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Papers, 1733-1872, of Thiébault family at the Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana
Electronic finding aid encoded by Jake Baska. Updated by Craig Simpson.
Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
1200 E. Seventh St.
Bloomington, IN 47405-5500
ca. 6000 items.
Materials are in French, English, and German.
Consists of the papers of mutiple generations of the Thiébault family. The collection contains correspondence, journals, sketches, legal documents, poems, songs, drafts, military papers, autographs, and other miscellaneous objects belonging to the family.
The Thiébault Family mss. follows four generations of a Franco-British family living in 18th and 19th centuries. The first generation is represented in the papers of Dieudonné Thiébault (1733-1807). Dieudonné received a Jesuit education in Colmar, Dijon, and Épinal before continuing to study the liberal arts in Paris. After marrying Nicole–Louis de Sozzi (the daughter of eminent lawyer Louis de Sozzi) in December 1764, Dieudonné accepted a teaching position at Frederick the Great's École Militaire in Berlin. The Thiébault's remained at the court for the ensuing twenty years and Dieudonné became an intimate friend of the Emperor's. In 1785, the Thiébault's returned to Paris where Dieudonné was named Keeper of the Archives and Sous-Chef of the Bureau de la Librarie. Dieudonné was deprived of his office during the Revolution and returned to Épinal where he taught at the École Centrale. Dieudonné continued to write on literary, linguistic, and philosophic matters before dying in 1807.
Paul Charles François Adrien Henri Dieudonné was born to Dieudonné and Nicole in 1769. He received his education at the École Militaire and, after his family's return to Paris, joined a detachment of the national guard at the outbreak of the Revolution. He later joined the regular army and rose swiftly through the ranks, appointed Brigadier General in 1801 and Major General in 1808. Napoleon named Paul the Governor of Fulda in October 1806. Paul also governed Biscay and Old Castille at various times during this period. In these positions, he was the leading French military figure on the Iberian Peninsula from 1807 to 1811 and was placed in charge of the Portuguese campaign of 1807-1808. In 1811, Paul was ennobled and named a Baron de l'Empire, a title transferrable to male descendants. Although temporarily disgraced during Napoleon's Hundred Days for his indiscreet loyalty to the Emperor, Paul's good reputation persisted in the following decades as he — like his father before him — took up literary exploits and published several texts on military history and tactics.
Paul's professional success balanced a tumultuous personal life. In 1793, he and his superior officer — Étienne de Jouy — met two British sisters who were residing with their mother and step-father in the French city of Lille. Both couples married within six months of their initial meetings; De Jouy wed Isabella Walker (1733-1830) while Paul married Elizabeth "Betzy" Walker (1767-1824). The Walkers were the daughters of James Walker and Lady Mary Hamilton (1739-1816), the latter of whom was an early feminist author best known for Munster Village , a 1778 novel centered on a utopian community of women pursuing higher education. Lady Mary left Walker in the early 1790s to live with her lover, British merchant George Hamilton, in Lille.
Paul and Betzy's love during this period is reflected in their early correspondence but their relationship was under constant strain from Paul's absences due to military obligations, Betzy's continual pregnancies (in ten years of marriage, the Thiébaults had three children and two others who died shortly after birth), and her British roots. Two of Betzy's siblings served in the British military — James (1764-1831) was a successful naval officer and eventually rose to Rear Admiral while David was a captain in the army. Suspicions regarding Betzy's loyalties resulted in her imprisonment for several months in 1794. Paul met another woman, Zozette, on Bastille Day 1802. He separated from Betzy in December of that year while she was in the later stages of pregnancy with their last child. Paul and Betzy's divorce was finalized in July 1804 and Paul married Zozette later that summer. The couple had several children, one of whom — Claire (1807-1894) — was the person responsible for the publication of Paul's memoirs.
Paul and Betzy's marriage resulted in the the birth of three children who survived to adulthood: Adolphe (1797-ca.1875), Melanie Laure, and Alfred (b.1803). All are heavily represented in the manuscript collection but Adolphe is the central figure. Adolphe followed his father into the military and eventually became an instructor at various academies. However, his importance to the collection lies in his skills as a historian and his efforts to compile his family's archives. All the present collections except for the miscellaneous series were organized by Adolphe.
Adolphe's own personal life was quite the opposite of his parents'. On a trip to visit his mother in London in 1818, Adolphe met Harriet Thayer (1791-1860), the daughter of a English country gentleman named Edward Loveden. Adolphe and Harriet courted over the ensuing years before marrying in November 1822. The Thiébaults had one daughter, Henrietta Malvina, who later married an English naval officer, Valentine Otway Inglefield. The Thiébault's marriage appears to have been happy based on the materials in the manuscripts collection. They traveled extensively throughout Europe with Adolphe maintaining sketchbooks and journals of their trips. Harriet died in 1860 and Adolphe spent the following years writing her biography. Adolphe continued to compile the papers of various family members throughout the remainder of his life including those of Dieudonné, Paul, Betzy, Harriet, and his cousin Emma de Jouy (1793-1872) — the daughter of Isabella Walker and Étienne de Jouy.
The collection consists of six series. The first five are bound collections belonging to, in order, Paul Thiébault, Adolphe Thiébault, Harriet Thayer, Emma de Jouy, and unknown owners. The sixth series includes the collections which were originally bound by Adolphe but have since been disbound; although arranged by Adolphe, the papers were written by various members of the extended Thiébault clan. Each series contains a mix of various materials including personal papers, letters, journals, professional papers, ephemera, and sketches.
The collection is chiefly divided between bound and disbound materials and is organized into the following series: I. Paul Thiébault materials – bound; II. Adolphe Thiébault materials – bound; III. Harriet Thayer materials – bound. IV. Emma de Jouy – bound; V. Unknown owners – bound; VI. Disbound papers.
Photocopying permitted only with permission of the Curator of Manuscripts, Lilly Library.
Completed in 2011
A.M., 375 pages of typescript with notations in Paul Thiébault's hand.
Thiébault's own copy of his best known work, heavily revised in his own hand, and including extra leaves tipped in.
A.M., 82 pages.
A collection of Paul Thiébault's thoughts, done in calligraphic manuscript, while Thiébault was stationed in Portugal. An additional ten pages following the text include a reproduction of the title page, a special plea from the calligrapher, and the sheet music for four songs. Several cards from the calligrapher are tucked into the front cover.
A.M., 16 pages.
Folio collection of seven songs; one is credited to Paul Thiébault and two are by Étienne de Jouy. An inscription on the title page is in Paul's hand and dedicates the work "Pour ma tres chere Petite fille, Malvina." Henrietta Malvina Thiébault was not born until 1822 so this came far after the composition of the work.
A.M., 94 pages.
The first volume of Adolphe Thiébault's sketchbooks. This volume is the earliest, including illustrations from 1815. Illustrations include various acquaintances in Dijon, family members (including Emma de Jouy, François Boudonville, Claire Thiébault, Paul Thié, David Walker, Lay Mary Hamilton, Betzy Walker, and Harriet Thayer), and a great many panels from Adolphe's trip to London ca. 1817-1818 that depict urban life and population. Also included is a pencil sketch of Adolphe's first encounter with Harriet at No. 36 Curzon Street, London.
A.M.S., 110 pages.
Adolphe's second sketchbook. Most illustrations are in pencil and include landscapes of Dijon and Paris, and artist studies.
A.M.S., 54 pages.
Illustrations include twenty-four anatomical and skeletal studies, seven artist studies, and several of Paris, Calais, Dover, and London (done during Adolphe's first trip to England). Of particular interest in the London sketches is a pencil illustration of Lady Mary Hamilton's apartment at 42 Woburn Place, Russell Square.
A.M.S., 43 pages.
A collection of illustrations from Adolphe's initial trip to England and London. Included are several illustrations of St. Paul's, Westminster Abbey (exterior and interior), Covent Garden Market, and Greenwich.
A.M.S., 120 pages.
A continuation of the last sketchbook with further illustrations of London. Illustrations include Marylebone Church, Covent Garden Market, architentural drawings of various homes, scenes from Paradise Lost, Sadlers Theatre, a harlequin show, the Tower, Lambeth Palace, and Westminster Bridge.
A.M.S., 78 pages.
This sketchbook begins with maps and landscape illustrations of the route from Paris to Verdun. Following these are illustrations and architectural drawings of Buscot Park, Edward Loveden's estate. Other scenes from Berkshire and London conclude the volume.
A.M.S., 82 pages.
Another collection of English illustrations beginning in Berkshire, before proceeding to London, Versailles, coal mines between Birmingham and Wolverhampton, Worfield Church (where Adolpe and Harriet married in 1822), Oxfordshire, and Shropshire. A further series of illustrations demonstrates the perils of horsemanship.
A.M.S., 100 pages.
The early illustrations in this volume are dedicated to the Channel Islands. The illustrations then turn to several scences of Paris before ending with an exteded series of illustrations from Blois and chateux of the Loire Valley.
A.M.S., 44 pages.
A series of landscape, mechanical, and map sketches from the area around Davenport House, Shropshire. The later illustrations 1846-1847 are of Brittany. On the opening verso, Adolphe has included a quote from Freeman's Sketches in Wales: "There are few better journals than a seies of sketches, however hasty or imperfect they may be...."
A.M.S., 124 pages.
Two pages of illustrations from Dublin are then followed by an extended series from southwestern France including Bourdeaux, Pau, Lourdes, and the Pyrenees. The second half of the sketchbook includes landscapes, urban scenes, and architectural drawings from a trip to Algiers.
A.M.S., 136 pages.
The first volume of two from Adolphe's walking trip of Wales in September 1827. This volume includes an introduction, a song, a select Welsh-English dictionary, and entries and illustrations for 11-18 September.
A.M.S., 118 pages.
The second volume includes further entries and illustrations, as well as a list of hotels at which Adolphe stopped, and a map of his journies
A.M.S., 178 pages.
The first volume of Adolphe, Harriet, and Malvina's extended trip to Scotland in 1828. This volume includes the Thiébaults' trip to Edinburgh and to Abbotsford — the home of Sir Walter Scott. The volumes are composed as scrapbooks an include entries, illustrations, pasted-in pieces of newspaper, letters from friends and acquaintances, and calling cards.
A.M.S., 145 pages.
A continuation of the first volume with further illustrations, entries, letters, and calling cards. Of particular note is the piece of wood sewn on to page 43, supposedly taken from the tree that shelter Bonnie Prince Charlie after his thwarted 1745 uprising.
A.M.S., 81 pages.
A one volume description of the Adolphe and Harriet's 1856 tour of Switzerland, following their extended stay in Munich. Unlike the other travelogues, this volume has no illustrations apart from two maps inserted before and after the text.
A.M.S., 82 pages.
An arthimetic book prepared by a friend of Diuedonné's for Betzy's use in teaching young Adolphe his mathematics. In the introductory note dated September 1865, Adolphe explains that he seredipitously reacquired it in 1849 from the son of the text's author.
A.M., 62 pages.
A French translation of the Camões's epic poem Os Lusiadas by Pedro de Sousa Holstein, the Duc de Palmela. As Adolphe notes on the introductory page, this copy was given to him during his 1818 trip to London.
A.M.S., 350 pages.
A collection of five manuscript monographs written by Adolphe. 1) Reconnaissance militaire sur la rive guahce de la Marne en avant de Meaune , 1821. 2) Reconnaissance militaire de la route de Dreux à Houdon, 1822. 3) Reconnaissance de la route de Tournons à Brie–Comte–Robert , 1825. 4) Reconnaissance militaire de la route de Montargis à la Bussière , 1826. Relation de la bataille d'Ivry, donné le mercredi 14 Mars 1590 , 1827. An additional manuscript detailing Adolphe's military studies is laid in the front cover.
A.M.S., 524 pages.
Materials are in English.
Genealogical notes compiled by Adolphe during the Thiébaults' 1828 trip to Scotland regarding Betzy Walker's ancestry. The volume contains many illustrations of coats of arms and inserted notes.
A.M.S., 658 pages.
Adolphe's biography of his and Harriet's life together, written in the years following her death. The opening sections give a good background on the family histories of the Thiébaults and Thayers/Lovedens. Adolphe reproduced many letters written between he and Harriet, as well as letter from or to the couple from other members of the extended family. Additional papers and letters are occasionally tipped–in as well as several pressed flowers, newspaper clippings, wedding annoucements, death annoucenments, and other ephemera. Adolphe uses marginal notations to refer to other volumes in the collection for purposes of cross–reference.
An additional envelope contains calling cards for the Thiébaults, two packets of letters regarding the dispute between Harriet and her brother — Pryse Pryse — following Edward Loveden's death, a pencil sketch of a coat of arms, and a portrait of a woman, unidentified, but most likely Harriet given other copies in various scrapbooks.
Harriet Thayer's album with the first entry dated 1815. Contents vary greatly and include notes, poems, letters, illustrations (most notably of Harriet, Adolphe, Malvina, Paul Thiébault, Alfred Thiébault, Claire Thiébault, and Edward Loveden), two locks of Adolphe's hair, songs, wedding announcements, and newspaper clippings. The album appears to have been transfered to Malvina in January 1842 according to a dedication poem included halfway in the volume. Newspaper clippings that follow announce her wedding to Valentine Inglefield and the subsequent birth of their children.
A.M.S., 62 pages.
A collection of illustrations, done by Adolphe, of the various places Harriet lived and traveled to during her life. The illustrations are similar to those found in other volumes and include various locations in England and France. Adolphe also included floor plans of the Thiébaults' homes and several maps.
A.M.S., 88 pages.
Emma de Jouy's scrapbook, assembled by Adolphe in 1873 following her death. The earliest materials date to 1814. Materials include letters, poems, pressed flowers, invitations, certificates, and calling cards.
General treatise on the art of war, with 36 “rules”, followed by chapters on individual aspects of military conduct. In German.
Book of recipes, with note inserted at front that reads “Two books of recipes and prescriptions of my mother.” In English and French.
Recipes. Many in different hands, some with notes to identify the contributor. Some printed recipes. Many of the recipes tipped in. In English and French.
Album of envelopes with addresses which were cut down to be pasted in, includes many wax seals and an invitation to the Duke of Sussex’s funeral. Many addressed to Charles Doyle, includes an envelope and wax seal from the King of Belgium.
Book of illustrations belonging to Malvina Thiebault, includes engravings, sketches, watercolors, woodcuts, etchings, with some notes in English and French.
Includes poetry, quotations, clippings, and sketches. Note at the front reads, “Mary Louisa Stewart, from her affectionate brother, Christmas 1854 – Lausanne.”