Carl H. Eigenmann papers, 1884-1925
A Guide to his Papers at the Indiana University Archives
Finding aid prepared by Dina M. Kellams
Indiana University Office of University Archives and Records Management
1320 East Tenth Street
Herman B Wells Library E460
Bloomington, Indiana 47405-7000
Phone: (812) 855-1127
Eigenmann, Carl H., 1863-1927.
2.4 cu. ft.
Materials are in English unless otherwise
Carl H. Eigenmann papers, 1884-1925
Indiana University alumnus, professor and
administrator. A well-known ichthyologist, Carl H. Eigenmann earned his BS, MA and PhD
at Indiana University. Eigenmann taught in the Dept. of Zoology for over 40 years,
served as Dean of the Graduate School when it was first established in 1908 until his
death, and was founder and director of the Indiana University Biological Station in
northern Indiana. Collection consists of personal papers, correspondence, and writings
of Eigenmann in six series.
Collection is open for research. Advance notice is required.
Born in 1863 in Flehingen, Germany, Carl H. Eigenmann came to Indiana when he was 14
years old. Two years later, he entered Indiana University with the intent of studying
law. However, in his second year at IU, sophomores were allowed to choose between Latin
and biology for a year's work. Eigenmann chose biology. Studying under the newly
appointed professor, Dr. David Starr Jordan, a well-known ichthyologist, Eigenmann found
a passion for Zoology. Eigenmann went on to receive his Bachelor's of Science in 1886,
his AM in 1887 and his PhD in 1889, all at Indiana University. Eigenmann remained at
Indiana throughout his career, first holding a position as Instructor in Zoology,
1886-1887, Professor, 1891- 1927, first Dean of the newly created Graduate School,
1908-1927, and finally as Founder and Director of the Biological Station in Northern
Eigenmann became well-known very early on in his work as an ichthyologist. He became
most famous for his valuable contributions on South American fishes and his discovery
and work on blind fishes. In 1909 he was asked to be Curator of Fishes at the Carnegie
Museum after meeting the Director of the Museum, W. J. Holland, on a train. He held this
position from Indiana for 9 years, traveling to Pittsburgh during vacations.
In July 1887 Prof. Eigenmann met Rosa Smith, a fellow ichthyologist with whom he had
been corresponding, in San Diego. They married less than a month later. Throughout their
lives, they coauthored numerous articles under "Eigenmann and Eigenmann."
Dr. Eigenmann died in San Diego 24 April, 1927.
Personal papers of Carl H. Eigenmann organized in six series: Correspondence,
Publications, Board of Trustees, Biological Station, Carnegie Museum and Research.
Scope and Content Note
Consists of the personal papers of Carl H. Eigenmann in six series: Correspondence,
Publications, Board of Trustees, Biological Station, Carnegie Museum, and Research.
The Correspondence series, 1884-1920 consists of Eigenmann's incoming and outgoing
correspondence. While most files hold only one or two pieces of correspondence, more
frequent correspondents include Indiana University President David Starr Jordan and
Registrar John W. Cravens.
Eigenmann was a frequent contributor to scholarly journals, eventually writing more than
200 articles on Zoology. Although not complete, the Publications series, 1887-1925, is
made up of reprints of a number journal articles written by Eigenmann.
The Board of Trustees series, 1891-1913, consists of reports on the Dept. of Zoology and
the Biological Station submitted to the Board by Eigenmann. Two folders, both undated,
holds fragments of numerous reports.
The Biological Station series is further organized in two subseries, Correspondence and
Teaching and administrative. The Correspondence series holds correspondence about the
Biological station, primarily with potential students at the Lake, but also
correspondence on Eigenmann's arrest by the deputy fish commissioner at Winona Lake for
using fish seines (see correspondence with Z. T. Sweeney and C. E. DeBoos). Included in
the Teaching and administrative series are student research, notes, enrollment lists,
and receipts and bills for the Station.
The Carnegie Museum series is further organized into two subseries, Annual reports and
Correspondence. The series, however, consists primarily of correspondence having to do
with Eigenmann's position as fish curator at the Carnegie Museum, a Department of the
Carnegie Institute. The most frequent correspondence was carried on with the Director of
the Institute, W. J. Holland.
The Research series, 1886-1924, is organized in three subseries: Catalogues and
notebooks, Correspondence, and "Eigenmann relics." The series primarily consists of
notebooks, catalogues, and notes made by Eigenmann. The "relics" subseries includes
items collected by Eigenmann, including pine cones, sea shells and the like.
The following terms have been used to index the description of this collection in
IUCAT, the IU Libraries' online
catalog. Materials about related topics, persons or places can be found by searching the
catalog using these terms.
University. Biological Station --Records and correspondence.
University. Biological Station --Archives.
University. Biological Station --History --19th century --Sources.
University. Biological Station --History --20th century --Sources.
University. Dept. of Zoology --Records and correspondence.
University. Dept. of Zoology --Archives.
University. Dept. of Zoology --History --19th century --Sources.
University. Dept. of Zoology --History --20th century --Sources.
--Records and correspondence.
Indiana University. Biological
Indiana University. Dept. of
H., 1863-1927 --Correspondence.
H., 1863-1927 --Archives.
Holland, W. J.
(William Jacob), 1848-1932 --Correspondence.
Sweeney, Z. T.
(Zachary Taylor), 1849-1926 --Correspondence.
DeBoos, C. E.
Lowe, 1860-1955 --Correspondence.
Starr, 1851-1931 --Correspondence.
Holland, W. J. (William Jacob),
1848-1932. Correspondence. Selections.
Sweeney, Z. T. (Zachary Taylor),
1849-1926. Correspondence. Selections.
DeBoos, C. E. Correspondence.
Copyright interests for this collection have not been transferred to the Trustees of
Indiana University. For more information, contact the Indiana University Archivist.
[item], Carl H. Eigenmann papers, Collection C63, Office of University Archives and Records Management, Indiana University,
Processed by Dina M. Kellams
Completed in 2000
Bouisseau, F. P. 1904
Bean, Barton A. 1905
Bean, Tarleton H. 1902
Bryan, William Lowe 1913-1915
Bugo, E. 1902
Bumpus, H. C. 1905
Cravens, John W. 1902-1903,
Davenport, Charles B. 1894,
Dean, Bashford 1917
Drunis(?), D. W. 1901
Edmondson, Charles E. 1902-1903,
Evermann, Barton W. 1898
Forbes, S. A. 1902
"Miss Goodbody" 1898
Haseman, J. D. undated
Henry, Charles L. 1898
Henshaw, Samuel 1906,
Jenkinson, Isaac 1898
Jordan, David Starr 1884-1917
Kelly Foundry & Machine Co. 1898
Kennedy, Clarence H. 1917
McGammon, Carl undated
Nichols, John Treadwell 1917-1918
Nutting, C. C. 1902
Petruukeviter, Alexander 1906
Reighard, Jacob 1902
Riley, William A. 1897
Royse, L. W. undated
Shafer, John D. 1918
"Miss Smith" 1914
Smith, U. H. 1919
Tarkington, Booth 1920
Vandegrift, M. R. 1903
Ward, Henry B. 1902
Zeleny, Charles 1909
Description of a New Species of Ophichthys (Ophichthys
Retropinnis), from Pensacola, Fla.
Notes on the Specific Names of Certain North American
A Review of the North American Species of the Genera
Lagodon, Archosargus, and Diplodus
Additions to the Fauna of San Diego, with Notes on Some
Description of a New Species of Cyprinodon
The Fishes of Cortez Banks
A Catalogue of the Fresh-Water Fishes in South
On the Genesis of the Chromatophores in Fishes
On the Precocious Segregation of the Sex Cells in
Micrometrus Aggregatus, Gibbons
The Fishes of San Diego
On the Occurence of the Spiny Boxfish (Genus
Chilomycterus) on the Coast of California
Catalogue of the Fresh-Water Fishes of Central America
and Southern Mexico
The Fishes of Indiana
Leuciscus Balteatus (Richardson), a Study in
Names and Locations of Indiana Streams
On the Viviparous Fishes of the Pacific Coast of North
Results of Explorations in Western Canada and the
A Revision of the American Cichlidae
A Revision of the Fishes of the Subfamily Sebastinae of
the Pacific Coast of America
The Origin of Cave Faunas," "The Amblyopsidae and Eyes
of Blind Fishes," and "A New Blind Fish
The Indiana University Biological Station
Plans for the New Building of the Biological
Exploration in the Caves of Missouri and
The Eyes of the Blind Vertebrates of North
The Egg and Development of the Conger Eel
Investigations into the History of the Young
The Leptocephalus of the American Eel and Other American
Unilateral Coloration with a Bilateral Effect
The Eyes of Rhineura Floridana
The History of the Eye of Amblyopsis
The History of the Eye of Amblyopsis
The Eye of Rhineura Floridanaand
The Physical Basis of Heredity
The Solution of the Eel Question
The Eyes of the Blind Vertebrates of North America: The
History of the Eye of the Blind Fish Amblyopsis from its Appearance to its
Distinction in Old Age
The Fresh-Water Fishes of Western Cuba
On a Collection of Fishes from Paraguay
The Water Supply of Havana, Cuba
The Fresh-Water Fishes of South and Middle
An Account of Amazon River Fishes Collected by J. B.
Steere; with a Note on Pimelodus Clarias
An Annotated List of Characin Fishes in the United
States National Museum and the Museum of Indiana University, with
Descriptions of New Species
Fowler's 'Heterognathous Fishes' with a Note on the
On a Collection of Fishes from Buenos Aires
The Poeciliid Fishes of Rio Grande do Sul and the La
The Origin of the Fish-Fauna of the Fresh Waters of
South America; the Cuban Blind Fishes
Description of a New Species of Pygidium
New Characins in the Collection of the Carnegie
On Two New Species of Fishes Collected by Miss Lola
Vance in Peru
The Serrasalminae and Mylinae
Description of a New Sphagebranchus from the
Description of a New Species of Characid Fishes
New and Rare Fishes from South American Rivers
On Apareiodon, a New Genus of Characid Fishes
On the Species of Salminus
Descriptions of Sixteen New Species of
Eighteen New Species of Fishes from Northwestern South
The Homes of Blind Fishes
The Irwin Expedition
Trogloglanis Pattersoni a new Blind Fish from San
The Irwin Expedition to Peru, Bolivia, and Chili
A Leaf Mimicking Fish
On a New Genus and Two New Species of Pygidiidae, a
Family of South American Nematognaths
Yellow Fever and Fishes
The Andes of Northern Peru
Yellow Fever and Fishes
Yellow Fever and Fishes in Columbia
A Review of the Doradidae, a Family of South American
Nematognathi, or Catfishes
Board of Trustees, 1891-1913
Biological Station, 1901-1909
Banta, A. M. 1903
Boyer, G. M. undated
Bingham, James (?) 1907
Bryan, William Lowe 1903
Caldwell, Otis W. 1903
Coons, Charles S. 1904
Crumbaugh, Naomi 1907
Cue, Carl L. 1908
Dairupon(?), Charles B. 1903
Dellinger, O. P. 1903
Dickey, S. C. 1903
DeBoos, C. E. 1901-1902
Frazee, Oren E. 1908
Gooding, L. L. 1908
Hague, Stella M. 1908
Harman, Mary T. 1907
Mahaffey, Arthur M. 1903
McIndoo, N. E. 1903
Miller, D. O. 1904
Miller, Livy M. 1908
Mutchler, Fred 1903
Moenkhaus, William J. 1903
Needham, James G. 1903-1904
Payne, Fred 1903
Pike(?), F. H. 1903
Royse, L. W. 1901
Rutledge, Lois Ann 1908
Scott, Will 1903,
Semback, Lydia A. 1908
Smith, U. H. 1903-1904
Sweeney, Z. T. 1901-1902,
Taylor, William L. 1901
Thayer, Edna Russell 1907
Trauseau, E. A. undated
Vance, Lola 1908
Waggoner, Alvin 1903-1904
Zeleny, Charles 1903,
Correspondence re funds for fieldwork at other Universities and
Ohio State University, Herbert Osborn 1902,
University of Missouri, George Lefevre 1902
Geological and National History Survey, E. A. Birge 1902
Teaching and Administrative, 1895-1909
Student Research undated
Dillon, Sidney O. 1906
Turner, E. A.
"Bivalves of Winona Lake" 1901
Notes from the Biological Station 1895-1899
Notes, fragments of reports, etc. 1898-1903
Receipts and bills 1901-1909,
List of Students at Biological Station 1902-1903,
Journal of field notes (student entries) 1905-1909
"Life Histories Course at the M.B.L. (Marine Biological Laboratory)"
"Lake Studies" Report and draft undated
Carnegie Museum, 1903-1922
"Carnegie Museum" 1912-1920
Driver, Charles S. 1917
Henn, Arthur 1920
Holland, W. J. 1903-1914
McCalmont, John E. 1922
Stephenson, Henry Thew 1917
Stewart, Douglas 1914-1918,
Todd, W. E. Clyde 1912,
Notes and Catalogues, 1886-1924
Catalog of Mammals 1886-1907
Notes from the San Diego Biological Laboratory: The Fishes of Cortez
Roll Book. Field Notes on Animals 1905-n.d.
South American Research 1924
Catalogue of Birds in Indiana University (also: Catalogue of
Mammals, Catalogue of Shells) undated
Holograph manuscript; discusses Pseudoflatystoma fasciatism
Holograph manuscript; discusses search for blind fish in Indiana
Notes on Butterfishes undated
Map of South America undated
Subseries: Correspondence, 1899-1916
Minot, Charles S. 1899
Beveridge, Albert 1908
Watson, James E. 1908
Quebec Steamship Company, Limited 1916
Subseries: "Eigenmann relics"
1 document case consisting of samples collected by Eigenmann, including pine
cones, sea shells, nuts, etc.