hiring practices and salary disputes. He outlines the importance of studying history for everyone—especially local history. Finally, he discusses the history of the history department, mentions some individuals important in its development, and compares the history department of today with the department of the past.

  • Keywords
    • Corporation Names
    • Indiana Central College
    • Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne
    • Indiana University South Bend
    • Occupation Names
    • history professor
    • university administrator
    • Personal Names
    • Esarey, Logan
    • Wells, Herman B
    • Place Names
    • Shelbyville, Indiana
    • Subjects
    • Indiana history studies
    • Indiana University hiring practices
    • student protests
    • student veterans

Interviewee
Ferrell, Robert H. November 3, 1994 

Call Number
94-009

Physical Description

53 pages;3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 162 minutes; index

Interviewer
Glenn, Elizabeth

Access Status

Open

Scope and Content Note

Robert H. Ferrell discusses his tenure as a professor at the Indiana University Department of History. He describes how his experiences as a soldier in World War II made him interested in studying history. He talks about his graduate experience at Yale and his mentor, Samuel Bemis. He describes the writing of his dissertation, and other publications after that. He talks about people he knows in the history department, and contacts with other historians in the United States. He describes the importance of being a good teacher as well as a good scholar, which he feels are inseparable despite the push in universities today where scholarship and publishing are valued far above teaching skills. He speaks of the declining quality of students since the 1960s. Finally, he speaks of the reasons for his retirement.

  • Keywords
    • Corporation Names
    • Ballantine Hall
    • Bowling Green University
    • CIA
    • Michigan State University
    • Yale University
    • Occupation Names
    • history professor
    • Personal Names
    • Ballantine, Elijah
    • Bemis, Samuel Flagg
    • Bryan, William Lowe
    • Buley, Roscoe Carlyle
    • Byrnes, Robert F.
    • Castle, William R., Jr.
    • Commager, Henry Steele
    • Dulles, Foster Rhea
    • Grant, James
    • Gucker, Frank Thomson
    • Hesseltine, William Best
    • Kohlmeier, Albert Ludwig
    • Labaree, Leonard
    • Lukacs, John
    • McCullough, David
    • McMains, Howard
    • Morison, Samuel Elliot
    • Morris, Richard
    • Nevins, Allan
    • Rudin, Harry Rudolph
    • Sonneborn, Tracy
    • Tyrrell, Robert
    • Wells, Herman B
    • Winther, Oscar Osburn
    • Wilz, John E.
    • Subjects
    • American history studies
    • Foreign Relations of the United States
    • Indiana University hiring practices
    • McCarthyism
    • Pearl Harbor bombing
    • publishing
    • study habits
    • teaching
    • Vietnam War
    • Woodrow Wilson and World War II
    • World War II
    • writing styles

Interviewee
Lundin, C. Leonard April 18, 1994 

Call Number
94-005

Physical Description

55 pages; 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 136 minutes; index; article about death of interviewee; profile of interviewee written by colleague

Interviewer
Glenn, Elizabeth

Access Status

Open

Scope and Content Note

C. Leonard Lundin speaks of his tenure as a professor at the Indiana University Department of History. He speaks of his early interest in teaching history that developed in high school due to one of his teachers, Edwin Whitemarsh. He speaks of his time at Harvard University studying American history, and his eventual position at IU teaching European history. He speaks of the conservative nature of the department in the 1930s, and of the differences between students in the Midwest and from the east coast. He speaks of his experiences in World War II, and the change in attitude of the student body after the war. He speaks of the changes made in the department and university after the war, and of desegregation and student activism. He talks about the people in the department, especially a scandal involving a lecturer who plagiarized from another professor. Finally, he talks about his research in Finnish history, and publishing in the academic universe.

  • Keywords
    • Corporation Names
    • Harvard University
    • Simmons College
    • Students for a Democratic Society
    • Occupation Names
    • history professor
    • Personal Names
    • Bryan, William Lowe
    • Buley, Roscoe Carlyle
    • Esarey, Logan
    • Ferrell, Robert H.
    • Lynch, William Orlando
    • Wells, Herman B
    • Whitemarsh, Edwin
    • Place Names
    • Boston, Massachusetts
    • Finland
    • Subjects
    • American history studies
    • Communism
    • departmental scandal
    • desegregation
    • European history studies
    • Finnish history studies
    • history department curriculum
    • Indiana University hiring practices
    • McCarthyism
    • narrative history
    • publishing
    • segregation
    • social history
    • Spanish Civil War
    • student attitudes
    • Vietnam War
    • World War II

Interviewee
Neu, Irene G. April 25, 1994 

Call Number
94-007

Physical Description

53 pages; 3 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 144 minutes; index; interviewee's vita curriculum

Interviewer
Glenn, Elizabeth

Access Status

Open

Scope and Content Note

Irene G. Neu discusses her tenure as a professor at the Indiana University Department of History. She outlines her educational and work history before she obtained a position at IU. She describes her struggles to gain equal rights for women faculty and students within the history department throughout her career. She talks about the changes the department has gone through over the years.

  • Keywords
    • Corporation Names
    • Cornell University
    • Harvard University
    • Indiana University Office of Women's Affairs
    • Marietta College
    • Rockford College
    • Southeast Missouri State University
    • Occupation Names
    • history professor
    • Personal Names
    • Buley, Roscoe Carlyle
    • Gates, Paul Wallace
    • Madison, James H.
    • Vasser, Rena
    • Subjects
    • Affirmative Action
    • departmental politics
    • economic history
    • gender discrimination
    • history department curriculum
    • salary disputes
    • social history
    • student attitudes
    • Vietnam War
    • women's movement

Interviewee
Pletcher, David M. April 13, 1994 

Call Number
94-004

Physical Description

43 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 113 minutes; index

Interviewer
Glenn, Elizabeth

Access Status

Open

Scope and Content Note

Professor David M. Pletcher discusses his tenure as a history professor with the Indiana University Department of History. He speaks of his educational and family background, which led him to pursue a career in higher education. He talks about the classes he has taught over the years, and his primary interest in American history. He speaks of the department intrigues through the years over hiring practices and salaries. He also discusses departmental growth and changes.

  • Keywords
    • Corporation Names
    • University of Chicago
    • Occupation Names
    • history professor
    • Personal Names
    • Byrnes, Robert F.
    • Neu, Irene
    • Rippy, J. Fred
    • Quirk, Robert E.
    • Subjects
    • academic dishonesty
    • American history studies
    • history department curriculum
    • salary disputes
    • social history
    • subject specialization

Interviewee
Quirk, Robert E. March 28, 1994 

Call Number
94-001

Physical Description

40 pages; 2 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 105 minutes; index

Interviewer
Glenn, Elizabeth

Access Status

Open

Scope and Content Note

Professor Robert E. Quirk talks about his tenure at the Indiana University Department of History. He discusses his educational background and his interest in Latin American studies, which eventually led to a position at IU. He talks about the department's hiring practices over time, which were discriminatory in the 1950s and gradually became more liberal, especially after affirmative action. He speaks of the importance of Professor Robert F. Byrnes in the development of the department. He also discusses notable events he remembers, including student protests, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and salary disputes.

  • Keywords
    • Corporation Names
    • Harvard University
    • Wayne State University
    • Occupation Names
    • history professor
    • Personal Names
    • Byrnes, Robert F.
    • Kohlmeier, Albert Ludwig
    • Place Names
    • Bloomington, Indiana
    • Detroit, Michigan
    • Subjects
    • Cuban Missile Crisis
    • Great Depression
    • Indiana University hiring practices
    • Latin American studies
    • narrative history
    • publishing
    • salary disputes
    • student protests
    • tenure
    • World War II

Interviewee
Wilz, John Edward April 19, 1994;  April 21, 1994 

Call Number
94-006

Physical Description

82 pages; 6 tapes, 1 7/8 ips, 286 minutes; Doonesbury cartoon; letter written by interviewee to Jane Pauley

Interviewer
Glenn, Elizabeth

Access Status

Open

Scope and Content Note

John E. Wilz discusses his time as a professor at the Indiana University Department of History. He outlines his early education and collegiate experiences at the University of Kentucky. He talks about the early days at IU, where his first position was as a lecturer. He speaks of the people he knew, particularly Robert Ferrell, R. Carlyle Buley, Maurice Baxter, and Robert Byrnes. He speaks of his academic career, and his slow rate of promotion, which he attributes to his lack of publishing scholarly books, and writing a high school textbook. He speaks of the emphasis he placed on the quality of his teaching. Finally he speaks of the changes in the student body over the years, especially in the increasingly little amount of work that is being assigned to undergraduate students.

  • Keywords
    • Corporation Names
    • Lilly Endowment
    • University of Kentucky
    • Occupation Names
    • history professor
    • Personal Names
    • Baxter, Maurice G.
    • Buley, Roscoe Carlyle
    • Byrnes, Robert F.
    • Ferrell, Robert H.
    • Mooney, Chase C.
    • Nevins, Allen
    • Solt, Leo F.
    • Place Names
    • Washington, Indiana
    • Subjects
    • 1944 GI Bill
    • American history studies
    • Catholicism
    • Civil Rights Movement
    • collegiality
    • Great Depression
    • Guillain-Barré Syndrome
    • Indiana University hiring practices
    • journalism
    • Korean War
    • military history
    • publishing
    • salary disputes
    • social history
    • student attitudes