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Fugard mss., 1918-1997

Papers, 1918-1997, of Athol Fugard at the Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana

Electronic finding aid encoded by Beth Benda.

Summary Information

Repository
Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
Indiana University
1200 E. Seventh St.
Bloomington, IN 47405-5500
Phone: 812-855-2452
Fax: 812-855-3143
Email: liblilly@indiana.edu
http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly

Creator
Fugard, Athol.

Title
Fugard mss.,1918-1997

Collection no:
LMC 2280

Extent
ca. 1200 items

Language
Materials are in English.

Abstract
Consists of journals, correspondence, memorabilia, and drafts and manuscripts of writings of Athol Fugard, 1932-

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions
This collection is open for research.
Acquisition Information
Purchase 1999.
Usage Restrictions
Prior arrangements are not necessary before coming to the Library, however, patrons from out of town are encouraged to communicate with the Library in advance of their visits to ascertain availability of materials.

Photocopying permitted only with permission of the Curator of Manuscripts, Lilly Library.

Preferred Citation
[Item], Fugard mss., Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.
Biographical Note
Athol Fugard was born June 11, 1932 in Middelburg, Cape Province, South Africa. He began writing in 1950, at first short stories and a novel that he subsequently destroyed, and then as a journalist. Fugard attended institutions in South Africa that include Port Elizabeth Technical College from 1946-1950 and the University of Cape Town from 1950-1953. He left the university in 1953, however, to join the crew of a British tramp steamer from Sudan and completed a round-the-world voyage in 1954. He wrote freelance articles in Port Elizabeth, South Africa for the Evening Post, and was a reporter for the South African Broadcasting Corporation in Port Elizabeth and Cape Town from 1955-1957. In 1956 he married South African actress Sheila Meiring and developed an interest in writing plays. Together they founded the Circle Players, a theatre workshop, in Cape Town and the performance of his first play, Klaas and The Devil, which is unpublished, took place there also in 1956. Between 1958-1989 many of his plays were performed by various theatrical organizations that he co-founded, including New Africa Group, Serpent Players, Ijingle Company in London, and the Space Experimental Theatre in Cape Town. His plays have been performed internationally from Cape Town, South Africa, to London, New York, Los Angeles, and Brazil. Most have been published and a few have been adapted for BBC Television and for film. His works often illustrate the political and social dilemmas of living under the apartheid system in South Africa. Theater took on new direction through Fugard as he directed, acted, wrote, and composed plays with the actors who performed in them.

Scope and Content Note

Consists of journals, correspondence, memorabilia, and drafts and manuscripts of writings of Athol Fugard, 1932-

Correspondents in the collection include: Lindsay Gordon Anderson, Geraldine Aron, Mary Benson, Sidney Bernstein, John Berry, Anthony Charles Fleischer, Athol Fugard, Sheila Fugard, Margie Goldsmith, Nadine Gordimer, Alan Bede Griffiths, Ben Kingsley, Leon Major, Edris Makward, Robin Midgley, Yvonne Mitchell, Zakes Mokae, John Nassivera, Maurice Podbrey, Irving Schneider, Paul Scofield, Leslie James Seth-Smith, Maria Tucci, Dennis Walder, Gerald Clifford Weales, and Liza Williams.

The writings represented by notes, drafts, outlines, or occasionally final scripts are: Blood Knot; Boesman and Lena; The Captain's Tiger; The Coat; Cousins, A Memoir; Dialogue With a Madonna; Dimetos; Drivers; The Drummer; The Guest: An Episode in the Life of Eugene Nielen Marais; Hello and Goodbye; The Island; A Lesson From Aloes; Marigolds in August; Master Harold...and the Boys; Mille Miglia; My Children! My Africa!; My Life; Nongogo; The Occupation; Orestes; People Are Living There; A Place with the Pigs; Playland; The Road to Mecca; Sizwe Banzi is Dead; Statements After an Arrest Under the Immorality Act; Tsotsi (a novel); Valley Song; and short stories "Father is a Thorn Tree," "Night-Call," "Pavane to a Dead Princess," and "The Two Friends."

Arrangement/Organization

Organized into the following series: I. Correspondence and memorabilia (1918-1997); II. Journals, diaries and notebooks (1960-1997); III. Writings, including notes, drafts, and final scripts arranged alphabeticallly by title, as well as some unpublished short stories, and an article written for the New York Times on theatre in Africa.

  • Indexing Terms

  • The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in IUCAT, the IU Libraries' online catalog. Materials about related topics, persons or places can be found by searching the catalog using these terms.

    • Names
    • Fugard, Athol--Diaries.
    • Fugard, Athol--Correspondence.
    • Anderson, Lindsay, 1923-
    • Aron, Geraldine, 1941-
    • Benson, Mary.
    • Bernstein, Sidney, 1899-
    • Hofmeyer, Hans.
    • Fugard, Sheila.
    • Gordimer, Nadine.
    • Griffiths, Bede, 1906-
    • Kingsley, Ben.
    • Makward, Edris
    • Mitchell, Yvonne.
    • Mokae, Zakes.
    • Weales, Gerald Clifford, 1925-
    • Nassivera, John.
    • Scofield, Paul, 1922-
    • Tucci, Maria.
    • Walder, Dennis.
    • Topics
    • Plays.
    • Dramatists, South African--20th century--Correspondence.
    • Television scripts.
    • Motion picture plays.
    • South Africa--Drama.

Series: Correspondence and Memorabilia, 1918-1997 

Box 1
Folder 1

Correspondence, 1953  1963-1965 

Box 1
Folder 2

Correspondence, 1966-1979 

Box 1
Folder 3

Correspondence, 1980-1997,  and undated 

Box 1
Folder 4

Benson, Mary. 1964-1966 

Twelve letters from Mary Benson, political activist, author; biographer of Nelson Mandela


Box 1
Folder 5

Berry, John, et al. 1963-1970. 

Includes nine letters from the American director and collaborator John Berry, Circle in the Square Theatre, and eleven letters from Margie Goldsmith, close friend of Berry and the costume designer for Boesman and Lena, all concerning the production of Fugard’s plays, 1960s. Also 12 pages of typed notes for Boesman and Lena, May 9, 1970.


Box 1
Folder 6

[John Berry] News clippings, May-June 1970, 

Sent to Fugard, mostly regarding the production of Boesman and Lena, also about Fugard’s passport problems, etc.


Box 1
Folder 7

British Broadcasting Corp./South African Broadcasting Corp., 1967-1976. 

Includes Robin Midgley and Leslie James Seth-Smith, et al.


Box 1
Folder 8

Fugard, Athol. 1953-1954. 

Seven letters to his mother or parents.


Box 1
Folder 9

Fugard, Sheila. 1963-1964. 

Four letters from Fugard's wife to him in New York after he was deported from Zambia; one from her, 1970, to Athol Fugard’s mother.


Box 1
Folder 10

Gordimer, Nadine. 1961,   1964. 

Two letters


Box 1
Folder 11

Mokae, Zakes. 1962-1971. 

Six letters from longtime friend and lead actor in many of Fugard’s plays.


Box 1
Folder 12

Schneider, Irving. 1964-1965,   1967. 

Twenty-four letters from Irving Schneider, the producer of People are Living There, regarding the script and production. Also a five page letter from Lindsay Anderson, June 23, 1965, enclosing six pages of "Notes on Specific Points in the Script."


Box 1
Folder 13

“Letters from black actors in my Port Elizabeth theatre group who were sentenced various periods of imprisonment on Robben Island.” 1965-1967 

Box 1
Folder 14

Documents related to Council scholarship for Fugard, 1945 

Box 1
Folder 15

Documents related to The Serpent Players, 1965 

Box 1
Folder 16

Documents related to withdrawal of Athol Fugard’s passport, 1967-1968 

Box 1
Folder 17

“Receipt from Security Police for material taken from my house after Police Raid.” Oct. 24, 1971 

Box 1
Folder 18

Personal and family related memorabilia, 1918-1970. 

Includes notes, receipts, bills, sister’s wedding announcement, etc.


Box 1
Folder 19

Memorabilia, printed

Series: Journals, Diaries, Notebooks, 1960-1997 

Box 1
Folder 20-39

1960-1982 

(17 volumes)


Box 2
Folder 1-27

1982-1997 

(23 volumes)


Series: Writings

Subseries: The Blood Knot

First production: Rehearsal Room of the African Music and Drama Association, Dorkay House, Johannesburg, Sept. 1961

Published: Cape Town: Simondium, 1963


Box 2
Folder 28

Notes,

5p.


Box 2
Folder 29

Typescript, heavily corrected,

101p.


Box 2
Folder 30

Correspondence and clippings re: Brazilian production,

19p.


Box 2
Folder 31

Review of the play – news clipping

Box 2
Folder 32

BBC rehearsal script,

102p.


Box 2
Folder 33

BBC camera script,

91p.


Subseries: Boesman and Lena

(see also: Journals,... 1973-1976)

First production: Rhodes University Theatre, 10 July 1969

Published: Cape Town: Buren, 1969


Box 3
Folder 1

Typescript and holograph script,

62p.


Subseries: The Captain's Tiger

Published: New York: Theatre Communications Group, 1999


Box 3
Folder 2

Notebook, holograph,

41p.

[“Notes for The Captain’s Tiger made during the Australian tour of Valley Song.”]


Box 3
Folder 3

First draft script, holograph,

77p.


Box 3
Folder 4

Second draft, typescript with holograph insertions and corrections,

105p.


Box 3
Folder 5

Third and final draft, typescript,

103p.


Subseries: The Coat: A theatre exercise from Serpent Players, New Brighton

First production: privately, Port Elizabeth, Oct. 1967

Published: Cape Town: A.A. Balkema, 1971


Box 3
Folder 6

Typescript, heavily corrected,

26p.


Subseries: Cousins, A Memoir

Published: New York: Theatre Communications Group, 1994


Box 3
Folder 7

Typescript, first draft, with numerous holograph changes and insertions,

118p.


Subseries: Dialogue With a Madonna

Early, unpublished play


Box 3
Folder 8

Typescript, heavily corrected and with holograph insertions and additions,

82p.


Subseries: Dimetos

First public performance: Church Hill Theatre, Edinburgh, 27 Aug. 1975

Published in Dimetos and Two Early Plays. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977.


Box 3
Folder 9

Holograph notes in notebook and holograph insertions,

7p.; 6p.


Box 3
Folder 10

Script, with holograph insertions and changes,

[85]p.


Box 3
Folder 11

Printed theatre program - Nottingham Playhouse – starring Paul Scofield

Oversize 1 [Dimetos].

Holograph, written in a 12x16½" "drawing book," 7p.


Subseries: Drivers

(see also: Mille Miglia)

Stage adaptation of Fugard’s Mille Miglia, by David Muir

Production: Outer Space, Cape Town, 18 July 1973


Box 3
Folder 12

Carbon typescript,

36p. [lacking p.32-35]


Subseries: The Drummer

First production: Actors’ Theatre, Louisville, Kentucky, March 1980

Published: in My Children! My Africa! and Selected Shorter Plays. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press, 1990.


Box 3
Folder 13

Typescript,

[5]p.


Subseries: The Guest: An Episode in the Life of Eugene Nielen Marais

Premiered: on BBC-2 TV, as a 'Film International,' 5 March 1977

Published: Johannesburg: Donker, 1977


Box 3
Folder 14

Typescript with holograph corrections, revisions, and insertions,

[104]p.


Subseries: Hello and Goodbye

First production: Library Theatre, Johannesburg, 29 Oct. 1965

Published: Cape Town: Balkema, 1971; New York: Samuel French, 1971


Box 3
Folder 15

Holograph [draft],

62p.


Box 3
Folder 16

Holograph, [later version],

62p.


Box 3
Folder 17

"Production copy," typescript with holograph corrections and insertions,

52p.


Subseries: [The Island]

First production: The Space Theatre, Cape Town, 2 July 1973

Published: in Statements: Three Plays. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1974


Box 3
Folder 18

Notes and drafts, holograph; typescript of Act Two.

43p.


Subseries: A Lesson From Aloes

First production: Market Theatre, Johannesburg, 30 Nov. 1978

Published: Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1981


Box 3
Folder 19

“Notes. 25/1/72” in bound volume,

26p.


Box 3
Folder 20

...“First draft of Aloes at the Market Theatre Jhb. November 1978 (typed pages). Pencilled corrections and additions – rewriting in March-May of 1979,”

[100]p.


Box 3
Folder 21

“(Market script) from their archives.” Photocopy of typescript,

63p.


Box 3
Folder 22

“Final and Definitive version of the text as staged at the National Theatre (London) in July 1980.” Typescript with holograph changes and insertions,

[76]p.


Box 3
Folder 23

Miscellaneous relating to Aloes, Dec. 1978-Jan. 1979, 

2 letters, two poems and one news clipping [review]


Subseries: Marigolds in August

Premiered: at the Johannesburg Film Festival, 21 Apr. 1980

Published: Johannesburg: Donker, 1982


Box 3
Folder 24

“Synopsis” Typescript with holograph corrections,

10p.


Box 3
Folder 25

A Synopsis of a Proposed New Devenish - Fugard Film for Television.”

Photocopy of holograph, 10p. and typescript, 6p.


Box 3
Folder 26

...“Screenplay....” Typescript with paste-ins and holograph changes,

[60]p.


Box 3
Folder 27

Mimeo script with numerous typed and holograph insertions and changes,

[113]p.


Box 3
Folder 28

Mimeograph script, [iii],

39p.


Box 3
Folder 29

“Post production dialogue script,” mimeograph,

[38]p.


Subseries: Master Harold...and the Boys

(see also: Journals,... 1979, Feb.)

First production: Yale Repertory Theatre, 12 March 1982

Published: New York: Knopf, 1982


Box 3
Folder 30

Notebook: “Master Harold New Haven” Holograph,

15p. (photograph [of cast?] laid-in)


Box 3
Folder 31

“... for Sam” Holograph draft,

46p.


Box 3
Folder 32

“...a personal memoir for Sam” Holograph [later draft],

56p.


Box 3
Folder 33

“...For Sam and H.D.F.” Typescript with holograph corrections and changes,

58p.


Box 3
Folder 34

Master Harold...and the Boys. New York: Knopf, 1982. 

Marked galleys


Subseries: Mille Miglia

(see also: Drivers)

First production: A play for television, 5 Aug. 1968

Published: in My Children! My Africa! and Selected Shorter Plays. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press, 1990


Box 4
Folder 1

Notes, holograph, in “examination book,”

[7]p.


Box 4
Folder 2

Incomplete draft of script, typescript with holograph insertions and corrections,

[39]p.


Box 4
Folder 3

Carbon typescript, with scene number changes,

[47]p.


Box 4
Folder 4

Holograph insertions for typescript,

[23]p.


Box 4
Folder 5

Retyped pages and scenes,

[32]p.


Box 4
Folder 6

Holograph script,

62p.


Box 4
Folder 7

“Theatre 625” “Mille Miglia” Photocopy of television script in recording order,

89p.


Subseries: My Children! My Africa!

First production: Market Theatre, Johannesburg, 27 June 1989

Published: London: Faber and Faber, 1990


Box 4
Folder 8

Typescript with holograph insertions and changes,

88 [i.e.100]p.


Subseries: My Life

Published: My Life; and Valley Song. Johannesburg: Hodder & Stoughton and Witwatersrand University Press, 1996


Box 4
Folder 9

Notes by Rebecca Waddell re: development of My Life, Typescript (fax),

9p.


Box 4
Folder 10

Typescript,

30p.


Subseries: Nongogo

First production: Trades Hall, Johannesburg, 8 June 1959

Published in Dimetos and Two Early Plays. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977


Box 4
Folder 11

“First typed [carbon] copy...--Johannesburg, 1959.”

62p.


Subseries: The Occupation

Published: in Contrast 8. Cape Town, Apr. 1964


Box 4
Folder 12

...“A script for the camera.”

Typescript with holograph corrections and insertions, 36p., accompanied by letter from editor of Contrast to Fugard, 3-3-64, 2p.


Subseries: Orestes

(see also: Oversize)

First production: Castlemarine Auditorium, Cape Town, 21 March 1971

Published: Theatre One: New South African Drama. Johannesburg: Donker, 1973


Box 4
Folder 13

Script: “Text” Holograph,

[10]p.


Box 4
Folder 14

Script, holograph (pencil),

[19]p.


Box 4
Folder 15

Letter from Fugard to Bruce Davidson. Typed (carbon),

10p.


Box 4
Folder 16

"Orestes An experiment in theatre as described in a letter to Bruce Davidson, the American photographer,"

Typed carbon with holograph corrections, 12p., and typescript with title change: "Orestes An experiment in theatre as described in a letter to an American friend," June 1973, 1p.


Oversize 2 Orestes.

Holograph, written in three 12x16½" drawing pads, with insertions, ca. 50p., including some inserts. Written on drawing pad covers: 1. "Dec. 1970 - Feb. 71"; 2. "Cape Town final"; 3. "[JHB]"


Subseries: People are Living There

First production: Close Theatre, Glasgow, 13 March 1968

Published: Cape Town: Buren, 1969.


Box 4
Folder 17

Holograph notes, in “Reporter’s Spiral Note Book”

[16]p.


Box 4
Folder 18

Typescript with holograph insertions and corrections,

[114]p.


Subseries: A Place with the Pigs

First production: Yale Repertory Theatre, 24 March 1987

Published: London: Faber and Faber, 1988


Box 4
Folder 19

First draft, holograph,

[35]p.


Box 4
Folder 20

Second draft, holograph,

63p.


Box 4
Folder 21

Third draft, typescript with holograph insertions and corrections,

[64]p.


Subseries: Playland

First production: Cape Town, South Africa, 1992

Published: London: Faber and Faber, 1992


Box 4
Folder 22

First Outline, holograph, [42]p.

Box 4
Folder 23

First draft, holograph, [55]p. Accompanied by T.L.S. (fax), Kenny Leon to AF, May 14, 1992. 1p.

Box 4
Folder 24

Second draft, typescript (word processed) and holograph, [51]p.

Box 4
Folder 25

Third draft, typescript (word processed) with holograph insertions and corrections, [59]p.

Box 4
Folder 26

Final draft, typescript (word processed), with holograph corrections and changes, [63]p.

Subseries: The Road to Mecca

First production: Yale Repertory Theatre, 1 May 1984

Published: London: Faber and Faber, 1985


Box 4
Folder 27

Typescript (photocopy) of Yale Repertory Theatre/Yale School of Drama script, [ii]

123p.


Subseries: Sizwe Banzi is Dead

First production: The Space Theatre, Cape Town, 8 Oct. 1972

Published: in Statements: Three Plays. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1974


Box 4
Folder 28

Notes and draft script, holograph and typescript

[66]p.


Subseries: Statements After an Arrest Under the Immorality Act

First performance: The Space Theatre, Cape Town, 28 March 1972

Published: Statements: Three Plays. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1974


Box 4
Folder 29

Typescript, draft with holograph insertions and changes,

[62]p.


Box 4
Folder 30

"...script for the 1st London production...."

Typescript (photocopy), [56]p.


Box 4
Folder 31

"Rehearsal log for the London Premier...."

Holograph, [44]p.


Subseries: Tsotsi

(novel)

Published: Johannesburg: Donker, 1980


Box 4
Folder 32

“earlier draft....” [incomplete],

holograph, [76]p.


Box 4
Folder 33

Notes and later draft,

holograph, [155]p.


Subseries: Valley Song

Productions: Market Theatre, Johannesburg, South Africa, and McCarter Theater, Princeton, New Jersey, 1995

Published: My Life; and Valley Song. Johannesburg: Hodder & Stoughton and Witwatersrand University Press, 1996


Box 4
Folder 34

First version, 1st draft,

holograph, [84]p.


Box 4
Folder 35

First version, Act One, 2nd draft,

typescript with holograph insertions and changes, [57]p.


Box 4
Folder 36

First version, Act Two, 2nd draft,

typescript with holgraph corrections, [44]p.


Box 4
Folder 37

Second version, 1st draft,

typescript/holograph, [71]p.


Box 4
Folder 38

Second version, 2nd draft,

typescript with holograph insertions and changes, [70]p.


Box 4
Folder 39

Second version, 3rd draft,

typescript with holograph changes and insertions, [76]p.


Box 4
Folder 40

Second version, 4th and final draft,

typescript (word processed), with holograph corrections, [76]p.


Subseries: Miscellaneous

Box 4
Folder 41

Notes for plays[?]: "The Silkworms;" "The Fordsburg Native Comm. Court"; etc.

Holograph and typescript, [20]p.


Short stories and writing fragments, ca. early 1960s  

all unpublished


Box 4
Folder 42

Father is a Thorn Tree.

Four holograph drafts: 10p., 2p., 2p., 2p.


Box 4
Folder 43

Night-Call.

Two typescript drafts: 25p. and 21p.


Box 4
Folder 44

Pavane to a Dead Princess.

Typescript (title in pencil), 16p.


Box 4
Folder 45

The Roots of Matter.

Holograph draft, 2p.; [storyline], holograph, 1p.


Box 4
Folder 46

The Two Friends.

Typescript (title in pencil), 9p.; holograph notes, 1p.


Box 4
Folder 47

"He died at [t]wo o'clock in the morning, or at least...." [1st line].

Typescript fragments, [7p.]


New York Times article by Fugard

Box 4
Folder 48

Typescript with holograph changes and corrections,

6p.

[possibly "African Stages: South Africa is Likely to Offer Most Valuable Contribution to Theatre" New York Times, 20 September 1964]


Lecture by Fugard: "Some Problems of a Playwright from South Africa." Delivered at NYU, Oct. 16, 1990. 

Box 4
Folder 49

Draft transcript of speech, T.D., 12p.; Edited transcript, T.D.,

10p.


[Review of a play by George Pemba. Reviewer unknown, undated].

Box 4
Folder 50

Carbon typescript,

4p.