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Byrd mss., 1794-1881

Summary Information

Repository
Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
Lilly Library
Indiana University
1200 E. Seventh St.
Bloomington, IN 47405-5500
Phone: 812-855-2452
Fax: 812-855-3143
Email: liblilly@indiana.edu

Creator
Byrd, Charles Willing, 1770-1828

Title
Byrd mss.,1794-1881

Collection No.
LMC 1159

Extent
235 items

Language
Materials are in English.

Abstract
Consists of the papers of Charles Willing Byrd. A member of the prominent Virginia family of that name, Byrd became deeply interested in the Shaker movement, and one of his sons, William Silonwe Byrd, joined the Shaker community at Pleasant Hill, Kentucky. For the years 1826-1828, a considerable portion of the collection consists of letters from this son, dealing with the beliefs of the Shakers and the affairs of Pleasant Hill. The collection also includes letters to Charles Willing Byrd from members of his family, in regard to family matters. Letters from an aunt refer to the death of Washington and to conditions in Philadelphia during the War of 1812. Some light on medical practices of the day is given in letters, 1826-1828, to Byrd from his physicians, prescribing treatment for him.

Access Restrictions

This collection is open for research.

Biographical Note

The Byrd mss., 1794-1881, are papers of Charles Willing Byrd, 1770-1828, a member of the prominent Virginia family of that name. He was born in Virginia, received his academic and legal education in Philadelphia, and, in 1794, went to Kentucky to look after Robert Morris' land interests there. He was appointed Secretary of the Northwest Territory by President John Adams in 1799, and served as Acting Governor from 1802 to 1803 following the removal from office of General Arthur St. Clair. He was delegate to the convention which framed the first constitution for Ohio. Soon thereafter President Thomas Jefferson appointed him Judge of the United States District Court for Ohio, which office he held until his death in 1828.

Arrangement

Items are arranged chronological order.

Scope and Content Note

Byrd became deeply interested in the Shaker movement, and one of his sons, William Silonwe Byrd, joined the Shaker community at Pleasant Hill, Kentucky. For the years, 1826- 1828, a considerable portion of the collection consists of letters from his son, dealing with the beliefs of the Shakers and the affairs of Pleasant Hill. Included also are letters to Charles Willing Byrd from Francis Voris, principal deacon and business manager at Pleasant Hill, who was managing some business matters for Byrd. The collection also includes letters to Charles Willing Byrd from members of his family, including his mother, his brothers, and sisters, his children and other relatives in regard to family matters. Letters from an aunt, Elizabeth Powel of Philadelphia, refer to the death of Washington and to conditions in Philadelphia during the War of 1812.

Some light on medical practices of the day is given in letters, 1826-1828, to Byrd from his physicians, prescribing treatment for him. Included also are letters relating to a mail robbery, 1828, during the trial of which Byrd died. Manuscripts for the years following Charles Willing Byrd's death are principally those of one of his sons by his second marriage, Samuel Otway Byrd of Sinking Springs, Ohio. The first folder in the collection contains biographical material on Charles Willing Byrd and some of the other persons represented.

Accompanying the collection is a computer print-out of Letters from a Young Shaker: William S. Byrd at Pleasant Hill, Kentucky, edited by Stephen J. Stein.

This collection has been used in the preparation of Gerald J. Geiger's "Charles Willing Byrd." Master's thesis, Indiana University, February 1951.

Administrative Information

Acquisition Information
Acquired: 1948
Usage Restrictions
Prior arrangements are not necessary before coming to the Library, however, patrons from out of town are encouraged to communicate with the Library in advance of their visits to ascertain availability of materials.

Photocopying permitted only with permission of the Curator of Manuscripts, Lilly Library.

Preferred Citation
[Item], Byrd mss., Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.
Processing Information
Processed by staff.

Byrd mss., 1794-1881

Box 1 Biographical Information

Correspondence, 1794-1799

Correspondence, 1800-1810

Correspondence, 1811-1819

Correspondence, 1820-1825

Correspondence, 1826

Correspondence, 1827

Correspondence, 1828

Correspondence, 1829-1839

Correspondence, 1840-1881

Supplement, Letters from a Young Shaker, Stein, Stephen J. (ed.), computer printout, 1983