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New Harmony Manuscripts, 1812-1871


New Harmony Manuscripts Series: Series I

1812-1871

90 folders

NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE. 1812-1871.

Correspondence relating to New Harmony, the New Harmony Community, and the activities of William MACLURE, Marie D. FRETAGEOT, Robert OWEN, and others connected with the community.

Series I of the New Harmony Correspondence in the Workingmen's Institute, New Harmony, Indiana, comprises, in a single chronological series in 90 folders from 1812-1871, all the letters preserved in this collection, with the exception of these exchanged between William MACLURE and Marie D. FRETAGEOT (Which constitute Series IM, the Maclure-Fretageot Correspondence, separately arranged, catalogued, and microfilmed). This finding aid covers 63 folders of correspondence from 1812-1844.

The bulk of the letters for this period come from the papers of William MACLURE and Marie FRETAGEOT, comprising letters addressed to them or written by them to other correspondents than each other.

The 1814-1816 letters pertain to the Rappite community of Harmonie, at what is now New Harmony, Indiana.

There are 136 letters for the year 1820-1825, practically all of which deal with the enterprises and personal affairs of William MACLURE or of Madam FRETAGEOT, prior to their joining in the New Harmony Community. Among the correspondents are Johann Heinrich PESTALOZZI, Charles Alexandre LESUEUR, William S. PHIQUEPAL, George W. ERVING, Eliza ROTCH, John SPEAKMAN, Reuben HAINES, and Philip M. PRICE. Scattered letters from other collections include papers of Frederick RAPP and letters addressed to Samuel DRANSFIELD.

There are 25 letters for the years 1826-1828, many of which are similar to these for the earlier period. There are, however, several scattered letters from sources other than the Maclure-Fretageot papers, including correspondence of Mrs. Joseph SISTARE, W.G. TAYLOR, John SPEAKMAN and Frances WRIGHT.

There are 101 letters of the years 1829 and 1830, when Maclure was a resident of Mexico and Madame FRETATEGOT of New Harmony. The bulk of the letters are from the papers of these two persons, and the correspondents (besides these already mentioned) include Joel R. POINSETT, Mary CARROLL, John BOWRING, Charles BIRKBECK, F.A. ISMAR, Oliver EVANS, William P. BENNETT, George R. ROBERTSON, Martha CHASE, and Victor NEEF. There are also scattered letters from other collections, including papers of William G. TAYLOR and Robert DALE OWEN.

Four transcripts of letters and documents of 1825 are filmed in folder 15 for that year.

Each letter has been catalogued in detail by, or under the direction of Prof. Arthur E. Bestor, Jr., with the assistance of Mr. Ian Charles C. Graham.

The correspondence from 1831 to 1837 was cataloged by Josephine Elliott in 1972. This correspondence is in folders 26-47. While many of the letters are to or from William Maclure and M. Fretageot, there are many letters from the key individuals in the New Harmony Community including Robert OWEN, William OWEN, Charles Alexandre LESUEUR, Thomas and Lucy SAY, Frederick RAPP and Joseph NEEF, Achilles FRETAGEOT and others.

The correspondence from 1838 to 1871 was cataloged by Sherry Graves in 2007. Many of the early letters are to William MACLURE in Mexico. Writing to Maclure on a regular basis was Dr. BURROUGHS the American consul in Vera Cruz. Most of his correspondence is about forwarding mail either to Maclure or to people in the U.S. Also writing regularly were Alexander MACLURE, John SPEAKMAN and William AMPHLETT.

After William Maclure's death, we have increased correspondence to Alexander and Anna MACLURE.

The 1838 to 1844 period includes letters from Robert Dale OWEN, Richard OWEN, Lucy SAY, Frances WRIGHT, and Josiah WARREN. Several letters deal with the Working Men's Institute in New Harmony and other working men's groups trying to form under Maclure's guidelines.

A glimpse of New Harmony town life can be seen in the numerous letters to poastmaster and businessman N.G. NETTLETON and other residents.

The letters from 1844-1871 contain many letters to and from Alexander MACLURE as problems increase with the handling of William Maclure’s estate. There are letters to and from the Owen family as they work to settle David Dale's estate. Dale was the grandfather of Robert Owen's children. There is a letter from Richard OWEN to John Beale while Owen is participating in the Mexican War. Letters to and from residents of New Harmony provide insight into town life. There are Civil War letters from the Alexander FRETAGEOT family and the James Penn BENNETT families and others.

The series closes with a series of undated letters in folders 85-90.

  • Series I Subjects"
  • Maclure, William, 1763-1840
  • Fretageot, Marie Duclos, 1783-1833
  • Rapp, Frederick, 1775-1834
  • Pestalozzi, Johann Heinrich, 1746-1827
  • Erving, George William, 1769-1850
  • Lesueur, Charles Alexandre, 1778-1846
  • Rich, O. (Obadiah), 1777-1850
  • D'Aubigny, M.I., Baroness
  • d'Arusmont, Guillaume Sylvan Casimir Phiquepal (1779-1855)
  • Haines, Reuben, 1790-1853
  • Fretageot, Achilles Emery
  • Fretageot, Joseph
  • Duclos, Jean
  • Maclure, Alexander
  • Maclure, Anna
  • de Rodas, Rafael
  • Rotch, Eliza
  • Speakman, John
  • Owen, William, 1802-1842
  • Neef, Joseph, 1770-1854
  • Taylor, William G.
  • Carroll, Mary
  • Wright, Frances, 1795-1852
  • Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851
  • Duclos, Marie
  • Ismar, Frédéric Auguste
  • Kellogg, Simon Wattles
  • Bennett, James
  • Bennett, William Penn
  • Ward, Allen
  • Owen, William, 1802-1842
  • Owen, Robert, 1771-1858
  • Owen, Robert Dale, 1801-1877
  • Beal, John
  • Say, Lucy Way Sistare, 1801-1886
  • Say, Thomas, 1787-1834
  • Amphlett, William
  • Burroughs, Marmaduke
  • Wilbank, John
  • Nettleton, N.G.
  • Warren, Josiah, 1798-1874
  • Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia

NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

1812, 1814

Folder 1

Catalogued by A. E. Bestor, 21 Aug. 1951.


1812, Feb. 19

E. FINDLEY & SON, Baltimore, Feby. 19, 1812. To Frederick RAPP, Care of Messr. Sutter & McNickle Merchants, Pittsburg

4 p.

Business letter concerning kegs, whiskey, hams, shoulders, etc.

Not included in Bestor's series.


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1814 Feb. 28

Frederick RAPP, Harmonie

1 p.

Application for a license to work a boiler. To John Findley, Esq., Collector of the Revenue for the 22nd collection, District of Pennsylvania


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1814 Apr. 15

John STREET, Salem, Columbiana County, Ohio To Frederick RAPP,[Harmonie, Pa.]

2 p.

Wishes to purchase 4 or 5 Merino bucks and a ewe.


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I.1.1

1814 Oct 25

Fred[eric]k RAPP, Harmonie.

1 p.

MS notice that town lots and small farms in Harmonie will be offered for sale.

Presented to Workingmen's Institute by Mrs. Pearl Clark of Economy, Pa., 29 Sept. 1924.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

1815

Folder 2

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 15 May, 1951.


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1815 Sep. 23

CANNADA, James, [Harmonie, Ind. ?] To [John L.] BAKER

1 p. end.


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I.2.1

1815 Nov. 20

BEAN & BUTLER, Pittsburg. To Fred[eric]k RAPP, Harmony Gibson County, Indiana Territory.

2 pp.

Gift of Mrs. Pearl Clark, June 1924.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

1816

Folder 3

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 15 May, 1951.


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I.3.1

1816 July 2

John COX, [Harmonie]. To John BAKER, Harmony.

1 p.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

1820

Folder 4

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 15 May, 1951.


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I.4.1

1820 July 22

[Johann Heinrich] PESTALOZZI, Yverdun, [Switzerland]. To Pablo BURRUESO, Calle de Santa Maria, Malaga, [Spain].

2 pp.

In French.

Letter of introduction of William Maclure.


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I.4.2

1820 July 22

[Johann Heinrich] PESTALOZZI, Yverdun, [Switzerland]. to Guillaume STRACHAN, Malaga, [Spain].

2 pp.

In French.

Letter of introduction to William Maclure.


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I.4.3

1820 July 22

[Johann Heinrich] PERSALOZZI, Yverdun, [Switzerland]. To Juan Sanchez CISUEROS, Président de la Societe royale de Valence, Espagne.

2 pp.

In French.

Letter of Introduction to William Maclure.


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I.4.4

1820 Nov. 8

MALLET frères, Paris, [France]. To Walter & D. JOHNSTON, Bordeaux, and P[ier]re DAGUERRE & fils ainé, Bayonne.

1 p.

In French.

Letter of credit for William Maclure. Endorsed showing payment of 1000 francs to him at Bayonne, 19 Dec. 1820.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

January - June 1821

Folder 5

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 17 May, 1951.


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I.5.1

1821 Jan. 5

Hannah FAWCETT, [care of] Lord Henry Paulett, West Hill Lodge, Tichfeild, Hants, [England]. To S. DRANSFIELD and wife, Oat Hill, Near Shawnee Town, English Settlement, Illinois, America.

4 pp.

The salutation reads "My Dear Brother and Sister."


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I.5.2

1821 Jan. 10

[G.W. ERVING],Paris, [France]. To William MACLURE, Madrid, [Spain].

3 pp.


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I.5.4

1821 Feb. 3

O. Rich, Valencia, [Spain]. To [William] MACLURE, [c/o U.S. Minister], Calle de Horraleza, Madrid.

2 pp.


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I.5.5

1821 Fe. 19

WISEMAN GOWER & C o, Madrid. To William Maclure, Madrid.

3 pp.

Financial statement.


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I.5.6

1821 Mar. 4

[Charles Alexandre] LESUEUR, Ph[iladelphi]a. To [William] MACLURE,[Madrid].

3 pp.

In French.


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I.5.7

1821 Mar. 17

[Charles Alexandre] LESUEUR, Ph[iladelphi]a. To [William] MACLURE, [Madrid].

1 p.

In French.


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I.5.9

1821 Apr. 2

G.W. ERVING, [Paris]. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

3 pp.


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I.5.10

1821 May 26

[G.W. ERVING], Paris. To [William MACLURE], [Madrid]

4 pp.


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I.5.11

1821 June 8

O. Rich, Valencia, [Spain]. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

July - October 1821

Folder 6

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 21 May, 1951.


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I.6.1

1821 July 1

[G. W. ERVING], Paris. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

4 pp.


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I.6.2

1821 July 10

M. D'AUBIGNY, Benonville, [France]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGE[OT], Le Havre.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.6.3

1821 July 13

[William S.] PHIQUEPAL, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Le Harve.

1 p.

In French.


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I.6.4

1821 July 22

Rafael de RODAS, Mad[ri]d. To Pedro BARASOIN [?], Aranjuez, [Spain].

1 p.

In Spanish.

Letter of introduction of William Maclure.


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I.6.5

1821 July 22

Rafael de RODAS, Mad[ri]d. To Manuel ALEAS, Colmenar el viejo.

2 pp.

In Spanish.

Letter of introduction of William Maclure.


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I.6.6

1821 July 28

George W. ERVING, Paris. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

3 pp.


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I.6.7

1821 July 30

George W. ERVING, Paris. To William MACLURE, Madrid.

3 pp.


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I.6.8

1821 Sept. 5

G[eorge] W. E[RVING], Paris. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

3 pp.


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1.6.8½

1821 Sept. 24, 25

Reuben HAINES, Germantown and Philadelphia, [Pennsylvania]. To M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, at Mrs. Sistare's, N o 126 Mulberry Street, New York.

2 pp.

From Folder 5 - I.5.3


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I.6.9

1821 Oct. 8

[George W. ERVING], Paris. To William MACLURE, [Madrid].

4 pp.


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1821 Oct. 16

Eliza DE BACCQUE, care of Mr. Warren Ashley at Norfolk, [Virginia]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, care of Mr. Duane, Editeur of the aurore, Philadelphia.

4 pp.


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1821 Oct. 24

J. LEGUIERIE [?], Madrid. To [William] MACLURE, [Madrid].

3 pp.

In French.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

November - December 1821

Folder 7

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 22 May, 1951.


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I.7.1

1821 Nov. 11

Juan Antonio BOURT [or BOUXT?], Fab ca de Azufre de Hellin, [Spain]. To Robelto MONTGOMERY,

2 pp.

In Spanish.


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I.7.2

1821 Nov. 15

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, L'hospice des enfan[t]s malades, Ru[e] de Sevres, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.7.3

1821 Nov. 16

Charles HOLT, New York. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, 240 Filbert Street, Philadelphia.

3 pp.


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I.7.4

[1821] [Nov. 21]

G[eorge] W. ERVING, [Paris]. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.

The beginning of the letter seems to be missing. The date has apparently been transcribed, in a later hand, from the missing portion.


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I.7.5

1821 Nov. 21

J. LEGUIERIE, Barcelona, [Spain]. To [William] MACLURE, [Madrid].

2 pp.

In French.


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I.7.6

1821 Nov. 25

[George W. ERVING], Paris. To [William MACLURE], [Madrid].

4 pp.

The letter is endorsed, in Maclure's hand: "Answered 13 Decem. 1821"


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I.7.7

1821 Dec. 9

[Jean] DUCLOS, Boulevard d'enfer No. 4, Paris. to W[illiam] MACLURE, Madrid.

2 pp.

In French.

Answered by Maclure, 20 Dec. 1821, according to endorsement.


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I.7.8

1821 Dec. 10

C[harles] A[lexandre] LESUEUR, Philadelphia. To W[illiam] MACLURE, Madrid.

4 pp.

In French.

Answered by Maclure, 22 March 1822.


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1821 Dec. 12

D. Consta[ble ?], N ? Evansville. To John L Baker, Harmonie, [Indiana].

1 p.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

January - March 1822

Folder 8

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 22 May, 1951.


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I.8.1

1822 Jan. 4

A[lexander] MACLURE, Norfolk, [Virginia]. To William MACLURE, care of Mess rs Wiseman Gower & Co., Bankers, Madrid.

3 pp.

The salutation is "Dear Brother."


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I.8.2

1822 Jan. 13

[Monsieur] GÉNÉRAT, Lyon, [France], and [Jean] DUCLOS, Boulevard d'enfer N o 4, [Paris]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.

Générat says he is sending the letter under envelope to Duclos, who has added a postscript with his Paris address, but no date. Jan. 13 is the date put by Générat at the end of his part of the letter, written at Lyons. Générat and Duclos indicate in the letters that they are brother and brother-in-law of Madame Fretageot.


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I.8.3

1822 Jan. 18

G[eorge] W. ERVING, [Paris]. To William MACLURE, Madrid.

3 pp.


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I.8.4

1822 Jan. 18

F. LAUNE, Bayonne, [France]. To [William] MACLURE, Chez Wiseman Gower & Co., Madrid.

1 p.

In French.


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I.8.5

1822 Jan. 19

J. LEGUIERIE, Barcelona, [Spain]. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.

In French.


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I.8.6

1822 Feb. 21

C[harles] A[lexandre] LESUEUR, Philadelphia. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Madrid.

3 pp.

In French.

Answered by Maclure, 7 May 1822.


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I.8.7

1822 Feb. 26

G[eorge] W. E[RVING], [Paris]. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

3 pp.

Answered 14 March 1822.


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I.8.8

1822 Mar. 5

George W. ERVING, Paris. To William MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.


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I.8.9

1822 Mar. 25

[George W. ERVING], [Paris]. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

5 pp. (on two sheets).

Answered 8 April 1822.


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I.8.9½

1822 Mar. 29

C[harles] A[lexandre] Lesueur, Philadelphia. To W[illiam] Maclure, Madrid.

2 pp.

In French


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I.8.10

1822 Mar. 29

F. LAUNE, Bayonne, [France]. To [William MACLURE], [Madrid].

3 pp.

In French.

The letter is addressed to Monsieur W m Gower, but is endorsed in Maclure's hand: "Answered 4 April 1822". It is obviously meant for Maclure. See I.8.4, above and I.8.11, below.


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I.8.11

1822 Mar. 30

F. LAUNE, Bayonne, [France]. To [William] MACLURE, chez William [sic] Gower & C?., Madrid.

2 pp.

In French.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

April - June 1822

Folder 9

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 28 May, 1951.


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I.9.12

1822 Apr. 6

C[harles] A[lexandre] LESUEUR, Philadelphia. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.

In French.

Mentions "professeur [John] Griscom."


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I.9.13

[1822 ca. Apr.]

[Charles Alexandre] LESUEUR, [Philadelphia]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.

In French.

Endorsed by Maclure, "Answered 4 June 1822," the same date on which he answered the preceding letter.


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I.9.14

1822 Apr. 15

F. LAUNE, Bayonne, [France]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Madrid.

2 pp.

In French.


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I.9.15

1822 Apr. 20

[George W. ERVING], Paris. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

2 pp.


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I.9.16

1822 Apr. 30

[Monsieur] GÉNÉRAT, Lyon, [France]. To unnamed correspondent.

2 pp.

In French.


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I.9.17

1822 May 8

Charles Alexandre LESUEUR], Philadelphia. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Madrid.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.9.18

1822 May 18

Henry O'SHEA & Co., Valencia, [Spain]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.


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I.9.19

1822 May 24

M. D'AUBIGNY, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

2 pp.

In French.


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I.9.20

1822 May 28

Henry O'SHEA & Co., Valencia, [Spain]. To William MACLURE, Madrid

2 pp.


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I.9.21

1822 June 6

C[harles] A[lexandre] LESUEUR, [Philadelphia]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.

In French.


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I.9.22

1822 June 6

[Charles Alexandre] LESUEUR, Philadelphia. To William MACLURE, Madrid.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.9.23

1822 June 4

Rafael de RODAS, Aranjuez, [Spain]. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.

In Spanish.


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I.9.24

1822 June 17

Fran[cis]co Xav[ie]r Lop[e]z de LERENA, Villarr de Santiago, [Spain]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.

In Spanish.


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I.9.25

1822 June 18

Henry O'SHEA & Co., Valencia, [Spain]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Madrid.

3 pp.


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I.9.26

1822 June 21

Manuel BAZTERRICA, To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.

In Spanish.


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I.9.27

1822 June 24

Rafael de RODAS, Aranjuez, [Spain]. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

2 pp.

In Spanish.


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I.9.28

1822 June 24

Fran[cis]co Xav[ie]r Lop[e]z de LERENA, Villarr , [Spain]. To Rafael de RODAS, [Aranjuez, Spain].

2 pp.

In Spanish.


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I.9.29

1822 June 27 [or 29?]

Fran[cis]co Xavier Lop[e]z de LERENA, Villarr , [Spain]. To Rafael de RODAS, [Aranjuez, Spain].

1 p.

In Spanish.


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I.9.30

Fran[cis]co Xav[ie]r Lop[e]z de LERENA, Villarr de Santiago, [Spain]. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.

In Spanish.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

July - December 1822

Folder 10

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 29 May, 1951.

Revised by A.E. Bestor, 6 Sept., 1951.


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I.10.31

1822 July 1

B. R. JOUANIN, fils, Valenc[ia], [Spain]. To [William] MACLURE, Calle de Valverde N o 34, Madrid.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.10.32

1822 July 2

Henry O'SHEA & C o, Valencia, [Spain]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.


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I.10.33

1822 July 7

R[afael] de RODAS, Aranjuez, [Spain]. To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.

In Spanish.

Receipt at end of letter signed "Cardenas y Comp ", and dated at Madrid, July 17, 1822.


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I.10. 34

1822 July 22

BAUCHETONT, [?], Portes, . To [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

1 p.

In French.


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I.10.35

1822 July 30

Henry O'SHEA & Co., Valencia, [Spain]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Madrid.

2 pp.


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I.10.36

1822 Aug. 9, and 10

[Monsieur] GUILLIER, avocat a la Cour royale de Paris, Rue de Nazareth N o 1 er, Paris; [Monsieur] VAILLANT [?], [Paris]; [Monsieur] GAUTHIER, agent de Surveillance, Paris; and [Monsieur] MALENIS [?], [Paris]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, [Philadelphia].

4 pp.

In French.

Concerning proceedings of M. Duclos against M. Fretageot.

Transcription on microfilm.


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I.10.37

1822 Aug. 10

[Senor] FERREZ, Hugo [or Lugo ?], [Spain]. To Jacobo PAEGA.

2 pp.

In Spanish.


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I.10.38

1822 Aug. 12

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, Rue de Serves, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.10.39

1822 Aug. 16

[Monsieur] AVILLEAUD, inspecteur du douane au havre, Le Harve. To M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, Filbert Street N o 240, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.10.40

1822 Sept. 10

Henry O'SHEA & Co., Valencia, [Spain]. To William MACLURE, Madrid.

2 pp.

Receipt at end of letter signed by J[ua]n B[aptis]ta de Yrivarren and dated 16 Sep., 1822.


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I.10.41

1822 Sept. 21

J. LEGUIERIE, Madrid. To [William] MACLURE, [Madrid].

1 p.

In French.


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I.10.42

1822 Sept. 24

W[illia]m MACLURE, Calle Valverde, [Madrid]. To unnamed correspondent.

2 pp.

Answer written in English at foot of letter.


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I.10.43

1822 Nov. 26

C M , [London]. To. [William] MACLURE, Madrid.

4 pp.

The letter deals extensively with economic and political affairs in England, and was clearly written from that country. It also discusses international questions. At the beginning the writer mentions a letter from Maclure, saying, "It contains the clearest account perhaps ever published of the Spanish debt; and it appears in the Cronicle [sic] of the 23d Inst." Requests for additional articles strongly suggest that the writer was on the editorial staff of this journal, the London Morning Chronicle (?), the editor of which, at this time, was John Black. The initials signed to the letter, C. M., would fit Charles Maclaren, at this time editor of the Edinburgh Scotsman.


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I.10.44

1822 Nov. 28

M. D'AUBIGNY, [Paris]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.

Mme. Fretageot's street address has been added on the fourth page by a writer who notes: "This was in a package of Stockings opened at the Public Store―which I shall forward as soon as they are passed through J.T."

The month in the dateline is difficult to decipher, but the first paragraph of the letter makes it clear that it was written more than six weeks after Oct. 5, i.e. probably in November.


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I.10.45

1822 Dec. 31

[Unsigned], Alic[an]te, [Spain]. To [ ? ].

1 p.

In Spanish.


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1822 Aug. 18

W[illia]m SMITH, P.M., Harmonie [Indiana] To Mr. Lindsley, Agent of Post office department, Vincennes.

2 pp.

Complaints about poor service (4 & 5 months for mail from Cincinnati), resulting in business losses.


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1822 Nov. 1

John Lemox [?], State of Tennessee Smith County To John Baker, [Harmonie] Posey County, Indiana.

3 p.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

1823

Folder 11

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 29 May, 1951


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I.11.1

1823 Jan. 13

John and Mary FAWCETT, Cincinnati, [Ohio]. To [Samuel] DRANSFIELD and wife, English Settlement, Illonois [sic].

2 pp.


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I.11.2

1823 Mar. 12

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, Rue de Sevres, Paris, and [Monsieur] GAUTHIER [?], agent de Surveillance de l'hopital [des enfants malades, Paris]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, [Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.11.3

1823 Apr. 27

[Monsieur] GÉNÉRAT, à la fabrique d'indienne de la ferandiere, Commune de Villerbane près Lyon. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.11.4

1823 May 23

Eliza ROTCH, New Bedford, Mass. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, corner of Walnut and twelfth street, Philadelphia.

4 pp.


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I.11.5

1823 June 1

Fred[eric]k RAPP, Cincin[n]ati, [Ohio]. To W. YOUNG, N o 10 South 3 Street, Philadelphia.

1 p.


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I.11.6

1823 July 13

Eliza ROTCH, New Bedford, Mass. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Walnut Street (corner of Twelfth), Philadelphia.

4 pp.


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I.11.7

1823 Aug. 5

M M POST, New York. To M[arie] D FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

2 pp.


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I.11.8

1823 Sept. 12

[George W. ERVING], Paris. To William MACLURE, Alicante, [Spain].

3 pp.


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I.11.9

1823 Aug. 23

H. POST, Jr.,N[ew] York. To M[arie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

1 p.


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I.11.10

1823 Sept. 27

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, Rue de Sevres, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, [Philadelphia].

3 pp.

In French.


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I.11.11

1823 Oct. [?] 4

PRIENED [?] hijos, Cartagena [Spain]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Allicante [Spain].

1 p.

In Spanish.


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I.11.12

1823 Nov. 8

[Joseph FRETAGEOT], Rue de Sevres, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.11.13

[ca. 1823]

[Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon [France]. To [Marie D. FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia].

4 pp.

In French.


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I.11.14

[ca. 1823

John SPEAKMAN, [Philadelphia ?]. To T[homas] SAY, [Philadelphia].

4 pp.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

January - April 1824

Folder 12

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 9 Nov., 1951


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I.12.1

1824 Jan. 6

G[eorge] W E[RVING]. To William MACLURE, [Madrid].

3 pp.


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I.12.2

1824 Jan. 10

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, Rue de Sèvres, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.12.3

1824 Feb. 12

G[eorge] W. ERVING. Paris To William MACLURE, [Madrid].

3 pp.


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I.12.4

1824 Feb. 16

Eliza ROTCH, New Bedford, [Mass.]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Walnut street & 12th, Philadelphia.

4 pp.


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I.12.5

1824 Feb. 18

G[uillau]me PHIQUEPAL, Paris. To [Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon, [France].

1 p.

In French.


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I.12.6

1824 Mar. 7

George W. ERVING, Paris. To William MACLURE, Madrid.

3 pp.


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I.12.7

1824 Mar. 14 and 25

[Monsieur] AVILLEAUD, [Inspector of Customs], Le Harve. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Filbert Street N o 240, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.12.8

1824 Mar. 29

Eliza ROTCH, New Bedford, [Mass.]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Walnut Street near 12th, Philadelphia,

4 pp.


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I.12.9

1824 Apr. 6 &

May 8 and 10

M. D'AUBIGNY, [Paris]. To Marie [D. FRETAGEOT], [Philadelphia].

6 pp.

In French.


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I.12.10

1824 Apr. 9

V. de WEGUEURS [?], Madrid. [William] MACLURE, Calle del Lobo [?] N o 15, Alicante, [Spain].

1 p.

In French.


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I.12.11

1824 Apr. 30

G[uillau]me PHIQUEPAL, Paris. To [Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon, [France].

1 p.

In French.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

May - December 1824

Folder 13

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 4 June, 1951


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1824 May 1

William MACLURE, Alicant. To John BOWLING, London.

2 pp.Xerox.


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I.13.12

1824 May 5

[Unsigned], Paris. To Marie [D. FRETAGEOT], [Philadelphia].

4 pp.

In French.

Incomplete-possibly Laure Malterre, Mme. d'Aubigny's daughter.

The end of the letter and the signature are missing. Internal evidence shows the writer to be the mother of a six year old son.


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I.13.13

1824 June 3

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, [Rue de Sevres], Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.13.14

1824 July 14

O. Rich, London. To William MACLURE, Care of Miss Ann Maclure, N o 140 Princes Street, Edinburgh.

2 pp.


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I.13.15

1824 Aug. 25

Eliza ROTCH, New Bedford, [Mass.]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Walnut street, [Philadelphia].

2 pp.


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I.13.16

1824 Sep. 7

[Dr. William] PRICE, Liverpool. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Walnut above 12th Street, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.13.17

1824 Sep. 20

Adam LEE, New York. To Mary LEE, Mrs. Fretageot's School, [Philadelphia].

4 pp.


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I.13.18

1824 Oct. 4

Eliza ROTCH, New Bedford, [Mass.]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, [Philadelphia].

4 pp.


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I.13.19

1824 Oct. 5

Eliza ROTCH, New Bedford, [Mass.]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Walnut street, [Philadelphia].

4 pp.

In French.


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I.13.20

1824 Oct. 16

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, [Rue de Sèvres], Paris. To [Marie D. FRETAGEOT], [Philadelphia].

4 pp.

In French.


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I.13.21

1824 Oct. 22

M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, [Philadelphia]. To [William] PHIQUEPAL, Rue des Brodeurs N o 20, Paris.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.13.22

1824 [After Nov. 13]

[Monsieur] GAUTHIER [?], Agent de Surveillance de l'hopital des enfants malades, [Rue de Sevres, Paris]. To [Marie D. FRETAGEOT[, [Philadelphia].

2 pp.

In French

Contains copies of three letters from M. Chantillin to M. Fretageot, dated 5 July, 3 Sep., and 13 Nov. 1824. The letter of transmittal (at end) is undated.


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I.13.23

1824 Dec. 11

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, Rue de Sevres, Paris. To [Marie] [D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.13.24

1824 Dec. 23

[Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon, [France]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

1825

Folder 14

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 7 Nov., 1951


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I.14.1

1825 Jan. 2

C[harles] A[lexendre] LESUEUR, Philadelphia. To W[illia]m MACLURE. Rue des Brodeurs, Paris.

3 pp.

In French.

Misdated 1824 at beginning. The postmark and endorsement read 1825.


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I.14.2

1825 Jan. 12

[Monsieur] JUNOD, Place de Palais de Justice N o 4, Paris. To [William] MACLURE, Rue des Brodeurs, N o 20, Paris.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.14.3

1825 Jan. 17

[Monsieur] GÉNÉRAT, Rue de Seze Maison Fuchet N o 159, aux Broteaux de Lyon, [France]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

4 pp.

In French.


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I.14.4

1825 Jan. 27

W[illia]m S. PHIQUEPAL, Philadelphia. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Rue des Brodeurs, Paris.

3 pp.


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I.14.5

1825 Feb. 10

W[illia]m M[ACLURE], Rue des Brodeurs, N o 20, Paris. To Madam D'AUBIGNY, Rue des Jeuneures N o 11, Paris.

2 pp.

In French.

The MS, somewhat damaged, begins with a passage in which Maclure discusses his religious views. Then follows his draft of a letter to Madam D'Aubigny, and then a corrected version of this in better French, in another hand. The letter is addressed, in the salutation, to Madam D'Aubigny, but, in the outside address, to Mr. Hill, Hazelwood School, Nr. Birmingham.


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I.14.6

1825 Apr. 4

J. [Joseph] SCHMIDT, Neuhof, par Wildegg, C[an]ton d'Argovie, [Aargau], [Switzerland]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, N o 20 Rue des Brodeurs, Faubourg St. Germain, Paris.

2 pp.

In French.

Reference to Pestalozzi.


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I.14.7

1825 Apr. 18

[Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon, [France]. To [William] MACLURE, Rue des Brodeurs N o 20, Faubourg St. Germain, Paris.

2 pp.

In French.

The draft of a reply, also in French, presumably by Maclure, though not in his hand, is written on the reverse.


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I.14.8

1825 Apr. 30

V[icto]r GUILTANS [?], Philadelphia. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Murray's Place, Ridge Road, [Philadelphia].

2 pp.

In French.


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I.14.9

1825 Apr. 30

[Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon, [France. To [William] MACLURE, Rue des Brodeurs No. 20, Faubourg St. Germain, Paris.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.14.10

1825 May 10

[Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon, [France]. To [William] MACLURE, Rue des Brodeurs N o 20, Faubourg St. Germain, Paris.

1 p.

In French.

Sends his sons, Pierre and Victor, to America in Maclure's care.


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I.14.11

1825 May 10

[Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon, [France]. To [William] MACLURE, Rue des Brodeurs N o 20, Faubourg St. Germain, Paris.

1 p.

In French.


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I.14.12

1825 May 24

Fursi LAISNÉ de Meulan, Paris. To [William] MACLURE, Rue des Brodeurs N o 20, Paris.

2 pp.

In French.


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I.14.13

1825 [?] May 24

[Monsieur] DUCHÊNE, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT Philadelphia.

2 pp.

In French.


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I.14.14

1825 May 25

Louis FERAI [?], Le Harve. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Paris.

2 pp.

In French.


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I.14.15

1825 July 26

M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, [Philadelphia]. To [Jean ?] DUCLOS, [Lyon ?].

2 pp.

In French.


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I.14.16

1825 July 30

[Monsieur] DUCHÊNE, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony, Illinois [sic],

2 pp.

In French.


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I.14.17

1825 Oct. 29

M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, [Philadelphia]. To Achille [FRETAGEOT].

3 pp.

In French.


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I.14.18

1825 Oct. 29

M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, [Philadelphia]. To Achille [FRETAGEOT].

2 pp.

In French.


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I.14.19

1825 Dec. 2

[Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon, [France]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

In French.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE Folder 15

Typed transcripts of two letters to the Robert Owen papers, Manchester, England, and a photostat of newspaper reproductions of same. Letters bound to paper cover inscribed: "Presented by Frank Podmore [etc.]", together with a "Notice to Farmers, Tradesmen and Others", and Robert Owen's application for naturalization papers, both transcripts.


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1825 Feb. 7

William OWEN, Vincennes State of Indiana. To [Robert OWEN].

3 pp.


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1825 Dec. 16

William OWEN, New Harmony. To [Robert OWEN].

4 pp.


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Notice to Farmers, Tradesmen and Others. Dated at Harmony.

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1825 May. 9

State of Illinois, Crawford County, copy of record of Robert OWEN's solemn declaration of his intention of becoming a citizen of the United States of America, in the presence of James O[tis] WATTLES, attested by Edward H. PIPER (Clerk).

NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE 1826  Folder 16

Catalogued by J.W. Weaver, 22Aug., 1951


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I.16.1

1826 Feb. 20 & 21

Ella DU PONT, Louivers, and V[ictor?] DU PONT Brandywine. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony, Indiana.

4 pp.

In French.


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I.16.2

1826 Mar. 29

L. GRATZ, [Philadelphia]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, care of Mr. Rob[er]t Owen, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.


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I.16.3

1826 May 22

Elizabeth WILLIG, Philadelphia. To Achille FRETAGEOT, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

The letter was forwarded by Mme. Fretageot who added a note in French, dated July 7, 1826, on the reverse of the sheet. The note indicates that Achille was with Maclure at Yellow Springs, Ohio.


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I.16.4

1826 Jul. 26

[Monsieur] DUCHÊNE, and [Joseph] FRETAGEOT, Paris To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

In French.

Addressed to Philadelphia and forwarded to New Harmony.


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I.16.5

1826 Aug. 19

[Mrs. Joseph SISTARE ?], New York. To Frances and Sarah [SISTARE ?], [New Harmony, Indiana].

2 pp.

This is the letter of a mother to two daughters who are in Mme. Fretageot's school at New Harmony. She mentions a letter from Lucy, [Lucy Way Sistare] apparently another daughter. Mrs. Joseph Sistare of New York sent her three daughters, including Lucy (the future Mrs. Thomas Say) to New Harmony, and is probably the writer of this letter.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

1827

Folder 17

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I.17.1

1827 May 23

W.G. TAYLOR, [New Harmony]. To Joseph FAUNTLEROY.

3 pp.

Discussion of business affairs at New Harmony.


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I.17.2

1827 July 27

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, [New] Harmony, [Indiana].

5 pp.

In French.

Two pages, on a separate leaf, are a copy of a letter to Mr. Fretageot from Mr. Chantillon, dated 7 July, 1827.


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1827 Sept. 26

John SPEAKMAN, New Harmony. To TAYLOR FAUNTLEROY & Co., New Harmony.

2 pp.

Proposal for dissolving the firm of Speakman, Taylor & Co.


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I.17.4

1827 Oct. 10

[Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon, [France]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony.

1 p.

In French.


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I.17.5

1827 Oct. 27

W.G. TAYLOR, New Harmony. To Joseph FAUNTLEROY.

4 pp.

Discussion of business affairs at New Harmony. "Caution is necessary in all things which relate to R. Owen." Marked "Confidential."


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I.17.6

1827 Nov. 11

[Monsieur] GUILLIN [?]. Lyon, [France]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, care of Mr. Robertson, Philadelphia.

2 pp.

In French.


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I.17.7

1827 Dec. 29

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, Paris. To [Marie D. FRETAGEOT].

2 pp.

In French.

There is a brief note by Monsieur Duchêne at the end.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

1828

Folder 18

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 8 Nov., 1951


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1828 Jan. 3

M[ary] CARROLL, New Orleans. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Writer has been able to secure only ten subscribers for [Michaux's] Sylvia. Successful efforts to prevent the circulation of the Disseminator have been made in New Orleans. Refers to orphan boys [whom Maclure and Mme. Fretageot wished to bring to New Harmony school.]

Transcription on microfilm.


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I.18.2

1828 Aug. 1

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, [New Harmony].

3 pp.

In French.


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I.18.3

1828 Aug. 15

W[illia]m M[ACLURE], N[ew] Harmony. To [Richard] RUSH, Secretary to the Treasury, [Washington].

2 pp.

A request for a refund of duties paid on books and educational supplies imported through the Port of New York. The address on the reverse side, "Mr. W m Maclure New Harmony Ind a", indicates that the letter was returned, possibly with some answer, which is missing.


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I.18.4

1828 Sep. 3

M[ary] CARROLL, New Orleans. To W[illia]m MACLURE New Harmony.

4 pp.

Transcription on microfilm.


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I.18.5

1828 Oct. 1

George W. ERVING, Paris. To William MACLURE,

4 pp.

Transcription on microfilm.


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I.18.6

1828 Nov.

Robert CARR, [ ? ]. To William MACLURE, Arch Street, Philad[elphi]a.

1 p.


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I.18.7

1828 Nov. 1[?]

James RONALDSON, Cedar by 10 th St, [Philadelphia]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Mulberry St, [Philadelphia].

2 pp.

Discusses arrangements for a visit to "Mr. Carrs Bartrams Gardens."


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I.18.8

[1828 Nov.]

Frances WRIGHT. Instructions to William MACLURE [sic].

1 p.

Instructions regarding mortgage on "the brewery estate." Some faint penciled notes have been written on the reverse. The date is from Maclure's endorsement.


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1828 Nov. 11

John M. KEAGY, Woodside Institute, [Philadelphia]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Philadelphia.

3 pp.

Thanks Maclure for engravings and minerals, which he considers "an indication that you approve of our mode of proceeding in the instruction of youth." Outlines plan of instruction. Regrets they had no further opportunity for discussing education. Endorsement reads: "Answered from New York by Reuben Hains the 1 st Decemr 1828 giving the reasons for not teaching latin or Greek to children as well as everything else they do not understand the utility of &c &c &c."


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I.18.10

1828 Nov. 28

[John BOWRING], London. To William MACLURE, Mexico.

2 pp.

Has had Maclure's letters of August 15 and October 28 printed in the Morning Herald and would be glad to have further letters on the subject of Mexico.


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I.18.11

1828 Dec. 2

P[ierre] L[azare] DUCLOS, New Orleans. To A[chille] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony.

3 pp.


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I.18.12

1828 Dec. 8

G[eorge] W. ERVING, Paris. To William MACLURE, care of Messrs. Lockart & Arnott, New Orleans.

3 pp.

Answered from Mexico, 1 May 1829, according to Maclure's endorsement.


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I.18.13

[ca. 1828]

[William MACLURE].

2 pp.

Unsigned draft in Maclure's hand of document appointing George W. Erving and Marie Duclos Fretageot his trustees and executors.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

January -March 1829

Folder 19

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 8 Nov., 1951


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I.19.1

[ca. 1829]

William G. TAYLOR, [New Harmony, Indiana]. To an unnamed correspondent.

6 pp.

As requested, Taylor sets forth his "future course of policy as it relates to the business of our concern."


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I.19.2

1829 Jan. 3

Frederic MONTGOMERY, Vera Cruz, [Mexico]. To William MACLURE, Jalapa, [Mexico].

3 pp.

Discussion of the political situation in Mexico.


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I.19.3

1829 Jan. 23

J[oel] R. POINSETT, Mexico [City]. To [William MACLURE].

1 p.

Replies to enquiry about foreigners holding houses. Endorsement reads: "Answered by M. Raldhiemer [?] the 30 January 1829.

Transcription on microfilm.


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I.19.4

829 Jan. 31

J[oel] R. POINSETT, Mexico [City]. To [William] MACLURE, Jalapa, [Mexico].

2 pp.

Asks Maclure to enquire into the condition of "Stanley the black man", who ran away to Jalapa and became ill there.


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I.19.5

1829 Feb. 7

James McCARTNEY, Mexico [City]. To [William] MACLURE, Jalapa, [Mexico].

2 pp.

McCartney is a distant relative of Maclure. He offers his hospitality should Maclure visit Mexico City.


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I.19.6

1829 Feb. 13

John M. CAMPBELL, of Taylor, Fauntleroy & Co., New Harmony. To Joseph FAUNTLEROY, Philadelphia.

2 pp.

Discusses business transactions.


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I.19.7

1829 Feb. 19

J[ean] DUCLOS and [Joseph] FRETAGEOT, Paris. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony.

2 pp.

In French.


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I.19.8

1829 Feb. 25

Frederic MONTGOMERY, Vera Cruz, [Mexico]. To William MACLURE, Jalapa, Mexico.

3 pp.

Discusses business and politics. The sloop of war "Fairy" is waiting to take Mr. Owen to New Orleans.


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I.19.9

1829 Feb. 29

M[ary] CARROLL, New Orleans. To William MACLURE. care of the Hon bl M r Poinset, Mexico [City].

2 pp.

Has sent small box for Maclure to Vera Cruz, and will send another upon receiving notice of his safe arrival. Miss Carroll has not been very successful in obtaining subscribers for the Sylva. She is winding up her business. She could not obtain boys from the asylum. The endorsement reads: "Answered 28 March 1828", but Maclure has docketed the letter 29 February 1829, which is the date its writer uses.


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I.19.10

1829 Mar. 3

Ja[me]s OGILVIE & Co., New Orleans. To W[illia]m MACLURE, [Mexico].

1 p.


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I.19.11

1829 Mar. 4

John BOWRING, London. To William MACLURE, Mexico.

2 pp.

Maclure's letter of 21 Dec. from Vera Cruz has been received and printed. Will welcome further communications. Endorsement reads: "Answered 11 August 1830 per Miss Carrol [sic] New Orleans."


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1829 Mar. 6

William G. TAYLOR, New Harmony. To Joseph FAUNTLEROY, Philadelphia.

2 pp.

Discusses business.


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I.19.13

1829 Mar. 13

Charles BIRKBECK, Morelia [Mexico]. To W[illia]m MACLURE, [Jalapa ?], Mexico.

3 pp.

Enquires about friends in New Harmony and Illinois, and tells of his own experiences since arriving in Mexico.


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I.19.14

1829 Mar. 28

W[illia]m M[ACLURE], Mexico. To Le Count [sic] LASTERIR, Paris.

2 pp.

Tells of his school at New Harmony.

Transcription on microfilm.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

April - October 1829

Folder 20

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 9 Nov., 1951


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I.20.1

1829 May 24

George ROBERTSON, 20 Calle del Arquillo, [Jalapa ?, Mexico]. To W[illia]. MACLURE,18 Calle Cabena, [Jalapa ? Mexico].

2 pp.


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I.20.3

1829 [ca. May]

M[ary] CARROLL, [New Orleans]. To William MACLURE, Care of Hon ble Mr Poinsett, Mexico.

4 pp.

Letter is not dated, but internal evidence shows that it was written some time after Mar. 28, and Maclure's endorsement reads: "Answered 18 July 1829."


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I.20.4

1829 June 1

George W. ERVING, Boston [Massachusetts]. To William MACLURE, care of His Excellency J. R. Poinsett Minister United States at Mexico.

3 pp.

"Answered 19 September to Washington car[e] of Colo Bomfort [?] 1829."


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I.20.5

1829 June 12

Pierre [Lazars] DUCLOS, Victor [Constantin] DUCLOS, and M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, New Harmony. To. [Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon [France].

2 pp.

In French.

Pierre Duclos apparently wrote the first letter, although his brother's name also appears in the signature. Mme. Fretageot's letter begins at the bottom of p. 1.


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I.20.6

1829 July 18

Ja[me]s OGILVIE & Co., New Orleans. To W[illia]m MACLURE, [care of] Hon J. R. Poinsett, Mexico.

1 p.

Forwards two letters and requests payment of $100 to cover balance.


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I.20.7

1829 July 25

W[illia]m G. TAYLOR, (per L. G. Taylor), Amos CLARK, L. G. TAYLOR, and H. B. TAYLOR, New Harmony. To Joseph BUTLER and Robert H. FAUNTLEROY, New Harmony.

2 pp.

Discusses plan to set value on some goods in dispute.


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I.20.8

1829 Aug. 6

[Monsieur] DUCHÊNE, Paris. To [Marie D. FRETAGEOT], New Harmony.

1 p.

In French.

Letter addressed on reverse to "William Maclure New Harmony Indiana", but the salutation reads: "Madame" and the letter was apparently written to Mme. Fretageot.


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I.20.9

1829 Aug. 10

[Madame] DUCLOS, [Lyon, France]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony.

2 pp.

In French.


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I.20.10

1829 Aug. 10

[Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon [France]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.20.11

1829 Oct. 12

A[ndrew] B. SPENCE, Philadelphia. To William MACLURE, care of Messrs. Stone cullen & Co., Vera Cruz, [Mexico].

3 pp.

Headed "duplicate". Discusses business. "Answered 22 Decem r 1829 & 13 January 1830."


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I.20.11

1829 Oct. 23

Charles BIRKBECK, Cuastula Amilpac, [Mexico]. W[illia]m MACLURE, [jalapa], Mexico.

3 pp.


I.21.1

NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

November -December 1829

Folder 21

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 9 Nov., 1951


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1829 Nov. 2

M[ary] CARROLL, New Orleans. To[Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony.

3 pp.


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I.21.2

1829 Nov. 7

M[ary] CARROLL, New Orleans. To William MACLURE, Calle Cadana, N o 18, Mexico [City].

4 pp.

"Answered 23 January 1830 fr[om] Tampico."


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I.21.3

1829 [Dec.] 15

[F. A.] ISMAR, New Orleans. To William MACLURE, Calle Cadena No. 18, Mexico [City].

4 pp.

Catalogue entry revised and corrected by Arthur E. Bestor., Jr.,17 Dec. 1951, too late to be included on the microfilm.

The date is clearly written "Nouvelle Orleans 15 Novembre 1829." and the month is repeated in a sentence which reads: "Je suis parti avec le Correo le 3 Novembre et arrive ici le 14 soir." Despite these statements, the letter must have been written in December, for reasons given below. The facts that Maclure docketed the letter 15 November 1829, and mentions having received a letter from Ismar of this date from New Orleans ( see I.M.23.2½) do not corroborate the date given in Ismar's dateline, for these references are obviously based on that dateline.

This letter was obviously written by Ismar on his way from Mexico to New Harmony. He refers to experiences in Tampico en route, and he speaks of New Harmony in the future tense. Now he left Maclure in Mexico City on 13 Nov. 1829 ( see IM.22.10), he wrote him from Real del Monte, just outside Mexico City on 16 Nov. 1829 ( I.21.4), and from Tampico on 27 Nov. 1829 ( I.21.6). He had reached New Harmony by 6 Jan. 1830, according to a letter of that date from Mme. Fretageot ( IM.23.1), and he himself wrote Maclure from there on 16 Jan. 1830 ( I.22.4). There is no possible conclusion other than that he was in New Orleans in December not November. Moreover some of the conversations reported in this letter were reported by Ismar to Mme. Fretageot and embodied in her letter of 6 Jan. 1830, already cited ( IM23.1).

The present letter is endorsed by Maclure: "Answered 23s Januy 1830 fr[om] Tampico" ― a consistent date had the original been mailed in December.


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I.21.4

1829 Nov. 16

F. A. ISHMAR, Real del Monte. To William MACLURE, Calle Cadena N o 18, Mexico [City].

1 p.

In French.

Penciled note under address reads: "Received late at night 28 th Nov r."


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I.21.5

1829 Nov. 26

Oliver EVANS, New Harmony. To William MACLURE, [Mexico].

4 pp.

Evans wishes to surrender the property purchased from Maclure.

Transcript on microfilm.


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I.21.6

1829 Nov. 27

[F.A.] ISHMAR, Tampico de Tamaulipas, [Mexico]. To William MACLURE, Calle Cadena N o 18, Mexico [City].

3 pp.

In French.


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I.21.7

1829 Dec. 25

G[eorge] W. ERVING, Washington, [D.C.]. To William MACLURE, Care of Mr. Poinsett American Minister, Mexico.

5 pp.(On two sheets).


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I.21.8

1829 Dec. 26

[Jean] DUCLOS, Lyon, [France]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.21.9

1829 Dec. 30

James RICHARDSON, New Orleans. To William MACLURE City of Mexico.

3 pp.

"Answered 10 th April 1830."


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I.21.10

1829

J[oel] R. POINSETT, [Mexico]. To [William] MCCLURE [sic, i.e., MACLURE], [Mexico].

1 p.

Docketed in Maclure's hand "J. R. Poinsett, Mexico in 1829."


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

January - February 1830

Folder 22

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 9 Nov., 1951


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I.22.1

[1830] Jan. 3

Frances WRIGHT, New Orleans. To William MACLURE Mexico.

4 pp.

Misdated by the writer 1829. Endorsed by Maclure, "Answered 10 April 1830." The letter year is correct (see W. R. Waterman, Frances Wright, p. 131]. Docketed by Maclure, "Dr. Richardson, 3 January 1830." There is no other indication that any part of the letter was written by James Richardson, who had, however, written Maclure from New Orleans a few days earlier ( see I.21.9, above).

Transcription on microfilm.


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I.22.2

1830 Jan. 3

[Joseph] FRETAGEOT, [France]. To [Marie D.] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony.

4 pp.

In French.

Postmarked 5 janv. 1830.


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I.22.3

1830 Jan. 6

George ROBERTSON, Tacubaya, [Mexico]. To [William] MACLURE, 18 Calle Cadena,[Mexico City].

1 p.

Introduces Phillip Jones.


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I.22.4

1830 Jan. 16

[F. A.] ISMAR, New Harmony. To [William] MACLURE, Calle Cadena N o 18, Mexico [City].

4 pp.

In French.


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I.22.5

[1830 ca. Jan. 16]

[Monsieur] DUCHÊNE, [France]. To [Marie D. FRETAGEOT],New Harmony.

4 pp.

In French.

The letter is addressed to "Monsieur Willams [sic] Maclure", but the salutation reads "Madame" and the letter is obviously to Mme. Fretageot. A postscript asks her to give his regards to Maclure. The letter is postmarked "16 Janv 1830" and "New-York, Feb. 23".


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I.22.6

1830 Jan.20

W. TAYLOR, Vera Cruz, [Mexico]. To Guiler[mo] S. PARROTT, Mexico [City].

1 p.

The letter introduces [William P.] Bennett, who wishes to be directed to Maclure's home.


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I.22.6½

1830 Jan.

James BENNETT, Mount Vernon, [Indiana]. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, New Harmony.

1 p.


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I.22.7

1830 Feb. 12

Rob[er]t N. SOMMERVILLE, Greensburgh. To William MACLURE, Mexico [City], Republic of Mexico.

2. pp.

Requests information about settling in Mexico. "Answered 17 Apr. 1830".


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I.22.8

1830 Feb. 13

Geo[rge] R. ROBERTSON, Tampico, [Mexico]. To William MACLURE, [Mexico City].

1 p.


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I.22.9

1830 Feb. 13

W[illia]m TAYLOR, Vera Cruz, [Mexico]. To W[illia]m McCLURE, [sic, i.e., MACLURE], [care of] Guill[erm]o S. Parrott, Mexico [City].

2 pp.


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I.22.10

1830 Feb.14

[F. A.] ISMAR, New Harmony. To [William MACLURE,Mexico City].

5 pp. (On two sheets).

In French.


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I.22.11

1830 Feb. 20

W[illia]m P. BENNETT, Mexico [City]. To M[arie] FRETAGEOT, New Harmony.

2 pp.


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I.22.12

1830 Feb. 20

[William MACLURE], Mexico [City]. To [George W. ERVING], [Washington, D. C.].

3 pp.

This was an answer to Erving's letter of Dec. 25, 1829 [ I.21.7], and was apparently the copy retained by Maclure. It is apparently in the handwriting of William P. Bennett (see I.22.11, above).

Transcription on microfilm.


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I.22.13

1830 Feb. 22 & May 10

Andrew B. SPENCE, Saint Andrews Square near Philadelphia. To William MACLURE, Mexico [City].

3 pp. (In triplicate).

Marked at beginning: "Triplicate". In a postscript, dated May 10, 1830, Spence explains that the original and duplicate of the main letter had been sent previously but, not having heard from Maclure, he fears that both have miscarried.


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I.22.14

1830 Feb. 22 & May 10

Andrew B. SPENCE, Saint Andrews Square, Philadelphia. To William MACLURE, Mexico [City].

4 pp. (In triplicate).

This is another copy of the foregoing letter ( I.22.13) including the postscript, and is also marked "Triplicate". This copy is endorsed: "Answered 1 August 1830."


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I.22.15

1830 Feb. 23

[F. A.] ISMAR, New Harmony. To W[illia]m MACLURE, Calle Cadena N o 18, Mexico [City].

1 p.

In French.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

March - April 1830

Folder 23

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 10 Nov., 1951


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I.23.1

1830 Mar. 2

[Jean] DUCLOS, Lille, [France]. To [Monsieur] BOUCHER, Rue de la calendre N o 34, près le palais de justice, Paris.

2 pp.

In French.

Boucher's answer, dated 4 April 1830, is written at the end of Duclos' letter.


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I.23.2

1830 Mar. 4

[Jean] DUCLOS, Etempes, [France]. To Pier[r]e and Victor DUCLOS, [New Harmony].

1 p.

In French.


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I.23.3

1830 Mar. 4

[Monsieur] Duchêne, Paris. To [Marie D. FRETAGEOT], Victor and Pierre [DUCLOS], [New Harmony].

3 pp.

In French.

The cover is addressed to "Monsieur Willams[sic] Maclure, New Harmony, Indiana", but the salutation of the first letter reads "Madame" and is obviously intended for Mme. Fretageot. Short notes to Victor and Pierre Duclos are written on p. 3.


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I.23.4

1830 Mar. 5

Geo[rge] R. ROBERTSON, Tampico, [Mexico]. To William MACLURE, Mexico [City].

1 p.


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I.23.5

1830 Mar. 5

George [R.] ROBERTSON, [Tampico, Mexico]. To [William] MACLURE, 18 Calle Cadena, [Mexico City].

3 p.

Maclure has made notes on his account with Robertson on p. 3.


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1830 Mar. 7

P. G. NEEGER, Guanajunto, [Mexico]. To [William] MACLURE, Mexico [City].

2 pp.

In French.

"Answered 13 March 1830".


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I.23.7

1830 Mar. 8

M[ary] CARROLL, New Orleans. To William MACLURE, care of the American Legation, Mexico [City].

3 pp.

"Answered 24 April 1830".


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I.23.8

1830 Apr. 8

A[nthony] BUTLER, [United States. Legation (Mexico)American Legation, Mexico City], To W[illiam] MACLURE, [Mexico City].

1 p.

Forwards letter opened by mistake.


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I.23.9

1830 APr. 10

W[illia]m MACLURE, [Mexico City]. To F. A. ISMAR, New Harmony.

1 p.

This letter is written on part of a sheet, and the indentations on the cut edge fir exactly those of a letter to Mme. Fretageot ( IM.23.14). It was therefore obviously sent to her to be handed to Ismar.

Transcription on microfilm.


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I.23.10

[1830 ca. Apr. 10]

W[illia]m MACLURE, [Mexico City]. To [F. A.] ISMAR, [New Harmony].

1 p.

Marked "Duplicate". The content of this is the same as in the foregoing letter ( I.23.9), but the phrasing differs. It is on part of a sheet, and probably was sent in a subsequent letter to Mme. Fretageot.


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I.23.11

1830 April 11

M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, New Harmony, Ind[ian]a. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, Cincinnati.

4 pp.

In French.


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I.23.12

1830 Apr. 10

[William MACLURE], Mexico [City]. To Monsieur BOSSANGE père, Libraire, Rue de Richelieu, Paris.

1 p.

In French.

The letter is on part of a sheet. It is not in Maclure's hand, but has been docketed by him: "Copy of a counter order sent to Bossange Père 10 April 1830."


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I.23.13

1830 Apr. 29

James BENNETT, M[oun]t Vernon, I[ndian]a. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, Geo[rge] Town, Kentucky.

3 pp.


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I.23.14

1830 Apr. 30

[F. A.] ISMAR, New Orleans. To William MACLURE Mexico [City].

2 pp.

In French.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

May - August 1830

Folder 24

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 12 Nov., 1951


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I.24.1

1830 May 6

A[lexander] MACLURE, New Harmony. To [William MACLURE], [Mexico City].

4 pp.

The salutation reads: "Dear Brother."

Transcript of p. 3 on microfilm.


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I.24.2

1830 May 16

Madame Guadalupe Sandoval de ESPINO, [Mexico City?]. To Guillermo GREAVES.

1 p.

In Spanish.

Docketed in Maclure's hand.


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I.24.3

1830 May 20

Ja[me]s OGILVIE & Co., New Orleans. To William MACLURE, Mexico [City].

1 p.


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I.24.4

[1830 ca. June 1]

Martha CHASE, [New Harmony]. To William MACLURE, Calle Cadena, Mexico [City].

4 pp.

Undated, but docketed by Maclure, "Martha Chase, 11 June 1830." The MS postmark is, "Harmony, I[ndian]a, June 1."

Transcription on microfilm.


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I.24.5

1830 June 12

Victoria LAPORTE, Cincinnati. To A[chilles] FRETAGEOT, Georgetown, Kentucky.

1 p.


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I.24.6

1830 June 16

M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, New Harmony. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, Georgetown, Kentucky.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.24.7

1830 June 20

James BENNETT, New Harmony. To Achilles [FRETAGEOT] [Georgetown, Kentucky?].

1 p.


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I.24.8

1830 June 23

John BEAL, New Harmony. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, Georgetown, Kentucky.

4 pp.

The end of the letter is written horizontally across p. 1.


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I.24.9

1830 June 25

G. L. LAPORTE, Rue de parlement St. Pierre N o 13, Bordeaux, [France]., To William MARCLURE [sic], Président de l'académie d es sciences naturelles à Philadelphie.

2 pp.

In French.


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I.24.10a

1830 June 26

Geo[rge] R. ROBERTSON, Tampico, [Mexico]. To William MACLURE, [Mexico City].

1 p.


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I.24.10b

1830 29 Juin

[Boussauge père], Paris. To W[illiam] MACLURE, Mexico.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.24.11

1830 July 8

A[llen] WARD, [New] Harmony. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, Georgetown, K[entuck]y.

3 pp.

Transcript of p. 3 on microfilm.


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I.24.12

1830 July 14

M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, New Harmony. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, Georgetown, Kentucky.

4 pp.

In French.


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I.24.12b

1830 July 24

F.A. Ismar, New York City. To William Maclure, Calle Cadena No. 18, Mexico [City].

4 pp.

Complains about M. Fretageot's handling of Maclure's affairs in New Harmony.


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I.24.13

1830 Aug. 4

W[illia]m P. BENNETT, Wheeling, [Virginia]. To William MACLURE, Mexico City.

1 p.

Endorsed by Maclure: "Answered to M.D. Fretageot, 15 September 1830.

Transcription on microfilm.


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I.24.14

1830 Aug. 5

Robert Dale OWEN, New York. To Reuben HAINES, Germantown, Pennsylvania.

2 pp.

Owen's signature has been cut out. Encloses the next letter, with the suggestion that the letter be sent to Maclure. The endorsements indicate that Haines sent both to Maclure.


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I.24.15

1830 Aug. 5

R[obert] D[ale] OWEN, New York. To Rueben HAINES, Germantown, [Pennsylvania].

4 pp.

Enclosed in the foregoing letter, ( I.24.14).

Transcript on microfilm.


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I.24.16

1830 Aug. 10

R[obert] D[ale] OWEN, New York. To Rueben HAINES, Germantown, [Pennsylvania].

3 pp.


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I.24.17

[1830 ca. Aug. 10]

[Jean] DUCLOS and [Joseph] FRETAGEOT, [Paris]. To [Marie D. FRETAGEOT], New Harmony, Indiana ― Illinois [sic].

2 pp.

In French.

The MS is addressed to Maclure, but Duclos' salutation, "ma chère soeur", indicates that it was written to Mme. Fretageot. The letters are undated, but a postmark reads: "10 AOUT 1830.


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I.24.18

1830 Aug. 15

James BENNETT, York, Ill[inois]. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, New Harmony.

2 pp.


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I.24.19

1830 Aug. 24

James BENNETT, New Harmony. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, Georgetown, Kentucky.

2 pp.


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I.24.20

1830 Aug. 24

M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, New Harmony. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, Georgetown, Kentucky.

4 pp.

In French.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

September - December 1830

Folder 25

Catalogued by I. C. C. Graham, 12 Nov., 1951


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1830 Sep. 4

R[obert] D[ale] OWEN, New York. To William MACLURE, Mexico [City].

5 pp. (On two sheets).


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I.25.2

1830 Sep. 4

G[eorge] W. ERVING, New York. To William MACLURE, Mexico [City].

6 pp. (On two sheets).


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I.25.3

1830 Sep. 19

James BENNETT, New Harmony. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, George-Town, Kentucky.

2 pp.


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I.25.4

1830 Sep. 23

M[ary] CARROLL, New Orleans. To William MACLURE, Mexico City.

4 pp.

"Answered 15 March 1831."


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I.25.5

1830 Oct. 10

M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, [New] Harmony. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, Georgetown, K[entuck]y.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.25.6

1830 Oct. 18

A[lexander] MACLURE, New Harmony. To William MACLURE, Mexico [City].

3 pp.


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I.25.7

1830 Oct. 24

A[chilles] FRETAGEOT, Georgetown, [Kentucky]. To M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, New Harmony.

3 pp.

In French.


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I.25.8

1830 Nov. 10

Juan de CAÑEDO. To W[illia]m MACLURE Calle de platines N o 6, [Mexico City].

1 p.

In Spanish.


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I.25.9

1830 Nov. 10

Andrew B. SPENCE, Philadel[phia]. To William MACLURE, Vera Cruz, [Mexico].

3 pp.

Part of the sheet, possibly a postscript, has been cut away.


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I.25.10

1830 Nov. 17

Vic[en]te ROCAFUERTE, Mexico [City]. To unnamed correspondent.

2 pp.

Sends permission to enter Mexico to demonstrate the advantages of the railroad.


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I.25.11

1830 Nov. 28

Achilles FRETAGEOT, Georgetown, [Kentucky]. To William MACLURE, Mexico City, Mexico.

3 pp.


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I.25.12

1830 Dec. 3

George ROBERTSON, New York. To unnamed correspondent.

2 pp.

Note at the top of p. 1 says this is an extract from Robertson's letter, which was copied and sent to William Maclure. It is docketed in his hand.


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I.25.13

1830 Dec. 12

Victor NEEF and Balthesur ODERNESSER, near Louisville,[Kentucky]. To William MACLURE, City Mexico.

3 pp.

The letter from Obernesser has a postscript dated 25 January 1831.


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I.25.14

1830 Dec. 30

M[arie] D. FRETAGEOT, New Harmony. To Achilles FRETAGEOT, Georgetown, K[entuck]y.

1 p.

In French.

Forwarded to New Harmony.


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I.25.15

[1830]

Marie LLANOS. To [William MACLURE].

1 p.

In French.

Undated, but docketed in Maclure's hand 1830.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

January - August 1831

Folder 26

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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1831 Jan 1

Erving G[eorge] W., Washington, Jany-1. 1831 To William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

Observations on Robert Owen's ideas and impossibility of his reforms becoming realities; France now contrasted to the Revolutionary days; Maclure's friend Mallet considered him to be a man "curious in revolutions"; British governmental affairs - "we cannot hope to see things go beyond good whiggery"; Maclure's Spanish funds, if ever retrieved, should be put in French francs as he (Erving) is doing; President Jackson's popularity with American masses.


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1831 Jan. 19

Butler, Col. A. , n.p., 19 Jan 1831 to William Maclure, Mexico.

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1831 Jan. 20

Leuba, Peter Henry, Georgetown, Ky. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

4 pp.

Concerning Madame's son Achille [1813-1873] and school matters. He attended Mr. Leuba's institute in Georgetown; he is remembered with affection; regards to Thomas Say.


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1831 Jan. 21

Roberts, J., Clerk, Stephen Girard's Bank, [Philadelphia]. To Madame M[arie] D[uclos] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

4 pp.

Banking affairs; no instructions yet from Mr. Maclure as to her attending to his business.


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1831 Jan. 23

Bakewell, W m W. and Leuba, [Peter] Henry, Georgetown, Ky. To Achilles Fretageot, new Harmony, Ind.

William gives school boy news to former schoolmate; Mr. Leube sends greetings and wishes to have Mr. Say receive his respectful salutations.


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1831 Jan. 29

Judah, Sam[ue]l, Vincennes. To Dear Sir [probably Joseph Fauntleroy- see letter of March 12, 1831 ], [New Harmony, Indiana].

4 pp.

Information about, and advice regarding, the business affairs and law suit of the Taylor, Fauntleroy Company.


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1831 Feb. 12

Roberts, J., Clerk Stephen Girard's Bank, [Philadelphia]. To Madam M[arie] D[uclos] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

Banking affairs.


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1831 Mar. 8

Sexton, Samuel P., New Harmony, Indiana, 8 Mar 1831 to William Maclure, Mexico.

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1831 Mar. 12

Judah, Sam[ue]l, Vincennes. To Jos[eph] Fauntleroy, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Lawsuits of the Taylor, Fauntleroy Company; copy of legal form.


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1831 Mar. 22

Parrott, John, New Orleans, 22 Mar 1831 to William Maclure, Mexico.

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1831 Mar. 31

FauntLeroy, Joseph, New Harmony. To Fred K Rapp, [Economy], [Pa.].

2 pp.

Order for $100.00 worth of yarns for the J. FauntLeroy Company.


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1831 Apr. 15

Beal, John, Memphis. To Achilles Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

Mr. Twigg has brought Beal Achille's letter; sorry to learn his studies are interrupted, but he can make up for it in New Harmony which contains an abundance of materials for study; Beal can do better in Memphis than in N. H.; disappointed in not seeing Mr. [Allen] Ward.


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1831 Apr. 15

Rapp, Fred[eri]k, Economy [Pa,]. To Mess r Faunt. Le. Roy Co., [New Harmony, Indiana].

2 pp.

Invoice and business note on order of March 31, 1831 for yarn; rise in price; R. L. Baker of the Harmony Society is planning to set out for their country shortly.


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1831 Apr. 15

Leuba, [Peter Henry], Georgetown, [Kentucky]. To Achilles Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

Thanks for his letter before the departure to New Orleans; thanks also to M. Sez [Thomas Say] for his letter of introduction to a friend; enclosing a prospectus of his school which Achille may circulate among his friends.


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1831 Apr. 21

Bakewell, W[illiam] W, Cincinnati. To Achilles Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

An engine for attaching to a skiff has been found for him by Mr. [Allen] Ward and Benjamin; his father has an engine factory; Mr. Louba is angry at Henry as usual.


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1831 May 10

Robert, J., Clerk, Stephen Girard Bank, [Philadelphia]. To Madame M[arie] D[uclos] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

4 pp.

Drafts to Allen Ward and Reuben Haines honored; abstract of her account is enclosed.


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1831 June 8

Duclos, [Jean] Nouvelle Orleans. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

4 pp.

M me has refused her brother money to complete the trip, but he has met M. Despieux [?] of Lyon who has helped him out; steamboats to take passengers up the Mississippi and the Black Rivers to Mt. Vernon are available; looking forward to their reunion.


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1831 Apr 19

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Indiana, to William Maclure, Mexico.

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1831 Jun. 10

Duchesne, [?] , Paris. To Madame [Marie] [Duclos] Fretageot,New-Harmony, Etats-unis d'Amerique par la Nouvelle Orleans.

3 pp.

Chides her for a poor correspondent; has not seen Madame's sister for a long time and fears her poor health may be the reason; news of M. Fretageot who is sad over the fact of his losing his means of making his already meagre living; he has told that her brother Jean is planning to join her along with two ladies neither of whom is his wife (whose health would not permit this trip); observations on Jean Duclos' character; political situation not entirely satisfactory; please send news; respects to Maclure.


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1831 Jun. 17

Roberts, J., Clerk Stephen Girard's Bank, [Philadelphia]. To Madame M[arie] D[uclos] Fretageot, New Harmony, Ohio [sic].

2 pp.

Draft for $200.00 to Frederick Rapp charged to her account; reminder that nothing can be charged to Maclure's account without his express direction.


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1831 Jun. 23

Bennett, James, York, Illinois. To Achilles Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Apologies for not having written sooner, but traveling and unsettled conditions prevented it; reaffirms his friendship and esteem for Achilles though he may not have showed it enough when they were schoolmates [in Maclure's School of Industry where Bennett learned the printing trade]; has been offered a good job in the printing business in Terre Haute which he'll probably accept; mentions Mark Penrose and William [Sills?].


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1831 Jul. 17

Maclure, Alexander, new Harmony, Indiana, 17 Jul 1831 to William Maclure, Mexico.

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1831 Jul. 29

Ismar, [Frédéric Auguste], Philadelphia, Pa., 29 Jul 1831 to William Maclure, Mexico.

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1831 Jul. 31

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, 31 Jul 1831 to Reuben Haines, [Philadelphia].

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1831 Aug. 4

Erving, G[eorge] E., Boston. To William Maclure, (Americano de los Estados Unidos) en Mexico.

8 pp.

Erving is in Boston and not Constantinople as Maclure expected; in fact Erving is desirous of only one other mission as envoy - to Paris, where he may go as a private citizen if he is not officially appointed by our government; comments on European political affairs; in answer to Maclure's contemplations on the progress of societies, Erving tends to care less about others and more about himself; being disgusted and enraged at follies, extravagances, violations of reason that everywhere prevail; even in America men are quarreling and menacing civil war; the coming election and Andrew Jackson's chance for another term (whose champion Erving is); his own work campaigning for Crawford for vice president; PS#1 since Maclure has told him that he intends to leave the mass of his fortune to educational areas, Erving outlines his own educational philosophy: strong mathematical studies, eliminate priesthood, train children of the poor; advises Maclure to set up whole affair in his lifetime so that it will be formed according to his intentions; PS#2 the evils of banking; interest in the social and political setup of Central America.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

September - December 1831

Folder 27

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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1831 Sep. 2

Carroll, M[ary], New Orleans. To William McClure [sic], City of Mexico.

Hasn't heard directly from him for a long time; present demand for works in Spanish not great, although she thinks an advertising paper for the Mexican trade gratuitously delivered might be successful; would like a set of the 1829 Disseminator; she and Maclure hold differing opinions as to means not results; her principle of life is based on theory that no action can be moral which requires to be concealed; she hears news of him from people going to and from Mexico; a paragraph of questions re Texas concludes letter.


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1831 Sep. 4

Owen, W[ill]iam, [New Harmony, Indiana]. [To Messrs Joseph Fauntleroy & Co., New Harmony.]

3 pp.

Proposal to Fauntleroy for settling suits arising out of the Taylor, Fauntleroy Company trouble; will pay $8000 for the South lot with its appurtenances and tubs that are now in the distillery.


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1831 Sep. 9

Duclos [Marie Desirie] I[sidore], Paris. To Madame Marie Duclos Fretageot, Monsieur William Maclure, New Harmony, Indiana, United States.

3 pp.

Letter from her sister-in-law [wife of Jean]; M. Fretageot has been unable to give her news of Madame nor of her children [Victor and Pierre].she describes her sadness over her husband leaving her to go to America; if news were forthcoming she'd feel less unhappy.

A note from Fretageot who is taking advantage of Mme Duclos' letter to tell Madame that he is at same house awaiting other orders; will write when he knows outcome.


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1831 Sep. 10

A. Lesueur, New Harmony, Indiana, 10 Sep 1831 to William Maclure, Mexico.

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1831 Sep. 16

Edward Ledward, Liverpool, England, 16 Sep 1831, to William Maclure, Mexico.

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1831 Oct. 3

Duclos [Jean], New Harmony. To W[illia]m Maclure, Esq. , Vera Cruz, Mexico.

4 pp.

He came to N.H. with Maclure's consent; has found much confusion and disorder, and particularly Allen Ward's activities who, having taken over Maclure's home, belongings, and even bed, behaves as the master - all with his sister's Mme F.'s knowledge and consent; in a confrontation with her, she flew into a rage, declaring that if he chose to cause trouble he should leave; this he first decided to do, but on reflection changed his mind, thereby preferring to remain in order to look after Maclure's interests; on informing his sister, her anger culminated in orders for him to remove himself from the house; he awaits Maclure's word and suggests that Maclure's presence is badly needed to suppress these outrages.


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1831 Oct. 3

Bennett, W[illia]m P., New Orleans. To William Maclure, Mexico City.

3 pp.

He and Mark Penrose have been obliged to abandon the scheme of taking their railway to Mexico because of lack of business; however, he found people convinced of the superiority of railways over canals; should Maclure be interested, they can send him the locomotive with directions for a mechanic to set up; his most recent news of N.H. is six weeks old; printer has almost 100 pages of Maclure's book on politicals ready; Penrose is working at shoemaking and Bennett has an engineer's situation on the river at $35,00 per month.


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1831 Oct. 10

John Burton, New Harmony, Indiana, 10 Oct 1831, to William Maclure, Mexico.

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1831 Oct. 18

Roberts, J., Clerk, Stephen Girard Banker Coy. To Madam[Marie] De Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

The statement of her account is included; Mr. [Reuben] Haines wishes her to know that he has no funds of Mr. Maclure's at present.


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1831 Oct. 19

Spence, Andrew B., Philadelphia [???]. To William Maclure, Care of Don Guilleamo S. Parrott de como. Mexico P Congress.

4 pp.

Has melancholy duty to announce sudden decease of Reuben Haines; he will act as agent until Maclure appoints someone else.

Note by Maclure: answered Dec. 21, 1831 advising that Samuel W. Carpenter had been made his agent, and that Thomas Say was to be allowed to draw out certain monies.

Inner pages: "Statistical table of Europe in 1823" population figures, etc. in Maclure's hand.


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1831Oct. 19

Spence, Andrew B., Philadelphia [???]. To William Maclure Esq.,Care of Peter Cullen, Vera Cruz [scratched out], Mexico, pr Lavinier.

3 pp.

Marked "duplicate" by Spence - message same as previous letter.


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1831 Oct. 30

Bennett, James, York, Illinois. To Achilles Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

Apologizes for long silence which was due to his absence; had taken a 200 mile trip up the Wabash with a load of apples with the idea of getting employment, without success; has wished himself back in N.H. often because of his friend Achilles.


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1831 Nov. 6

Fretageot, M[arie] D[uclos], Mount Vernon. To Achilles Fretageot, [New Harmony].

4 pp.

She is still in Mt. Vernon awaiting a steamboat; impatience with wait is making her fever return; behave well, stay with Mr. Say and Lucy; because it is possible she may go to France she won't see him for 6 months and she wants to "glory" in her son; donts be lazy and make the sacrifices necessary to render her happy; use as models of deportment the fine people by whom he is surrounded; send the letters from Maclure to her in Paris c/o M me d'Aubigny who will return them to her forthwith if she doesn't go abroad after all; study well and become neither an old infant nor a man without talent; mind Mr. Say; help Lucy learn French; she'll be a sister to him and he a brother to her.


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1831 Nov. 14

Alexander Maclure, New Harmony, Indiana, 14 Nov 1831, to William Maclure, Mexico.

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1831 Nov. 19

[Bennett, William], Steamer Argus. To Madam M[arie] D[uclos], New Harmony, Ind.

3 pp.

Scheme of going to Mexico with railway has failed; Penrose in New Orleans doing shoemaking; he is on this steamer working as an engineer; engine stored at New Orleans; signed "With esteem your Booby William".


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1831 Nov. 23

[Fretageot, Marie Duclos], and Elizabeth Willig, Philadelphia. To Achille Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Arrived in poor health, but the Willigs have given her much attention; she is going to France for the sake of her health; write to her often and to Mr. Maclure regularly; Elizabeth wishes to thank him for the small present,

Elizabeth pleased to be remembered by him; his mother left yesterday for New York and will return in May; sends her compliments to Mrs. Say.


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1831 Nov. 28

M. Elizabeth Willig, Philadelphia, Pa., 28 Nov 1831 to Mme. Fretageot,

n.p. Also note regarding money.


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1831 Nov. 30

[Bennett, William], Steamer Argus. To Achilles F. [sic] Fretageot, New Harmony la.

3 pp.

Apologies for scrawled letter sent to Achille's mother [see Nov. 19, 1831 and Oct. 3, 1831 to Maclure]; difficulty of putting on Railway show; ended up broke in New Orleans; Penrose's chances of getting a situation on a plantation are good because of his steady habits; Bennett himself is interested in Steam.


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1831 Dec. 1-24

Fretageot, M[arie] D[uclos]. To Achilles Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana via New York.

4 pp.

Daily happenings aboard the packet; the crew of a deserted schooner picked up; gale causes discomfort but Frenchmen aboard are very courteous and kind; from 9 th to 17 th rough weather; a voluminous library aboard, and so she spends much time reading Scott's novels, etc.; one gentleman aboard owns a fleet of vessels engaged in the slave trade; he tells many anecdotes since he knows all the black kings of the coast of Africa; the 20 th brings beautiful weather; water changing color and will enter Channel; please write her about events and people at home; arrives [24 th?] after tide trouble; will write him from Paris in a week.


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1831 Dec. 1 & 12

Vaux, George, Ex. of R. Haines, Philadelphia. To William Maclure, City of Mexico.

4 pp.

Both letters concerned with business affairs, particularly relating to the death of Reuben Haines and appointment by Maclure of another agent; p. 2 lists debits and credits.

Note by Maclure to effect that this letter was answered through Samuel Carpenter 10 March 1832 and 12 April, 1832.


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1831 Dec. 23

H.B. Dean, Mt. Vernon, Indiana, 23 Dec 1831, to William Maclure, Mexico.

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1831 Dec. 23

H.B. Dean, Mt. Vernon, Indiana, 23 Dec 1831, to William Maclure, Mexico.

In English and French.

Economy in education―-2 essays.

Place and date, Oct. 31, appear at end.


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1831 Dec. 27

Owen, William [New Harmony]. To Mess rs J. Fauntleroy & Co, [New Harmony].

6 pp.

Gives background of legal troubles over the financial affairs of the Taylor, Fauntleroy Company and the Joseph Fauntleroy & Company; he is entirely convinced that moral right is on his side; regrets to see two families engage in a legal struggle which could be riunous to both; proposes a compromise both parties can accept; where each may carry burden equally (even though the offer is made at the expense of one half of his property); p. 3 specific proposals spelled out.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

January - February 1832

Folder 28

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1832 Jan. 1-8

Fretageot, M[arie] D[uclos], Paris. To Achilles Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

4 pp.

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.

Arrival in Paris coincides with annual New Year's celebration; charming and warm reception received at the D'Aubignys', who may leave France for America because of political situation; to call on Fafayette next Thursday; cannot express pleasure at seeing her friends after ten years in a foreign country where friendship has been "hardly nominal" except for Mr. Maclure - "for him I would undergo any privation to my feelings"; now her feelings, which have been corked up for so long make her heart feel as if it were 25 years old; M. Duschesne is the same affectionate friend who has made it possible for her to live comfortably in her own apartment; despite the plainness of her clothes she can match, to her pleasant surprise, those of the Frenchwomen who seem amused with her "gothic manners" and take her to be English; Achille is to write to Maclure and to her; she is deeply concerned about her brother's behavior especially so since her French friends are "convinced that his brains are not right"; if he encounters his uncle, he is to keep his distance; let Mr. Say read this if necessary; her intention is to return in spring; her health better here; "Paris is good to my nerves;" political conditions in Europe such that it is likely to be plunged into war by spring; "Happy country where you live! There the [partner'] dissension are but a trifle to compare to these here".


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1832 Jan. 3

Owen, W[illia]m, [New Harmony]. To Joseph Fauntleroy, Present,[New Harmony].

2 pp.

On his return from Grayville he received Fauntleroy's letter of the 28 th which he'll answer promptly and briefly because F. seems to have misconceived meaning of William's Dec. 27 th letter and then enlarge on when he has more leisure [see 5 January ]; how does Fauntleroy want him to handle old customers?


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1832 Jan. 5

Owen, W[illia]m, [new Harmony]. To Joseph Fauntleroy, Present, [New Harmony].

9 pp.

Will try to clear several misconceptions; he originally connected himself with the Taylor company unwillingly, and only at his father's urgent request; he did not knowingly and intendingly go into a contract on the South lot which would relinquish his security; Amos Clark's role in this matter questionable; court proceedings; poor state of Joseph Fauntleroy & Co.'s accounts; simple statement made; Clark & Taylor to be rid of; recapitulation of old agreement to show Fauntleroy that William's and family's losses have actually been; they already have, and stand to lose more than Fauntleroy unless the matter is concluded satisfactorily.


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1832 Jan. 5

Fretageot, Achilles, New Harmony, and Thomas & Lucy Say. To Madam [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, A Madame D'Aubigni, Rue des Jeuneurs N o 11 A Paris en France, Pour Remettre...

4 pp.

Achille received his mother's letters all at once; the Says are very kind and he is contented except for a small difficulty about his horse; James Bennett has returned and is working in the printing office; brother Jean Duclos is discontented, quarrelsome, and has withdrawn entirely from the household table with his boys.

Say sends news of the businesses, store accounts, etc.; renters and tenants are being difficult; crops poor; fences need mending; "Col. Carr writes that he has shipped the trees to N. Orleans, and when they shall be planted to the best of my knowledge" [golden raintrees?] ran short of ink and "Kellogg was obliged to peddle prints to Vincennes where he gets a supply"; N.H. needs a book binder and artist to make wood cuts; same news of Duclos as Achille's.

Lucy Say pleased to have word of family and friends, especially to know of her mother's attitude toward Lucy's "residence in the proscribed place"; "Richard is to build in the hills back or rather to the east of the Vineyard - R.D. purposes to return next autumn (report says with a wife) and build near the labyrinth - it is also thought [?torn] Miss Wright will return here to reside ― "; much social activity but Says "as usual have declined attending"; Duclos situation is disagreeable - she doesn't like how he treats the mother (Catherine) and daughter.

Say continues on back: visits their house in garden daily and looking forward to occupying it in tranquillity; business and property changes - "Mr. Beal has purchased the house in which he resides on the hill" ― "I think R.D.O. intends to get up a school here and ultimately to print and publish the Free Enquirer here"; no. 4 of the Conchology coming up; scientists with whom he is corresponding; Dr. Muller of Economy, Dr. Morton of Philadelphia, T.D. Harris of Massachusetts.


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1832 Jan. 8

Owen, W[illia]m, [New Harmony]. To Joseph Fauntleroy, Present, [New Harmony].

2 pp.

Long letters don't please him either, but the system didn't originate with him; simply put - offer for South Lot is the same - $8000 besides the mortgage of $1000; doubts wisdom of showing Amos Clark parts of his previous letter; list of claims against company.


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1832 Jan. 14

Owen, W[illia]m, [New Harmony]. To Joseph Fauntleroy, Present, [New Harmony].

2 pp.

Fauntleroy seems to have misunderstood Owen's proposal on the South Lot; further explanation.


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1832 Jan. 24

Say, Thomas, New Harmony, and Lucy, Achille Fretageot, Allen Ward. To Madam M[arie] D[uclos] Fretageot, [Philadelphia?].

4 pp.

Say is conveying to Madame some of the main points (mainly business) in Maclure's letters, recently received: names a number of booksellers from whom she may purchase books; may have $3000-$5000 to spend; "...you pick out as large a lot of their books [the stalls] as you want, adding up all the prices they put on them and make an offer of ½ or ⅔ of what they demand; Maclure suggests that she bring home both a manufacturer of Mother of Pearl buttons and an engraver if they can be obtained; Say would so like to be where she is to consult museums and libraries, but he must instead "attend to the troubles and perplexities that seem to thicken here"; M. Duclos continues ever unpleasant and threatens action against Maclure; his women companions, Catherine and Mariette, are on wages.

Achille also informs his mother of her brother Duclos' actions; he too, fears a lawsuit against Maclure; Duclos has forbidden his two sons [Victor and Pierre] to even talk to him, their cousin; her absence is very painful to him and he longs for her return; Mr. Kellogg is away selling engravings; Achille asks her to buy him a watch; his advice is not to buy much merchandise in France as things are not good economically here.

Allen says weather has been so severe it has been possible to work only about ¼ of the time; however, he expects to get the mill in operation this week; has been unable to get any money from William Owen, and is thus in debt; corn rents have been poor.

Lucy would like Madame to make some purchases for her: a box of paints, coloured crayons like M. LeSueur's, brushes suitable for colouring, flower seeds suitable to climate - tulips, tuberose, double hyacinths, and a few cactuses - "you know my passion for all these things."


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1832 Jan. 15

Bennett, W[illiam]P., New Orleans. To William Maclure, President of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, (Mexico).

4 pp.

Recounts his and Penrose's failure with the railway, not because of mismanagement but rather because others had preceded them; he and Penrose are willing to bring the railway and steam carriage down to Mexico by mule if Maclure is willing the further risk; a local friend wishes to have Maclure's opinion on the setting up a dairy farm on the order of Owen Sheidans' [?], rail-roads getting as common as turnpikes - "Steam carriages will be running on the Pontchar-train Railway in about a month."


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1832 Jan. 15

Générat [?], Lyon. To Monsieur Boucher Rue de Bossuet [?] N o 2 pres L'archèveché, Paris.

2 pp.

Background on loan of money made to M. Jean Duclos.


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1832 Jan. 19

D'Aubigny, M. I [?] Bnne [Baronne] [Paris]. To Madame M[arie] D[uclos] Fretageot, Rue d'anjou (St. Honoré) No. 13., Paris.

Is writing this note to Madame since no word has yet come from her, and she fears having missed her visit; a dinner invitation.


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1832 Jan. 25

Owen, W[illia]m, N. Harmony, Ind. To J[oseph] Fauntleroy, Present, [New Harmony].

3 pp.

It seems obvious to Owen that Fauntleroy does not intend to accept his compromise proposal on the settlement of the Company affairs; Having suffered a loss once he doesn't wish to lose again in the present settlemant with Fauntleroy.


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1832 Jan. 28

Owen, W[illia]m, [New Harmony]. To J[oseph] Fauntleroy, Present, [New Harmony].

4 pp.

Owen perceives no probability of any adjustment of matters between them without the intervention of other persons; to this end he suggests: Mr. Howk as Owen's counsel and Mr. Judah for Fauntleroy, and Major Dewie [?] who has the reputation of being the very best lawyer in Indiana and a man of the first respectability", and personally known to both of them as arbitor; Judge Wattles is involved as well; best to moderate than to pay court fees.


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1832 Feb. 2

O[wen], W[illiam], [New Harmony]. Proposition for arbitration.

2 pp.

Proposal for arbitrating legal differences between Joseph Fauntleroy & Co. and himself.


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1832 Feb. 2

O[wen], W[illiam], [New Harmony]. Proposition for arbitration - copy.

2 pp.

Copy of proposal for arbitrating legal differences between Joseph Fauntleroy & Co. and himself. [Wording slightly different, plus added note; handwriting not that of William Owen].


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1832 Feb. 2

[Owen, William], [New Harmony]. Proposition for arbitration.

2 pp.

Proposal for arbitrating legal differences between Joseph Fauntleroy & Co. and himself. [A third version of same subject; handwriting that of William Owen].


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1832 Feb. 2, 3, 4,

Maclure, Alexander, Tan yard near New Harmony, and Thomas Say. To William Maclure, Mess rs McCartney , Ledward & Co., Mexico, For W m Maclure.

4 pp.

Comments on status of the Estate of Maclure & Robertson; since R.D.O.'s return he has been selling off property in the "Outlands": to John Beale[sic] 10 acres on top of the hill east of the road to Springfield for $15.00 an acre plus log buildings which Mr. Beal has put in excellent condition; down the hill from Beal and including the Vine Yard, apple and peach orchards he has sold to Leichtenberger 30 acres at $20.00 each, good spot for a distillery; also several town lots; it is said he intends to marry a young lady from New York; has contracted to build a large home near the Labyrinth; Richard, too is building a brick home and will turn farmer though he has tried several other activities and given them up; R.D.'s idea is to sell property to "industrious culvators on such terms as the people can affors to pay for them"; only improvement on Maclure's properties is the distillery run by Ward; recommends that his brother engage in lawsuits to recover bad debts in the store run by Madame and Achille; "if therefore Madame must have a Store would it not be better that it should be carried on in her own name...rather than your name should be bandied about...as the Prosecutor of scores of individuals for petty Debts"; comments on the wealth and will of the financier Stephan Girard and his school for orphans; a loan to brother would be appreciated; would Maclure like a map of N.H. and environs?

Thomas Say gives word of Mr. Tiebout's critical illness; M. Duclos is being extremely difficult and is threatening law suits and Say is anxious to have orders from Maclure on how to proceed; "A more disagreeable or a meaner man I think I never met with..."; "...really is evident some compensation is due him, notwithstanding all his crooked ways"; Lucy has colored 2450 impressions this winter with the help of Henry Tiebout.


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1832 Feb. 5

Boullangier, [?], Paris. To Monsieur Duchêsne, Chef des bureaux de l'instruction publique., Rue Grenelle, ?? No. 116.

2 pp.

In French.

Answering Duchesne's inquires regarding a certain M. Frederic DuClozel who died 8 or 9 years ago.


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1832 Feb. 10

Littel, E, Philadelphia. To William Maclure, Esquire, Mexico.

Has 90 copies of Say's three volume Entomology which sold at $5.00 a volume; since Say would like to have them, he is willing to sell at $2.45 each; should Maclure wish an agent in Philadelphia, Littell is available.


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1832 Feb. 14

Owen, Robert Dale, New Harmony. To William Maclure, Mess rs McCartney, Ledward & Co, Mexico. For W m Maclure.

4 pp.

Request from R.D.O. as one of Trustees of Frances Wright's Nashoba others were General Lafayette, William Maclure, Robert Owen, Cadwallader Colden, Richesson Whitby, Robert Jennings, George Flower, James Richardson, to assist her in selling her property and signing a quit claim deed; she is still in Paris but likely to return to the U.S. in a year or so.


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1832 Feb. 20

Say, Thomas, New Harmony, and Lucy S. Say, Achille Fretageot, & Allen Ward. To M me M[arie] D[uclos] Fretageot, Madame D'Aubigni Rue des Jeuneurs No. 11, Paris en France.

4 pp.

Say sends list of publications he wishes purchased; someone broke into their house and made off with his dissecting instruments, case of mycroscopic glasses and his spectacles; if any naturalists are willing to exchange shells with him for fine Wabash bivalves, he will be agreeable; J. Duclos has entered the suit at Mt. Vernon; printing going forward at a great rate; Kellogg is peddling prints and Judge Wattles is about to do the same.

Lucy mentions brother Horace's marriage.

Achille informs her of Mr. Tiebout's serious illness, probably due to consumption and hard whiskey; urges her again not to buy goods for the store as they will not get their money back "for the people about here are all getting ruined with drinking and gambling.."; brother and his children are still their enemies; reminder of his wish for a silver patent lever watch.

Ward bring Madame up to date on his business affairs and problem; chides her for not having him one line; lonely here as he's never found any associates.


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1832 Feb. 22

Judah, Samuel, Vincennes. To Joseph Fauntleroy, Esq., [New Harmony].

2 pp.

Because of court date conflicts he cannot be present in Posey County; he objects to both Mayor Dewey and Mr. Howk because they would not have impartial opinions; he suggest Law [?] in place of Dewey and the third to be left to them.


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1832 Feb. 25

Duhamel, [?], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Paris.

2 pp.

Arrangements in connection with M. Fretageot's concerns.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

March - May 1832

Folder 29

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1832 Mar. 1

Erving, G[eorge] W., Washington. To William Maclure, Citizen of the United States, Mexico.

6 pp.

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott.

He and Maclure will always agree on what should be the civil institutions of social man, but not on the probabilty of Man's achieving them; so-called civilization, which Erving considers demoralization, is responsible; the happiest state of society is where the best moral order exists; even in this country there is a constant struggle to keep from going the "way of all flesh"; "apres moi le Deluge" is pretty good French philosophy to him although he realizes Maclure lives "more in futurity" than he does; "...whether one picks up stones all over Europe, as you formerly did; or teaches the 'young ideas how to shoot' and what is certainly better, their hands to work as you now do; the occupation is not only rational but laudable!..'; everywhere the'upper orders' of society'...are the least moral and hold wealth, knowledge, and power; Owen's projects are impracticable because "he could only suceed by commencing his colony with infants at the breast"; man is essentually an animal of fear" and thus "he cannot possibly exist in peace and comfort without some sort religion"; battle over tariff could lead to a seperation of the Union; regarding the Bank matter, since the President [Jackson] is against it, it will likely lose; he's tired of Washington and the view of "behind the scenes" disgusts him; may be called on to exercise his trade soon though he has done nothing to further this project; "Genl Jackson will certainly be reelected all opposition of Clay, Calhoun, Antimason, Bank etc. etc. men notwithstanding-on that you may rely.


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1832 Mar. 12

Duhamel, [?], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Paris.

3 pp.

M. Fretageot wishes information from Madame regarding some of his affairs.


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1832 Mar. 16, 19

Duchêne, [?], [Paris]. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Paris.

2 pp.

Concerning books - mentions just receiving some works on "l'histoire naturells" which she may want for her collection.


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1832 Mar. 20

Fretageot, M[arie] D[uclos] and Zédé, Paris. To Achille Fretageot, - addressed to Thomas Say, New Harmony, Indiana, United States America.

2 pp.

Zédé an old friend of his mother's hopes Achille remembers a promenade at the Palais Royale when this friend showed him great love; he hopes, and is assured by the mother, that he is still remembered; he wishes it were possible that Achille might come to France where his friends still care for him.

Madame tells Achille this letter is from one of his old friends, to guard it well and show it to no one; awaiting Say's list of books for purchase; not likely to leave before June; study hard so as not to grow up ignorant, a fine example of which he has in his uncle.


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1832 Mar. 22

Guilbert, [?], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Paris.

2 pp.

Regarding an umbrella he left at her home a few days ago.


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1832 Apr. 2

O[liver?] [?], La Guillatiere. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Paris.

3 pp.

In French.

Frightful things have occurred which she would have averted had she had the power; he has gone into such debt because of her brother that his wife has even had to sell a house in order to meet payments; if Madame intends to make good these losses, he will be greatly obliged.


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1832 Apr. 7

McCafferty, John, Philadelphia. To Achille Fretageot, New Harmony (Indiana).

3 pp.

On his return home from Harmony he found his family all scattered in different directions; Madame's letter to Mr. Andrew Spence carried the news of Miss Fanny Wright's marriage with Phiquepahl [sic], the man Achille lived with; he has tried house carpentry, Mr. Spence's counting house but is now working in printing at the daily morning paper, the Pennsylvania Engineer; recounts narrow escape on boat between Louisville and Cincinnati.


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1832 Apr. 11

Fretageot, [Joseph], L'hospice de la vieillesse hommes - commune de Gentilly pres Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Rue d'Aujon ? Faubourg St. Honoré N o 13, a Paris.

4 pp.

In French.

Wants immediate news of her health as he is very anxious about it; he went to see the man in charge of overseeing the institution to ask him for work, but there is nothing available at the moment.


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1832 Apr. 13

Fretageot, [Joseph], L'hospice de la vieillesses hommes commune de Gentilly. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Rue d'Anjou f bourg St Honoré N o 13 a Paris.

4 pp. On institution stationery.

In French.

Similar to letter of April 11 - he is very concerned for her health and has tried to find out from Duhamel; had he not been afraid to miss her, he would have come to her home.


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1832 Apr. 13

Duchêne, [?], [Paris]. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Rue d'Anjou St Honoré No. 13, Paris.

2 pp.

In French.

He is extremely concerned about her health since he has had no word from her; please let them know that she is well.


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1832 Apr. 15

Maclure, William, [Mexico], 15 Apr 1832, to Achille Fretageot, New Harmony, Ind.

2 pp.


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1832 Apr. 20

Fretageot, [Joseph], Hospice de la vieillesse hommes commune de Gentilly pres Paris. To Madame [Marie] Duclos Fretageot, Rue d'Anjou Faubourg St Honoré N o 13 a Paris.

4 pp.

In French.

His health has been somewhat poor; however, he has had news of her from M. Duchêne; a letter received from Bourg regarding sale of house and the heirs, a matter he wishes settled before her departure; wanted the job of hospital attendant but on being told to bring a letter of recommendation, he didn't return.


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1832 Apr. 16

Austin, George, Cosne (Nieore [?]). To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Paris.

3 pp.

In French.

He asks Madame, whom he does not know, to inform him of the condition of Madame Couture and her family; he fears the possibility of their having been laid low by the rapid growth of the epidemic.


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1832 May 10 and 1833 Apr. 15

Rafinesque, Czonstantine] S., Philadelphia. To William Maclure, City of Maxico.

4 pp.

Two letters, on one sheet, the first being a duplicate copy, and a invoice regarding an order for 3 boxes of botannical specimens and publications; very desirous of having some Mexican plants which he would accept in place of money or else correspondence with Mexican botanists; order was prevented from being filled because of civil war in Mexico and the cholera; publications and prices mentioned are: Medical flora - $3,00, Flora of Louisiana - $1.00, Annals of Kentucky - 500, Fishes of River Ohio - $1.00, his Atlantic Journal - $2.00; "My Atlantic Journal contains several things on Mexico, the key to the Palenque Inscriptions, the identity of the Mizticas and Gapoticas with the ? Ulmecas! Discoveries of mine"; he would like Maclure to put him in the way of getting vocabularies of all the languages of the Mexican states; plans this year to explore the geology and botany of the Appalachian Mts.


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1832 May [c. 17]

Fretageot, M[arie] D[uclos], [Paris]. To Achille Fretageot and Allen Ward ― addressed to Thomas Say, Esq., New Harmony, Indiana, United States, America.

2 pp.

In French and English.

To Achille:
An old friend, M. Zédé, a high ranking officer in the naval services, would like her to have Achille come to France and be trained for a political life; she is not yet of this opinion; however, he is to study extensively the various countries of the world, stay busy since that is the way to remain happy; she has observed that he does not like hard work, hasn't enough perseverence, etc.; she's thinking of his future; had she a great fortune to pass on to him, it would soon be lost if he were ignorant and lazy; cites the case of a French family where the son ran through his own fortune and now his mother who would rather see him dead than dishonored, has disinherited him; Achille is all that attaches her to life; he has a good heart and he may be obliged to support her in her old age; write to M. Zédé who wishes to give him a watch which she will bring back with her.

To Mr. Ward:
She has not forgotten the esteem he has inspired and wishes him much success in the business; though the season is poor, perseverence, economy and activity should make up for it; her return is delayed until fall; she could not believe how warmly and lovingly she was received by her friends after such long neglect on her part; at first she repelled them for fear the demonstrations of their affection were a deception, but they called her a savage and succeeded in taming her fierceness.


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1832 May 28

Say, Thomas and Achille Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana. To Madame M[arie] D[uclos] Fretageot, Paris.

4 pp.

Informs her that her brother has brought a suit against her for $1662.00 and seized part of the furniture, plus a suit for $787.50 against Maclure alleging that his children have received no education; she must return at once, books and other purchases can be made by an agent; despite all this unpleasantness Say has continued his politeness to M. Duclos despite unpleasant and insulting occurrences; Maclure has been informed; Catherine has quit her job as cook, which leaves only Mariette who is suffering from the ague, necessitating Lucy's neglect of her coloring to do kitchen work; Duclos still in house and bakes the bread and keeps the cider cellar; he appears to garden for the Owens who are seemingly his friends (excepting R.D.O.); Maclure wishes 100 copies of his 8 vol. work sent to Paris; he will include again the list of books he has sent twice before, plus some more he has learned of since; insists again on importance of her return.

List follows similar to that of Feb. 20, 1832 although worded differently and more extensive.

Achille: all greatly disappointed to learn from her March 19 th [20 th] letter of her delayed departure, in light of present conditions, which only she can help "you will not delay a moment you will have to give way to your friendly feelings and return to save the property of your most affectionate and dutiful son".


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1832 May 29

D'aubigny, M. I B nne, Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Chez Madame Very, a Montmorency Enghein.

3 pp.

In French.

She is planning to leave Paris, but Madame may come to occupy their quarters as before; a large dog will be an incorrurtible guard!


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

June - August 1832

Folder 30

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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1832 Jun. 2

Fretageot, [Joseph], hospice de la vieilles hommes commune de Gentilly pres Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Rue d'Anjou Faubourg St Honoré N o 13 a Paris.

4 pp.

In French.

M Duhamel has tried unsuccessfully to reach her numerous times; urges her to see him as there is much to discuss in order to settle the affairs she came expressly to do; she is for him here in France as she was in America, for they see each other as little as though they were strangers; at the homes of their friends she told him she would see him soon and three months have passed and nothing has happened; still hasn't gotten his room, nor a job; a hospital attendant's position required a letter of recommendation.


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1832 Jun. 12

Bennett, William P., New Orleans. To [William Maclure, Mexico].

2 pp.

Letter delayed because of Mexican port blockade; got a job in a dairy to keep from starving; abandoned railway project with great reluctance for he felt it would forward improvements faster by 10 years than by Congress; sold it for $100.00, one half its original cost; Penrose has joined Ward in the distillery in New Harmony; he plans to stay in New Orleans; at Mr. Say's request he has arranged with the Consul to get Lopez and Zavala home; Miss Carroll has disposed of 4 copies of Michaux' works at $30.00.


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1832 Jun. 18

Rich, O , London. To W[illiam] Maclure, Mess rs McCartney Ledward & Co, Mexico.

2 pp. "Duplicate"

He is mortified to learn that scarcely any of his letters have reached Maclure (list included); he has understood that Maclure wanted him to send books only when he "could buy them cheap"; Say's work on shells is wanted in London; Sir James MacKintosh and Jeremy Bentham have both died lately, Dr. Bowring is well and deeply engaged in Politics and Diplomats.


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1832 Jun. c. 19

Fretageot, M[arie] D[uclos], [Paris]. To Achille Fretageot - addressed to Thomas Say Esq., New Harmony, Indiana United States of America.

2 pp.

In French.

She is beginning to find the time long since seeing him; uneasy over his lack of useful work for fear it will cause trouble; her French friends, who have both power and money, feel he should come to France, but she feels he is still too young; meanwhile he is not engaging in proper activities with the people from whom he can learn, and bad habits are difficult to overcome; laziness is the most powerful of all obstacles; lack of honesty and ignorance render a precarious and unhappy existence; tell Ward she will write him next time, and that she hopes he will have much success.


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1832 Jun. 25 & Aug. 16

Leger, P [?], Harve. To Madame M[arie] D[uclos] Fretageot, Chez M. Zédé maitre des requêtes au Conseil d'êtat, rue des St. Pères N o 20 fg. St Germain, Paris.

2 letters, the first being a duplicate, sent to Madame requesting her wishes regarding shipment of the dictionaries; since 10 cases are involved, it would cost less to ship by water than by lend; awaiting her reply.


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1832 Jul. 3

Zédé, L or E., Paris. To Madame M[arie] D[uclos] Fretageot, Chez Madame D'Aubigny au Chateau de la Guillerie , Par Tillieres.

4 pp.

In French.

Very difficult to confront M. Bossange with Maclures orders, but today he got him in his claws and obtained a positive statement; detailed discussion of pros and cons on a book order; a letter received from an agent at LeHarve concerning 10 cases of dictionaries who awaits orders on methods of shipping; has seen the Duchêne family.

Note from M. Zédé he has informed himself at the Chancellerie regarding Mme D'Aubigny's protégé; reply received unfavorable; it is necessary that this man should begin to submerge his fright for some time [? ideas unclear].


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1832 Jul. 4

Zédé, Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, au Chateau de la Guillerie par Tillière, Eure & Harve.

3 pp.

In French.

Has discussed the matter of the books ordered from Germany by M. Guilbert; prices, uses for collection, etc. considered; professes his friendship for the Baroness d'Aubigny and loves her and her family for her kindness to Madame F. and himself; expressions of affection; all well in his family.


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1832 Jul. 4

Duchêne, ? , Paris. To Madame Marie Duclos Fretageot, chez Mme La Baronne D'Aubigny, poste restante, A Tillieres (Sur avre) Eure.

3 pp.

In French.

He writes - paraphrased
A person of your acquaintance promised me to write and so far nothing has arrived; if it seems strange that I am asking your help on something I can do myself, I can do little and you can do a great deal; I remember another similar situation when the answer was: "Imagine my life in this chateau with fine meals, enjoyable activities proposed by the gentlemen, dinner and strolls in the park - how in the devil do you I would find time to write!" I shall leave it to you to get an answer; everyone here is awaiting your return ― M. Zédé has had word from LeHavre regarding 10 cases of books and needs to know your wishes; I'm charged with the job of getting you to return soon so that we all may be relieved of our anxieties.


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1832 Jul. 7

Duchêne, ?, Paris. To Madame Marie Duclos Fretageot, chez Madame la Baronne D'Aubigny, Poste restante a Tillieres (sur avre) Eure.

4 pp.

In French.

Madame has received a letter from him which doubtless seemed strange; but he was concerned for news of her; all she has said of the delights of life at La Guillerie points to the perfection of her hosts; comments about and messages for other guests; 2 paragraphs that are obscure; news of Paris friends all of whom await her return.


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1832 Jul 18

Zédé, Paris. To Madame Marie Duclos Fretageot, Chateau de la Guilliere pres Tillieres sur havre (Eure).

3 pp.

In French.

That she in her chosen solitude of unsociability should forget about the greatest refinement of our civilization is understandable, but that M me D'Aubigny should ignore bureaucratic habits is not; hence, her lack of compliance has probably resulted in her protege's request ending up as tobacco paper; his advice is to go directly to the top; therefore, ask M me D'Aubigny to go along with the administrative routines and apply again; the cholera epidemic in Paris has developed to an alarming degree, and though neither he nor his close ones have suffered from this horrible illness, they all fear for each other; respects, etc. to the dwellers of La Guilliere; his brother, mother and wife all send her their love and charge him to embrace her - hard to do at such a distance ... especially when one is inclined; many tendernesses.


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1832 Jul 20

Duchêne, [?], [Paris]. To Madame[Marie Duclos] Fretagoet chez Madame la Baronne d'Aubigny, poste restante A Tillieres (sur avre) Eure.

2 pp.

In French.

Concerning some business relating to books for Mr. Say; looking forward to her return.

[inadequate calendaring due to difficulty in reading handwriting].


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1832 Jul. 23

Duchêne, [?], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretagoet, chez M me la Baronne d'Aubigny, Poste restante a Tillieres (sur avre) Eure.

3 pp.

They awaited a letter from her to console them in their afflictions; health passable; she is to be again the recipient of his ignoble handwriting which she has the goodness not to find detestable; [something? concerning book order?]; her letter for Mr. Say to be mailed; they are so happy she is enjoying herself so much among the honorable family; but she must not forget her dear friends who await her speedy return.


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1832 Jul. 30

Say, Thomas, New Harmony. To Madame M[arie] D[uclos] Fretagoet. (or the bookseller to whom she gave a list of books). Care of Madame d Aubigny Rue des Jeuneurs No. 11, Paris, France.

4 pp.

Hers of April 28 has arrived, happy to know she is recovering from the cholera; since she hasn't sent any reply in the matter of Mr. Duclos' suit, he is assuming she will reply in person; suit postponed from August court term to the next; follows a list of books to be added to original list, among these Buvier's Planches de poissons which will be very useful for Mr. Lesueur; mentions some change of domicile in the town; would like some marine shells for Mr. Petit; had shipped 100 copies of Maclure's Opinions, 8 vol. to New Orleans and to be sent on to Le Harve, and 25 copies of the Conchology to O. Rich in London; Ferussac made him a splendid present of his Histoire naturelle des mollusques terrestres et fluviatiles; since he, Achille, Lucy, Ward & Penrose all figure that this letter will arrive in France after her return home they will not write anything; Lucy has colored 5000 plates of the Conchology since Madame left, twice as much as ever before; the 4 th> No. was published in March and the 5 th is colored and ready and waits only on the covers.


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1832 Aug. 3

Duchêne, [?], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, chez Madame la Bnne D'Aubigny, Poste restante, A Tillibres (Sur avre) Eure.

3 pp.

In French.

Waiting impatiently for her letter; concerned about her health; all, including Zédé are well; he can well understand her pleasures in the midst of such a household as the Baronnes'; however, her other friends want word of her too; he has asked her in one of his unanswered letters for a portrait; the Contures are well and have returned to Montmorency.


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1832 Aug. 8

Duchêne, [?], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Chez M me la Baronne D'Aubigny, A Tillières (sur avre) Eure.

3 pp

In French.

He suspects she's malingering in order to stay in those pleasant surroundings longer; a message for M me Malterre; playful comments on her life there; Zédé received the package from M me D'Aubigny, along with the very small token for her; he is very jealous of Duchêne's being of service to her; from her letter to Zédé it seems she doesn't plan to leave before the end of September.


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1832 Aug. 9

Zédé, [Lor E], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Chez Madame D'Aubigny a la Guillerie Par Tillière sur avre.

3 pp.

In French.

Because he thought Madame would be returning from day to day, he hasn't written; news of M. Gauberbiel ?, M me Conture, the Duchênes; since Madame is planning to leave France the last of September, they are expecting her back in Paris early that month; books are enroute; has found a bookbinder (but not an engraver) to go back with her; Madame should have more time to write to her friends; his family is well, his brother is not in and thus won't add a note this time.


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1832 Aug 16

Guilbert, [?], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, rue d'Anjou St Honoré N o 13 Paris.

2 pp.

In French.

He is sending her the address of M. Dejean, the author of the Histoire Naturelle des Papillions et des Insectes; he is working on her list and will report on it as soon as he can.


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1832 Aug. 19

Fretageot, M[arie] D[uclos], Paris. To Achilles Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana, United States America Par le Havre.

4 pp.

In French and English.

By signature and seal she declares again, as she already did in a letter to Mr. Say, that in the matter of her foolish brother's lawsuit, she owns nothing in Harmony - the whole belongs to Mr. Maclure. She has heard from M. Maclure that Achille is being contrary with Say over the matter of a horse; she disapproves of such conduct; he must learn to get along with people with whom he lives without the responsibility of the store, what is he doing with his time?; there is plenty to keep busy if he will look around for it; she will not be leaving for another 3 or 4 months because affairs are holding her there; he hasn't written to her, nor answered M. Zédé's letter; how can he expect to make friends if he won't make the effort to acquire them?; if he loves and wishes to please her, he can prove it by making efforts; that evil man [Duclos] can't be brother to her anymore; this whole business might change her way of life; she has written to Maclure about the matter; she's not too sorry to have to remain in France longer under the present conditions, because she hopes things will be resolved better than expected; when Duclos finds himself disappointed in his wickedness, he will have to leave; she's worried about the children, especially Victor; Achille should try to lighten her absence which will make him learn to assume responsibilities; he must overcome his laziness, do what Mr. Say wishes or needs him to do; tell Mr. Ward that Maclure is pleased with him; she and he will talk much on her return.


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1832 Aug. 23

Say, Thomas, New Harmony. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Madame D'Aubigni, Rue des Jeuneurs No. 11 a Paris France.

3 pp.

He filled ⅔ of a page about Duclos and then destroyed it; this letter probably won't reach her; hasn't been able to find more she requested to be sent to M. Zédé, Lyman Lyons now engraving tolerably well and does all the engraving for the Conchology, keeping up with Lucy's coloring; Beck is binding books; so little business left - that on her return he can leave No. 5, although he's always available for advice; M. Fauntleroy [Joseph] died of a liver disease a few days ago, although he had for some time been undergoing treatment for pulmonary complaint by one of the four local doctors; vol. 5 of the Conchology has been sent off to the subscribers, and the 6 th is in rapid execution; Lesueur has not yet left on his visit to France; General Twigg ran for the Legislature and was defeated by Dick Daniels of Mt. Vernon; the roof of No. 5, the roof walls and a pillar of the Hall, and many of the dwellings - all are in need of extensive repairs; in his opinion, the best way of managing them is to sell them since they will bring more than they cost; they bought Mr. Tiebout's engraving tools from his executors because they were needed for this establishment.

A note to the Bookseller if Madame has left Paris: asks for the 22 nd part of a history of molluscs.

Postscript: Achille and Mr. Ward had intended to add notes but they aren't available and it is time to mail this letter; both well.


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1832 Aug. 31

Couture, C. [Paris]. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Rue des Jeuneurs No. 11 [Paris].

3 pp.

In French.

Each morning brings hope of hearing from her the day ends without its being realized; is someone ill?; she herself?; M me C. hopes a new friend hasn't alienated her; general health of household good; M me Very expects her on Sunday; much affection.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

September - November 1832

Folder 31

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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1832 Sep. 1

[Maltere] Laure [de], [?], le Samedi. To Madame Marie Fretageot, chez M. Couture, Rue d'Anjou St Honoré N o 13, Paris.

4 pp.

In French.

Arrived an hour earlier than necessary at departure point of carriage, thus depriving her of an extra hour with Madame; news of home chit chat; showed Madame's portrait to family; her warm regards to M. Duchêne when she sees him.


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1832 Sep. 3

D'[Aubign]y, Madame M.I. [Baronne], Tillieres Sur Avre, Lundi. To Madame Marie Fretageot, Rue d'Anjou St Honoré No. 3, Paris.

4 pp.

In French.

While Madame was with her daughter Laure de Malterre - see September 1,.1832 letter , she felt less separated from "Mariette"; Madame now with friends in Paris when she will soon be obliged to leave to reunite with closer interests; her daughter Laura felt useful and loved by being of help to Madame; if she remains a little longer, the D'Aubigny's may see her again once more before her Grand Voyage; Laura arrived home in good health and good spirits; she and her children embrace her with much tenderness.


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1832 Sep. 11

[Malterre Laure de], [?] 11. To Madame Marie Fretageot. Chez M me Couture Rue d'Anjou St Honoré N 13 Paris.

4 pp.

In French.

It seems that Madame has to receive two letters before she will answer her anxious friend, who is very impatient to have news of her daily life back in Paris; everything is going well except that she misses her "cavalier Marietta" during her walks in the park; mother's health good.


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1832 Sep. 13

Rapp, Fred[eric]k, Economy, Pennsylvania. To Messr Robt H & Butler Faunt Le Roy, New Harmony.

3 pp.

Received the melancholy intelligence of the death of their brother [Joseph], a loss to both family and firm; since the Harmony Society's concerns are winding-up in Indiana, and their business is mainly carried on in the east, he is not inclined to fill any more orders from the West; the Thomas Anderson Company of Louisville will be the source of supply for Harmonist goods; due to the scarcity of cotton yarns, the price is very high.


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1832 Sep. 14, 19?

Couture, C., Montmorency. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Rue d'Anjou St. Honoré No. 13, Paris.

4 pp.

In French.

M me Very's visit consoled her a little over leaving Mme Fretageot; she admires Madame's fine work; Mme Couture would like Madame to go to her apartment and send her the key to the secretary there at Montmorency and her umbrella; she longs to see her; please forward any letters at the house to her.


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1832 Oct. 1, 2nd

Say, Thomas, New Harmony. To Madame M[arie] D[uclos], Care of Madame D'aubigni, Rue des Jeueurs No. 11, Paris, France.

4 pp.

Receipt of some francs will be useful in helping fight the two law suits of J. Duclos which have now been postponed until February; her declaration that all belongs to Maclure won't hold in court without some legal proof; he has found a letter of Maclure's stating that all things received or in use are for a lifetime only and must revert to the establishment on death, but it contains neither date, direction, or signature and thus useless; Duclos as cross-grained as ever; Achille prefers outdoor work to books; a new society of Thespians has been organized and has produced plays for the Hall; changes in property beneficial to the town have taken place; would like to be in Paris for a few days to supply himself with colors, brushes, and improve himself in coloring, but he has to go to the kitchen to make up some bread; the Conchology has been approved by the critics; he has published a Glossary to it, and will add an Introduction; they have printed a book using 50 of the copper plates which should sell well.

BOOKS: titles of books he wants, including the 1820 volume of the Annales des Sciences Nat. de Bruxelles which contain Rafinesque's essay on the shells of the Ohio.


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1832 Oct. [ca.6]

[Malterre] Laure [de] [?]. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Chez M me Couture, Rue d'Anjou St Honoré 13, Paris.

2 pp.

In French.

The news of cholera in America is disturbing; she wants to know all about Madame's doings; what does she owe her for the needlework destined for a future piece of furniture which will serve as a souvenir of her good friend; still wants to give her a portrait of her mother; pardon poor writing - she's chosen a poor place to write.


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1832 Oct. 25

Fretageot Achille, New Harmony. To Madame [Marie Duclos] A Madame D'aubigni, Rue des Jeuneurs No. 11, a Paris on France; pour remettre a Mme Fretageot.

4 pp.

Her looked for letter arrived with the dreaded news of her prolonged stay; 4 months sound like 4 years!; she should think of the unhappiness of those left behind; Mr. Say has had much unpleasantness over the matter of her brother's suit and the seizure of all property about the house; episode of his mare Diamond and her colt which, when seized, were redeemed by Mr. Sampson. N.H. news: John Wilsey (the tailor) was married to Ann Wattles; Edward Murphy married a young lady from Vincennes by the name of Sophia Johnson; Mrs. Chase has married Richard Owen; deaths include that of Mr. Kellogg's little son and Mr. Tiebout who were buried in same coffin, Mrs. Gex, Mr. Listoberger [Lichtenberger], Mr. Fauntleroy; the cholera has reached this side of Evansville and is already at Mt. Vernon; he is ready and unafraid; re M. Zédé: he remembers a gentleman on an expedition to the Palais Royal - in he the one - please let him know about him; the Owens are against her, as is John Burton who want her brother's security; yesterday was his 19 th birthday.


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1832 Nov. 2

Fretageot, [Joseph] Vieillesses Hommes. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, rue d'anjou St. Honoré N o 13, a Paris.

3 pp.

In French.

A letter from M. Générat is included with this [he says] inviting her to visit; M. Fretageot is also included in the invitation; it would please them all very much; he wishes to see her before her departure either at the home of M. Duhamei or M. Duchêne; he has inquired regarding statue of their affairs.


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1832 Nov. 6

Say, Thomas and Achille Fretageot, New Harmony. To Madame [Marie Duclos] A Monsieur Zédé, Maitre des Requetes au conseil de la Marine, a Paris en France. Pour remettre a Madame Fretageot.

4 pp.

In French.

Say has more disagreeable encounters with Duclos whom Say tried to have legally removed from the house without success; Duclos is claiming that she "absconded and concealed [herself] from him"; her continued absence gives credence to this claim; William Owen acted as Duclos' attorney in the late trial; a list of books wanted; Mr. Ward is leaving in a few weeks to go to his uncle in Philadelphia.

Achille - implores her to return and help to allay the allegations made by her brother; Duclos is prepared to publish a biography of her which he will make as bad as possible and bring injury to them; the Owens take great delight in giving him assistance; he leaves in the morning to go sell prints.


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1832 Nov. 6

Fretageot, [Joseph]. hospice de la vielles homme, commune de Gentilly. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Rue d'Anjou St Honoré N o 13 a Paris.

3 pp.

In French.

Had sent her a letter from M. Genenrat of Lyons; he fears he forgot to write her address properly and that it may be at mail depot where she can claim it; let him know so as to relieve his anxiety; M. Duhamel has as yet heard nothing from Vannel the notary at Montcuelle ? about their affairs.


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1832 Nov. 8, 9?

Zédé [?]. [?]. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, rue Belle-Chasse 16 o 27 ou 29, Paris.

2 pp.

In French.

He is desolate in not having seen her for so long; however, each date he wants, he is daily prevented from so doing; his mother is in Paris with the children; she'd be delighted to see her and it would give him pleasure to know she is in his home; much tenderness.


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1832 Nov. 17

[R?] [?], Bellesme. To Monsieur C.? pere, Rue d'Anjou No. 13, Paris.

[address is that of the Coutures - the name on letter is not that.

3 pp.

In French.

Mainly regarding a proposed marriage between R. /s daughter [?] Victorine and the son of Couture's whom the girl refuses to accept; she prefers to marry Rousset's son if for no one reason than to get out from under her mother's authority.

[inadequate calendaring due to difficulty in reading handwriting - J. M. E.]


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1832 Nov. 18

Fretageot, M[arie] D[uclos] [?]. To Monsieur [? a bookdealer, ?].

2 pp.

In French.

A list of books desired by Mr. Say.


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1832 Nov. 20

Malterre, Madame Laure de, Tillieres-sur-avre. To Madame Marie [Duclos] Fretageot, Chez M me Coutre, Rue d'Anjou St Honoré No. 13, Paris.

6 pp.

In French.

Madame's letter has inspired her to write; enchanted by the 6 armchairs [needlepoint?] given her by her "traveling companion"; it seems to her that Madame's proposed detour to Mexico to see M. Maglaure [sic] (only because he hasn't received her letters) is too hazardous unless entirely necessary - and besides he hasn't sent for her; it seems to Laure that it would be better if Madame returned home to look after his affairs; Madame's latest letter left Laure sad and concerned about her health; be sure to consult doctor before trip; her husband involved in business affairs; the "American" painter still there; an allusion to A. -Achille - who, "for this reason" - [?] might be better off in America; what does Laure owe her for the needlework?; hopes for a letter; many tendernesses.


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1832 Nov. 21

Say, Thomas and Lucy W., New Harmony. To Madame [Marie Duclos], A Madame D'Aubigni, Rue des Jeuneurs N? 11, A Paris en France, Pour remettre a M dme Fretageot.

4 pp.

Unfortunately her saying the furniture is not hers carries no legal weight; more positive evidence required; Maclure refuses to involve himself in a family matter; M me d'Aubigni's receipt would be very helpful; Duclos, still in the house with them, seems determined to stay until she returns; Maclure wants her to order a list of books in English from O. Rich in London; [book titles and comments follow]; has just received a letter from O. Rich saying that a number of books wanted are on their way -[list of titles follows]; would like an exchange of marine shells with a naturalist there; cholera at Evansville; mentions famous foreign naturalist visiting [Maximilian, Prinz zu Wied Neuwied]; William Owen has informed him that R.D.O. will be here this fall, and "Miss Wright and her family will return in the Spring, and make this their permanent residence;" corn crop injured; Oliver Evans has paid pretty well.

Lucy: has had wool spun to knit the winter socks; she has also cut and fitted the boys' winter clothes and finished them all by herself.


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1832 Nov. 27

Fretageot. M[arie] D[uclos], Paris. To Achille [Fretageot], [New Harmony].

4 pp.

Still no news from him; difficult for her to explain to her friends; she has his interests in mind and if she remains away longer (she won't arrive until spring), it's to his advantage; she fears his laziness and lack of interest in study; he should learn English, French and Spanish; he has to learn in order to make something of himself; and look after her in her old age; take his uncle as an example of choosing the wrong way; Health good.


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1832 Nov. ?

[R?] [?] Bellesme, le [?]. To Madame [?] [ Marie Duclos Fretageot?] ?

5 pp.

In French.

Sorry to know that her husband's health is still the same; if she thinks that coming to this beautiful countryside would help, he will be glad to find accommodations, either a room or small house, on the edge of Bellesme or at St. Martin close by; heating (wood), food, laundry, all are reasonable here; local chit chat and comments about mutual friends.

[Inadequate calendaring due to difficulty in reading handwriting.]


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

December 1832

Folder 32

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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1832 Dec. 1

Fretageot, [Joseph], [?]. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Rue d'Anjou St Honoré N o 13 a Paris.

3 pp.

In French.

Her sister has told him she is leaving next week; he has written to M. Duhamel to say that they will be at his home on Monday to write the letter for Générat to see M. Vanel, the notary at Mont ?, in order that their affairs regarding the inheritance may be settled; please be there.


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1832 Dec. 4

D'[Aubign]y, [Madame] M. I. [Baronne], [Tillieres sur-avre?]. To Madame Marie [Duclos] Fretageot], [Paris].

4 pp.

In French.

She hopes the weather will impede Madame's departure at least until her return to Paris; she approves wholeheartedly of Madame's going to seek advice from Maclure in Mexico; he is a man of honor who has her interests at heart; because of the Baronness' interest in Madame, she is trying to learn all she can about her new country; she urges her to conserve her independence, and not be taken in by what a young man scarcely out of his infancy expresses of sentiment; warns her not to tie herself down to any commitment or take an irrevocable path; when they were together she asked no questions and will ask none now, wanting to know only what Mariette wants her to know; poor Laure! she fears for the independence of her character for there is none for a woman who is wife and mother.


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1832 [Dec.] 8

Malterre, madame [Laure] de [?], le Samedi. To Madame Marie Fretageot, Rue de Belle Chasse 29, f.b. St Germain, Paris.

4 pp.

In French.

Disappointed in not have received the armchairs long since expected; hopes to see Madame before her departure for America to embrace her and thank her for the presents; M. de Malterre has had little success in a business affair; hasn't been able to convince her mother [the Baroness d'Aubigny] to have her portrait made; the artist M Hesse [?] has done her sisters, Oliver, and Paul in watercolors; regarding the "grande affaire", it would be best to consult Mr. Maglaure [sic]; in waiting, the death of the father might occur which make things easier; otherwise A. [Achille] is best brought up in the U.S. rather than France; are there cholera cases in Paris?; remarks on politics and foreign affairs; her mother joins her in expressions of friendship.

Postmarked December.


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1832 Dec. 12

D'Aubigny, M Ie [Baronne], Tillières sur-avre. To Madame Marie [Duclos] Fretageot, Rue du Belle Chasse No. 29, Paris.

3 pp.

In French.

Please let her know her date of departure as she wishes to get to Paris before then; everyone is well - all 6 adults and 3 children; she hopes the bad weather will delay her leaving.


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1832 Dec. 14

Eyries, Alex, Havre. To Monsieur [sic] M[arie] D[uclos] Fretageot, Rue Belle Chasse N o 29 a Paris.

Has shipped off a box of books to Thomas Say at New Harmony as per "his order, by way of New Orleans; mention of ship and its accommodations for passengers; one doesn't run greater risk in winter than in summer, and sometimes the length of trip is shorter in winter because of the winds.


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1832 Dec. 16

D'[aubign]y, M. [Ie] [Baronne], Tillières sur-avre. To Madame Marie [Duclos] Fretageot, Rue de Belle Chasse No. 29 f.b. St G., Paris.

3 pp.

In French.

It will be complicated and difficult for Madame to cross to Paris but since it is so near Madame's departure, the Baroness would like her to come for dinner at her Paris residence; advises her to flee from the yellow fever as the cholera gave her enough pain; expressions of tendernesses and friendship.


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1832 Sep. 19 [Dec]

Malterre, L[aure] de, [?]. To Madame Marie Fretageot, Rue de Belle Chasse No. 29, Paris.

2 pp.

In French.

Invitation to spend Friday evening and Saturday morning with her and Saturday evening and Sunday with her mother; brother will also be there.


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1832 Dec. 26

Farine, [?], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Alex drè Eyriès, Pour remettre a Madame Fretageot, Au Havre.

4 pp.

In French.

Expressions of love and friendship for their cousin.


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1832 Dec. 27

Duchêne, [?], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Messieurs Eyriès (Alèx dre) Negociant au Havre pour remittre a Made Fretageot.

3 pp.

In French.

Received her letter with the sad goodbyes; episode of cousin - Duchêne cannot arrange this matter and has sent him to M. Zédé whose authority covers the area of the school in question; has not yet called on Madame de Malterre; M. Zédé has treated Achille like a spoiled child; with the winds holding up the departure of the vessel she may be able to write again to her sad friends.


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1832 Dec. 28

McFadin, J., Mt. Vernon. To R H & B Fauntleroy, New Harmony, Ind.

2 pp.

Details on price of salt - 98 for 50 Ibs. of salt.


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1832 Dec. 29

Farine jeune [Junior], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, Alèxdre Eyriès pour remettre a Madame Fretageot, Au Havre.

3 pp.

In French.

Thanks her for her letter from Le Havre; M. Duchêne can do nothing for his protege because its outside his field of operation; suggestion to try M. Zédé; he hopes she will arrive in her savage country quickly and then return to live in Paris with her cousins and her friends who love her dearly; tenderness and love for his beloved cousin.


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1832 Dec. 30

Eyriés, Alex, Havre. To Adous Frères, Vera Cruz.

Letter of introduction to this firm of merchants; he asks them to extend their kindnesses to Madame who is going to Mexice as a passenger on the packet Universal.


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1832 Dec. 22

Duchêne. To William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

In French.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

January - September 1833

Folder 33

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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1833 Jan. 24

Smith, William, Philadelphia. To [Thomas Say, New Harmony?].

2 pp.

Mr. Smith is requesting this information be sent to Mr. Maclure in Mexico; details of a law suit in the Estate of Gavin Hamilton of Philadelphia.

Endorsed by Maclure - answered 30 March 1833.


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1833 Apr. 10

Erving, G[eorge] W., Boston. To William Maclure - in Mexico.

4 pp.

Spent over 13 months in Washington living in fear of cholera, which he fortunately escaped although many friends died in the epidemic; he leaves in a few days for Paris - since he has no family and the President [Jackson] has not nominated him to any mission suitable to him, he may as well take his Ease in Paris and watch the European "drama" unfold; comments on American political affairs; the tariff law and "Enforcement Bill". "Nulification", the rights of a state to secede, the Bank matter, complimentary remarks about Jackson; Maclure's activities in Mexico which should be an agreeable country for a philosopher; as for himself, he's getting more indifferent as he grows older and wants to live out the rest of his life among a small circle of Parisian friends; the Duchess de Berri and the Carliste Party; marriage of Phiquepal and Miss Wright; prophecies that Madame Fretageot will never return to his service; the Treasury fire and consequences thereof.

Endorsed by Maclure - answered July, 1833; also a note listed the names of M. Guilbert, the Parisian bookseller, Zédé and Duchêne and their titles.


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1833 Apr. 19

Duchêne, [?], Paris. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, a New Harmony (Indiana) United States par Le Havre.

In French.

4 pp.

It is 3½ months since she left and all her friends - Zédé, Mme D'Aubigny, and Mme Maltere - are waiting impatiently for word; he had forwarded a letter of Mr. Say's to Mexico in which he had described her brother's bad conduct; they await news of her just as the Jews await their Messiah; he and Mme D'Aubigny have agreed to share any letter received from her; they have feared for her person because of the bad ocean voyage weather; news of France; hopes her arrival in New Harmony restored peace.


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1833 Apr. 20

Anonymous, New York. To Joseph Fauntleroy, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

Before making his hardware purchases, he would do well to contact George Taylor and Company from Birmingham, England, with an office in this city; also some valuable information may be had; "... this in confidence from a friend ."


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1833 April

Fretageot, [Madame Marie Duclos], autobiographical letter of Maclure.

Written in French,

April, 1833.


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1833 May 15

Greaves, Alex[ande]r, New York. Corner of Roosevelt and Chatham Streets. To William Maclure, Esq., Mexico, favor del Senor Egerton.

4 pp.

Wrote Maclure on quitting Texas, from which he went to New Orleans and then to Baltimore, Philadelphia, and now here; still not doing anything useful, but he has faith in God that his soul shall be transplanted to better soil; at New Orleans he renewed his acquaintance with Miss Carroll who is much respected; national affairs; considers Carolinians right in principle (if not in practice) of seeking "to limit the application of federal authority for collecting revenue, to the real wants of the federal institutions"; in Europe, the British and French "must push the other nations out of their present condition"; religious comments.

Endorsed by Maclure - answered 27 July, 1833; also extensive list of other reply dates.


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1833 May 27

Bell Raphael, teacher, New Orleans, La. to William Maclure, Mexico.

3 pp.


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1833 June 7

Maclure, John, New Harmony, Ind. 7 Jun 1833, to William Maclure, Messrs. McCartney, Ledward & Co., Mexico. For William Maclure.

8 pp.


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1833 Aug. 7

Lewis, W & I, Evansville. To R H & B. Fauntleroy, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

Concerning a shortage in the weight of an order for loaf sugar.


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1833 Aug. 29

Duchêne, [?], [Paris] Ministere de L'Instruction publique, Universite de France, 2 e Division [stationery]. To Madame [Marie Duclos] Fretageot, chez M r Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

In French.

Informing her of the shipment of her orders; amount of money available did not cover purchases because prices have greatly increased and he has had much difficulty assembling the articles at reasonable prices; detailed list of articles and prices included, with comments; Maclure's works will not sell well in France because Frenchmen are uninterested in foreign writers; they don't know English and national pride makes them think they are the "Scientists"; in her first letter she wrote of certain intentions toward her brother's children, but nothing has been said since; would very much hope to see this fine man Mr. Maclure for whom he has as much veneration as for the Eternal Father; [?] died before being able to send her the painting she has wanted; his unattended-to-heart condition killed him very suddenly; Zédé family all well; tendernesses and love; postscript contains some details of passage.

[inadequate calendaring due to difficulty in reading handwriting. J. M. E.]


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1833 Sep. 11

Maclure, John, New Harmony, Ind., 11 Sep 1833, to William Maclure, Messrs. McCartney, Ledward & Co., Mexico. For William Maclure.

4 pp.


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1833 Sep. 20

Featherstonhaugh, G[eorge] William, Philadelphia. To William Maclure Esq., Mexico.

4 pp.

Maclure spends his life so quietly that his friends don't hear news frequently enough; Del Rio informed him that when he commanded in the interior of Mexico, Guerrero had been given some geodes by the Indians which contained diamonds; can Maclure verify this story?; he is endeavouring to keep the geological banner flying which Maclure first hoisted; a group has established "a geological society of Pennsylvania" with more enemies than friends, among them the American Philosophical Society; people in this city, though wealthy, seem indifferent and unwilling to support institutions that would honor it; he has "a plan before the government for executing a geological Survey of the United States."

Endorsed by Maclure.


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1833 Sep. 28

Maclure, William Mexico. To Samuel W. Carpenter, Girards Bank, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

4 pp.

Fearing that his several letters from Mexico have not been received, he sends the following instructions: 1) honor the $200.00 draft of Achille Fretageot in New Orleans; 2) allow Thomas Say the monies needed to buy books in the Atlantic towns, books which are now a drug on the European market and will be sold at a sacrifice in the U.S.; 3) settle Raphinesque's [sic] account; 4) observations on booksellers for whom he has a very "indifferent opinion"; 5) write to Duchêne who had introduced Madame to Guilbert the bookseller and state your complaints; inform them that "the half savages in the wilds" know something about book dealing - Guilbert complains that Maclure's 8 vo. doesn't sell, whereas Maclure's nephew tells a different story; he has no confidence in book traders; 6) "some time ago desired you to order Judah Dobsen to send a copy of my 8 vo to President Jackson as the only man in power who was likely to [?] some of my ideas on banking, etc." 7) try to purchase paper better or cheaper than available in western country; 7)consult Mr. Greaves on contents of Maclure's last letter especially concerning the Mexican civil war; 8) obtain books published in favor of the working classes; 9) trusts him and his powers of observation and judgment to give him information on the progress and diffusion of knowledge; 10) countermand an order placed in the name of M. D. Fretageot and use the money to buy stock [?] in the Schullkill [sic] Canal and place in his name; 11) comments on Mexican government and the people of Mexico.Forwarded by Cullen James, Vera Cruz, 3 rd October 1833.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

October - December 1833

Folder 34

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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1833 Oct. 1

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 1 Oct 1833, to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1833 Oct. 7, 9?

Maclure, Margaret, New Harmony, Ind., 7, 9? Oct 1833, to Achille Fretageot, New Harmony Ind.

2 pp.


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1833 Oct. 12

Maclure, William, Vera Cruz, Mexico. To Thomas Say, New Harmony, Indiana. To Henrietta via Mobile forwarded by Cullen James & Co. Vera Cruz.

4 pp.

Combined personal letter and essay for publication - Essay No. 217.

In letter portion Maclure is not interested in a "post mortum reputation"; asks Say to send off some of Maclure's writings along with his own; Say is to try to persuade Achille to come to Mexico, if not to live, at least to visit; he is to handle things at Harmony as though they were his own; he wants Achille to come for two reasons: 1)can do more in Mexico for him than in N. Harmony; 2)"since the loss of his mother who was all I could wish as a companion and nurse in this moraly[sic] corrupt [pubrefaction?] I want about me some one active and young on whom I could depend in case the dotage of age should [crush? me]"; also, he wants the books, etc. ordered for the last 2 years which can best be brought to him personally rather than by undependable mails; more observations on despotism.


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1833 Oct.

Maclure, William, Vera Cruz, Mexico. To Thomas Say, New Harmony,Indiana. To Henrietta via Mobile forwarded by Cullen James & Co., V. Cruz, 31 October 1833.

4 pp.

Combined personal letter and essay for publication - Essay No. 218.

In letter portions Maclure tells Say he is numbering his writings that are intended for publication - "for after taking the trouble to put my ideas on paper my egotism would be disappointed if they were lost and my vanity hurt if they did not appear in their proper turn..."; mails very poor and irregular; Achille is to come to Mexico and bring with him the books ordered - titles are listed; he wants his shoes and other clothes very badly; if Say is bored with Maclure's opinions he should know that they have been formed over a 50 year period; Say is to send 100 copies of the Opinions to various booksellers in Europe; if Achille hasn't left he is to bring 6 copies of Neef's work as he has distributed all he originally brought with him; his sister Anna has written but she has "calumniated the person of all others I esteemed and confided in [Mme. Fretageot]"; conditions of Mexico.


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1833 Nov. 1

Greaves, Alex[ande]r, New York. To William Maclure, City of Mexico, Mexico.

4 pp.

Letter of condolence on death of Mme Fretageot which he heard of through Thomas Say; Greaves says: "...that, as you say, you have suffered a greater loss than ever you did before, in the death of M. D. Fretageot': - it was indeed much to lose a cheerful companion, attentive nurse, kind friend, and disinterested manager, all in one person...I doubt not that the sudden privation of renewed comforts, will have a severe afflication to you;" comfort to be had in God; Greaves is sure of a better existence to come; discussion of Kane matter; Maclure is interested in establishing a School of Industry for the Mexican Indians and a Free Press; at the moment he cannot accept Maclure's invitation to come to Mexico to help with the school because he has "an engagement of private friendship which has taken all my thoughts, much of my time..."; but he wishes to continue to know of the progress of these projects; comments on contemporary scene - "Dr. Beales is about to embark here, with a colonizing expedition for Texas."

Maclure indicates an answer sent Dec. 14, 1833, and numerous others.


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1833 Nov. 2

Maclure, William, Vera Cruz, Mexico. To Thomas Say, New Harmony, Indiana. To ? Pensacola.

4 pp. ink is badly faded and bled through sheet.

Combined personal letter and essay for publication - Essay No. 219.

Having received only three letters from Say in the last 12 months, he fears his correspondence has gone astray, too; so he repeats the requests and instructions included many times before; particularly desirous that the 8 vo. go to Germany where, unlike in France, the words are not everything, and the sum is; Say is to assume all responsibilities of management at Harmony; "that madman Duclos who murdered his sister and most probably will go to jail and only quit it to occupy a cel [sic] in a madhouse nothing can be done for him but his children I have promised their aunt to take care of them if from under control of the maniac their father."

[calendaring inadequate because of difficulty in reading - J.M.E.]


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1833 Nov. 7

Maclure, William, New Orleans, La. 7 Nov 1833, to Thomas Say, New Harmony, Ind.

4 pp.

see transcript in Info. Cabinet.


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1833 Nov. 10

Pooley, John, Loghan, Plant[ation]. To Achille Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana, November 19, Bringiers La.

3 pp.

He is busy working in the sugar cane; if at all possible he will return to Harmony next summer; remarks on current prices.


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1833 Nov. 16

Maclure, William, [Mexico]. To Thomas Say, New Harmony, Indiana.

4pp.

Combined personal letter and essay for publication-Essay No. 230.

Suggests Say should take notes on Maclure's letters as time is too brief to re-read; this way he can answer properly; if Achille is still in N.H., he is to bring book packets with him to Mexico; the essays would be worth Say's reading if he could only think something besides natural history; glad he has an engraver, and thinks he should have a book binder too; book production to be kept cheap so that the working classes he wants to reach might be able to buy them; "be sure you have a copious index to every volume it is a bill of fare every reader has a right to expect from every author to inform him whether it will be worth the trouble of turning over the pages"; "...twice a month will be as often as you can fill the Disseminator with anything worth reading - publish the Silva in anyway you like only remember that cheapness is the end and sole object of our free [?] press - "; Warren's half sheet gazette Maclure had wanted sent to his friends in London, Paris but Say seems not to have paid any attention to this request; Maclure won't complain about Say's lack of answers to his requests, but he is disappointed; regarding Achille; "I cannot for a moment believe he will obstinately refuse both his mothers and my [?] requests nor will can [sic] I be such an enemy to his future happiness as to give him that farm on the Wabash he requires.


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1833 Nov. 24

Jacobs, Dan[ie]l R., New Harmony, and Margaret Maclure. To William Maclure, Mexico (City), Mexico.

4 pp.

Jacobs writes concerning the discomforts his sister Margaret is undergoing in living there in N.H.; asks Maclure's consideration.

Margaret describes how kind the Jacobses are to her; her attempts to be independent aren't easy because she's not accustomed to being alone.

Endorsed by Maclure.


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1833 Oct. 6 or Dec. 6

Duchêne, Paris, 6 Oct. 1833 or 6 Dec 1833, to William Maclure, Messrs. McCartney, Ledward & Co., Mexico. For William Maclure.

4 pp.


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1833 Dec. 10

Zédé, [?]. rue des Bonnes Peres, No. 20 Paris. To William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

In French.

Letter of condolence and commiseration over the death of Mme. Fretageot; all her Parisian friends are shocked and desolate over this loss of a wonderful friend, and none more than himself; Maclure, too, whom she venerated and with whom she shared similar philanthropic ideals, must suffer deeply; some official discussion in regard to Achille: 1) rectification of birth certificate to "joindre le nom de Fretageot à ses prénoms Achille-Emery; 2) since M. Fretageot's means are very modest, Achille might wish to give his usufruct or even the entire French patrimony (which is not large) to his relatives in France thus avoiding possible trouble; Madame had intended Achille to work, particularly in some aspect of Maclure's projects; Zédé wants Achille to know he is always there to be called on; he is always ready and happy to carry out any commission Maclure may wish.

Endorsed by Maclure.

Transcription on microfilm.


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1833 Dec. 15

Barnett, Charles, No. 9 Rue des Saussayes faub. St Honoré, Paris. To William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

Requesting Maclure's help in obtaining a consulate; present place in Venice is not all it had been pictured.


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1833 Dec. 15

Petit, S., chef de bureau au Ministere de la Marine, Paris. To William Maclure, [Mexico].

3 pp.

In French.

While the deeply lamented Mme. Fretageot visited in Paris, she undertook to carry with her a box of his insect collection that she was planning to dispose of with some collection; has Maclure any knowledge of it?; Petit will be happy to return the favor.


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1833 Dec. 20

Fryer, F.A., New Orleans, La., 20 Dec 1833, to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

Death of Mary Carroll, and sale of her books.


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1833 Dec. 23

Say, Thomas and Lucy, New Harmony, Indiana. To Achille Fretageot, New Orleans, to remain in Post Office 'till called for.

3 pp.

Lucy is fulfilling her promise to write him; subjects most of interest to the town are the Christmas Ball and the weddings: Nelson G. Nettleton is to marry Emily Carter Fauntleroywith Caroline Neef and Butler Fauntleroy as attendants; Mark Penrose may soon give up the "life of single-blessessness" also.

Thomas gives news of business affairs; Jacob is looking after the horses, drawing off cider; Lyon is cultivating the corn field, C. More has the orchard on shares; word received that Rapp had had a $100,000 incendiary fire at his woolen mill; consult Barabino about how to get several parcels of books from the late Miss Carroll's shop marked "School of Industry, New Harmony"; good luck on selling his cargo and ship successfully.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

January - June 1834

Folder 35

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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ca. 1833 ca. 1834

Duclos, Mme [M.D.] Isidore, [Paris]. To William Maclure, [Mexico].

3 pp.

In French.

Apologies for her husband's [Jean] behavior; begs Maclure not to take it out on his children; it is her understanding that her children [Victor & Pierre] are not receiving a proper education, a situation she hopes he will rectify.

Endorsed by Maclure.


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ca. 1834

Duclos, Mme [M.D.] Isidore, Paris. To William Maclure, Mexico.

3 pp.

In French.

Expressions of sorrow over death of Mme Fretageot; Madame's care for and education of the boys; now that she's gone, Mme Duclos hopes fervently that Maclure will see to it that they receive a proper education; If Achille is there with Maclure, express her sympathy to him; in his mother's effects he will find a small purse she sent him; as to the 2 watches, Maclure can decide what disposition is to be made of them.


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1834 Jan. 15

Maclure, William, Mexico. To Thomas Say, New Harmony, Indiana, forwarded by Cullan James & Co. in liquidation, Vera Cruz 10 th Febry 1834.

4 pp.

Combined personal letter and essay for publication - Essay No. 224 The foregoing opinions on church and state he has held for too long to alter them, but he realizes that the ignorance around Say may prejudice people against the Disseminator if published; Say to use own Judgement; asks Say to go over his letters of the last three years and have Achille bring things requested; Achille must come if only to pick up things left by his mother , and then he is free to go back to become a farmer raising and fattening cattle on one of the available farms "round the church property"; O. Rich delinquent in letters and books ―"like the mass of our county men likes better to take than give"; Maclure would have liked Greaves to be agent for his Spanish properties, but he is presently engaged in some other office; instructions on sending mail; just to him in his name with no other title as―"...I have been always an admirer of the quaker system of simplicity"; Lopez' mother plagues him to have her son return and hopes he's coming with Achille; remarks on pleasant aspects of Mexico and great improvements occuring in the social system.


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1834 Jan. 29

Maclure, William, Mexico. To Thomas Say, New Harmony, Indiana, forwarded by Cullen James & Co in liquidation.

4 pp.

Combined personal letter and essay for publication - Essay No. 225.

Still no letters from Say; can't understand why only his (Say's) seem to miscarry; he hopes that perhaps Achille can make purchases in New Orleans, for "...at my age time is precious I cannot afford procrastination within myself or in those I depend on the things I ordered were what I wanted and am disappointed in being so long deprived of them"; all he can do is ask again for answers to questions he has asked over the past years; whether Say has ordered Warren's half sheet Gazette sent to his London & Paris friends, whether he can depend on Evans and the Owens paying the interest on their mortgages or what prospects of their paying on the principal, whether R.D. Owen will engage himself with the peddling carts, whether Neef will ? the School of Industry; observations on economic and monetary matters; the peddling carts are their main means for the diffusion of cheap books, [among the poorer classes].


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(1833 Jan. 31 Actually 1834

Erving, George W., Paris. To William Maclure, Esq., Cond o de los Estados Unidos en Mexico.

4 pp.

Received his July letter in Oct (1833)

Money and investment matters - "I have placed my eggs in many baskets"; cannot, like Maclure who is a citizen of the world, make a permanent home in a foreign country; at his age of 64 he is less "locomotive"; "you speak of the advantages which you derive from the Society and care of Mad. Fretageot...we both feel the want of a family...we have had the luxury of a bachelor life till now, - we must take all its inconveniences and privations; - if you have found a subsistute in Mad. F. for the comforts of a family you are very fortunate"; he is going to return home before he is wholly "used up" where there may be some chance of finding a companion; "we must not expect figs from thistles; - and especially not permit our self love to lead us into the Error of supposing that we are loved 'for our fine Eyes'; not surprised by Maclure's being deceived by Mr. P. Phiquepal? who pretended to go along with all Maclure's ideas meanwhile making a dupe of him; Maclure's disappointment in the N. H. projects - has had to give up girl's education; extensive remarks on social and political situation in Europe; asked for Paris post but was turned down; laudatory remarks about Jackson; business with book seller and Mr. Zédé, particularly re his work; Mustn't blame bookseller - " We authors must submit to such disappointments."

Endorsed by Maclure with incorrect date "answered 25 February, 1835 [?].


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1834 Feb. 6

Duchêne, Paris, 6 Feb 1834, to William Maclure, Messrs. McCartney, Ledward & Co., Mexico. For William Maclure.

Two letters, 4 pp. each.

In French.


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1834 Feb. 10

Guilbert, [?], Paris. To Messieurs Maclure & Say, [New Harmony, Indiana?], 10 fevrier, 1834.

4 pp.

In French.

M. Duchesne [sic] has informed him of the misunderstanding over their order of books as purchased by Mme Fretageot, the whole matter being probably due to her death; (follows the list of titles plus comments by Guilbert regarding price, difficulty of acquiring, his commissions, etc.); he rejects the whole idea that he has sent items not ordered, especially since he has Say's own notes; he will return Maclures volumes to M. Duchesne since they don't sell; he regrets that their bad experience with some Frenchmen makes them misjudge those they don't know; hopes they will change their opinion of him in this matter which has outraged him.


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1834 Feb. 12

Maclure, William, Mexico. To Thomas Say, New Harmony, Indiana, for- warded by Cullen James & Co., Vera Cruz, 17th February 1834.

4 pp.

Combined personal letter and essay for publication-Essay No. 226.

Book affairs; Duclos arrived a few days ago, completely destitute, claiming to be Madame's heir since he states 'that Achille was not her son, "complains much of you but more of Lucy has a bad tongue in his head", "fully confirmed the opinion I have often given you that he was mad"; Maclure asks Say to get together any legal papers to counteract all these wild and foundless claims; Duclos' news of N.H.: Ward was sent off by his uncle for being drunk daily; Judge Wattles died; Lesueur is still at N.H.; his sons are in the care of a woman he had brought from France with him; Duclos states Maclure was Madam's principle; he also claims that "Achille was to marry the daughter of Neef."


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1834 Feb. 14

Brantz, Lewis, Collino Nuevo N o 4, [Mexico]. To Sr. Dr. Guilliermo Maclure, 2a Calle Platerosno 6, [Mexico].

2 pp.

He plans to leave on the packet next Friday, and being busy, will be unable to accompany him tomorrow.


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1834 Feb. 29

Maclure, William, [Mexico]. To Thomas Say, New Harmony, Indiana, forwarded by Cullen James & Co. in liquidation, Vera Cruz February 24 [note date discrepancies], 1834.

4 pp.

Combined personal letter and essay for publication-Essay No. 227.

The mad man Duclos in order to make himself as Madame Fretageot's sole inheritor, is claiming that Achille is a bastard, Something Maclure thinks very difficult to prove; Lucy must try to discover whether Madame left a will; the way Achille is behaving it seems "his mother run away with all the wisdom of the family and one would be tempted to believe Duclose ]sic] that he was not her son"; opinions on schools and teaching; he is vain enough to wish to see his essays in print; Duclos has not found any Frenchmen to listen to his story of spite and malice like the Owen Click [sic] in N.H.; Say must try to get legal items together to help fight this mad man and to prove Achille's legitimacy.


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1834 Mar. 5

Maclure, William, Mexico. To Thomas Say, New Harmony, Indiana.

4 pp.

Combined personal letter and essay for publication-Essay No. 228.

Still no letters from Say; did he allow Achille to come down the river in a flatboat with all his books and maybe get swamped?; that madman and murdered Duclose [sic] is trying to get his sister's effects through the French consul; Say must get together every scrap of legal evidence to disprove any of his claims; low opinion of the newspaper form; observations on contemporary scene.


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1834 Mar. 19

Maclure, William, Mexico. To Thomas Say, New Harmony, Indiana, Forwarded to Peter Cullen, Vera Cruz, 24 March 1834.

4 pp.

Combined personal letter and essay for publication-Essay No. 229.

No letters yet; heard two Indians from his school [at N.H.?] were seen at the customs house; Duclose [sic] has filed a suit against him - for what he doesn't know; "he [Duclos] talks of prosecuting for making slaves of his children and as the principal of his sister"; that Maclure cheated him and his sister out of thousands; that he can prove Achille a bastard "which he says he can do by Phiquepal"; get proof from bankers that he supplied Mme with money to run his affairs; Say must prevent Achille's being robbed of his mother's effects by that "consumate villian her brother"; the last letter of his acknowledged by Say was the one containing Essay No. 209 and 20 are unanswered; please send news and answers re Warren's gazette, Owen and Evans mortgages, the seminaries, the printing office, the book orders for the past 3 years, Neef and what he is doing; Zavala and Lopez have returned, leaving Achille in New Orleans 6 weeks ago; Zavala a fine young man; they brought a letter from sister Anna who says Achille is a good farmer; he will "get a good farm in time out of the church lands"; state of land reform in Mexico.


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1834 Mar. ?

Maclure, William, Mexico. To Thomas Say, New Harmony, Indiana, forwarded by Peter Cullen, V. Cruz, 3 rd April, 1834.

2 pp.

Combined personal letter and a portion of Essay No. 230 which is marked out and noted as "printed".

Zavala says that while at N.H. he was in the printing office printing something about insects; from others' letters he learns that Say is "still in existence"; the government wants the two Indian boys (Zavala and Lopez ) to help teach the others; comments on monetary situation; "endeavor to get money for Owens mortgage"; try to convince Evans "to divide his 3 acres into lots and sell them for what they will bring and pay us off part"; lend his brother Alexander what he promised him; things will improve and "there will be more security for life liberty and property than ever they were before"; hopes he has sent some copies of the opinions to Germany; mention made of Maclure hedge osage orange] and asks for seeds of trees and flowering shrubs to Mexico.


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1834 Mar. 22

Bennett, James, New Orleans. To Achilles Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Has been attending to Achille's affairs - has packed and directed the boxes and put the letters in a packet for Vera Cruz; hasn't gotten a situation in an office yet; wishes to know what prospects are in N.H.; mention of brothers John & William; asks Achille to consider him as a good friend even though they've had little quarrels; hopes that when he sees him again, Achille will be settled with the girl he has often mentioned and living happily; Mrs. Peck sends her compliments.


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1834 Mar. 25

Villéveque, Gaissie [?] De, Mexico. To William Maclure, Mexico.

2 pp.

In French.

Please send the two gold watches the late Madame Fretageot intended for her children in N.H.; M. Duclos also mentioned a gold box which Villéveque wishes placed at his disposal also.

Endorsed.


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1834 May 16

Brantz, Lewis. Philadelphia, "16 May 1834, to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1834 Jun 1 & 25

Brantz, Lewis, Philadelphia, "1 Jun 1834 (two letters) and Baltimore, 25 Jun 1834, to William Maclure, Mexico.

Jun 1 4pp and 1 p. Jun 25 2 pp.


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1834 Jun 29

Duchêne, Paris. 29 Jun 1834, to William Maclure, Messrs. McCartney, Leward & Co., Mexico. For William Maclure.

4 pp.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

July - December 1834

Folder 36

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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1834 Jul 10

Duchêne, Paris, 10 Jul 1834, to William Maclure, Mexico.

2 pp.


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1834 Jul. 27

Duchêne, [?], Paris. To [William Maclure], [Mexico].

4 pp.

In French.

Has written several letters; matter of Jean Duclos and his behavior; the pitiable situation of the Duclos boys whose education had in part been neglected by their aunt Mme F., and whose mother implores Maclure not to abandon them; let not their only heritage of their father; book orders.

[inadequate calendaring due to difficulty in reading handwriting - J. M. E.]

Endorsed incorrectly by Maclure and repeated by Mrs. Nora Fretageot.


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1834 Aug. 11

Bennett, W[illia]m P., New Orleans. To Achilles Fretageot, New Harmony (Ind a).

3 pp.

Achille got no letters because William hadn't written any; would like to join in a business enterprise with him but he was left "cleaned out" by Mr. Pease; no vessel for Vera Cruz for two weeks so he will overhaul the boxes and retain the clothing for Achille's winter trip; letter from Maclure can't be found; respects to Mr. Say and tell him that he hasn't yet been able to find a person "likely to answer his purpose. I have made some inquiry and find it will be pretty difficult to get one, as owners do not like to have their slaves go into that country where blacks and whites are on a par"; name of the rose in Lawewncia and the orange is inoculated; price of corn.


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1834 Aug. 14

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 14 Aug 1834, to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1834 Sep. 4

Hall, Sam[ue]l, Princeton, Indiana. To Messers R[obert] & B[utter] Faunt Le Roy, New Harmony, Ind a.

2 pp.

Concerning settlement of an account which he had considered closed; his services were used by William Owen and Joseph Fauntleroy when the cases were settled.


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1834 Sep. 11

Duclos, P[ierre], Louisville. To Achille Fretageot, New harmony (Indiana).

2 pp.

Has received no answers yet to his letters to Achille and Say of last July; he has quit his printing job at Vevay and is now painting scenery for the Louisville Theatre at $8.00 a week; the manager has offered higher wages if he will go with him to New Orleans doing the same work; give Victor this information and let Pierre know what Victor is doing; hopes to return to N.H. in the next year.


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1834 Sep. 18

Erving, Geo[rge] W., Paris. To William Maclure, Mexico.

3 pp.

Has heard just lately of Maclure's grievous loss in the death of Mme. Fretageot; he may possibly wish to return to this part of the world as Mexican internal affairs are retrograde and Spanish affairs greatly improved to the point where Maclure may yet retrieve his lands; Erving himself sold off too soon and lost $12,000 and as livres in Ferinand's loans; he has obtained 12 copies of Maclure's work from Duchesne to distribute gratis to the worthy; Maclure's essays gave him singular satisfaction to read, but like St. John he is preaching in a desert; money is all anyone thinks of, and if old Hickory can't crush that damnable bank, evil days will follow.

Maclure notes that he answered Dec. 27, 1834.


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1834 Oct 1

Brantz, Lewis, Baltimore, Md., "1 Oct 1834, to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1834 Oct 8

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 8 Oct 1834, to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


1834 Oct. 9

Say, Thomas, New Harmony, Indiana. Business note for $300.00 for Alexander Maclure.

Say's signature, written the day before his death, is disportionately large for paper and indicates physical disability.

Pasted in front of Binney's 1858 edition of The Conchology, in the Say section of the vault.


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1834 Oct 14

Maclure, Alexander, and Anna, New Harmony, Ind. 14 Oct 1834, to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1834 Nov 5

Maclure, Alexander, and Anna, New Harmony, Ind., 5 Nov 1834, to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1834 Nov. 10

Hunter, W. Percival, Gottingen, [Scotland], 10 Nov 1834, to William Maclure, Mexico.

6 pp.


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1834 Nov. 29

Brantz, Lewis, Baltimore, Md., 29 Nov 1834 to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1834 Dec. 6

Neef, J[oseph], New Harmony. To William Maclure, [Mexico].

4 pp.

Will try to discuss topics Maclure asked him to discourse on; schools still producing the credulous; the drones still in control of the bee workers and plundering the honey; his opinion on "the discipline of the senses as a foundation of rational instruction" same as it has been since he studied with Pestalozzi; acquisition of knowledge is man's only source for happiness; an ill-educated man is one who depends and acts on beliefs alone; man acts correctly when he acts under the influence of his knowledge; today he begins his 65 th year (born 1770) and other than for a few rheumatic twinges he feels as he did 30 years ago; Pestalozzi's radical ideas of education have been insinuating themselves in this country without people knowing it; Neef plans an address to the governor on the subject of education through the pages of the Disseminator; Neef saw Maclure's essays last summer a year ago when daughter Louisa Evans visited them near Jeffersonville and brought some to have bound for Maclure's sister Anna; he is at N.H. and had come with expectation of taking charge of all the children, but has only a few French scholars; some talk here of establishing a manual labor school with assistance of Maclure; advises him to be very cautious.


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1834 Dec. 8

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 8 Dec 1834 to William Maclure, Mexico.

6 pp.


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1834 Dec. 12

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 12 Dec 1834 to William Maclure, Mexico.

3 pp.

"I shall now be left alone." Sister leaving to visit W m.


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1834 Dec. 30

Say, Lucy W. [Sistare], New York. To William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

Maclure by now acquainted with "the particulars of the philosophical exit" of her "ever to be lamented husband and your most devoted friend"; she is now in New York with her mother, family and friends; regarding her appropriation and disposition of the Entomological cabinet and library belonging to her husband, Say has left it to her judgement and favored the Academy of Natural Sciences at Philadelphia; the letter of thanks from the Academy, as well as many other expressions of condolence and esteem of Say as a scientist, are gratifying, but she finds it very hard to reconcile herself to the loss; she will devote what talent she has "to the advancement of that Science for which he sacrified riches and health;" left N.H. Nov. 27; description of Louisville and Cincinnati, particularly the School of Dr. Lock in the latter city; description of Cincinnati's district schools which are supported by a general tax; this is a city of well-educated people from all over the globe well equipped to combat "the Aristocracy of wealth which is fast pervading our country"; can't tell him much about New York yet as she hasn't been well enough to go out much; Professor Griscom removed to near Boston; more on what interests him later; compliments of the season.

Endorsed by Maclure - "answered 26 March 1835 with an offer of 200$".


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1834 ?? ca. Dec. 8-12, 1834

see last letter of 1834

Neef, Francis Joseph Nichloas, New Harmony, Indiana. To William Maclure, Mexico.

3 pp. portion of letter.

Philosophical discussions on senses, learning, the brain; Maclure's sisters are leaving for Mexico so this letter will be placed in the letter packet; son Victor is superintending the steam mill of son-in-law John Salmon, still unmarried at 30 b.1804; "three of my daughters are married and a fourth is on the eve of being married. So that I shall be left with my old rib and my youngest daughter between 15 and 16 years old" [Anne Eliza b.1819, Louisa Wilhelmina, and Zulina were married by 1834; the fourth, Caroline, b. 1815, was not married until 1837 to David Dale Owen. But other letters in this time group refer to Achille Fretageot's interest in one of Neef's daughters, possibly Caroline. - J.M.E.]; if Maclure wants more details he'll have to get them from his sisters as Neef meddles very little with humdrum domestic details.

Sisters left about Dec. 12 - see Alexander's letter of that date.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

January - May 1835

Folder 37

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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Jan. 7

Say, Lucy W. [Sistare], New York. To Achilles Fretageot, Mexico.

4 pp.

Writing to him in Mexico where she believes he is now, her news of N.H. doings being very sketchy and gotten only from her reading of the Disseminator; her family is all there together; has seen Willegs and Miss Sarah Longstreth; "The opprobrium which formerly existed against N. Harmony still only slumbers when the place is mentioned"; in Cincinnati saw Alexis d'Arusmont who lives with Dr. Price; likes Cincinnati enough to prefer to live there but can't leave her mother; Conchology & Octave will be placed in Mr. Dobson's hands in Philadelphia when weather mitigates; influenza prevails throughout city; very anxious for N.H. news.

Endorsed.


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1835 Jan. 29

Maclure, Alexander, N.H. To William Maclure, Mexico.

8 pp.


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1835 Feb. 10

Ducoing [?], Theodore, Mexico. To William Maclure, Guernaveca.

2 pp.

Business letter re packets and letters and papers received through the mails.

Endorsed by Maclure - answered by Pablo Espinosa 16 Febryare 1836.


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1835 Feb. 10

Maclure, Alexander, N.H. To William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1835 Feb. 13

E[rving] G[eorge] W., Paris. To William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

Had the greatest difficulty reading his latest letter because "Your writing exessively small and crowded, not to say 'careless', - your paper not of the best"; Mme. Duclos called and was exceedingly concerned over the seeming poor quality of her sons' education and blamed Mme. F. bitterly for her neglect; Erving hopes that is not the son Maclure is expecting to take on as his secretary for he won't fill the bill; present strain between U.S. & France due to diplomatic bungling; Jackson's administration a complete triumph; the best thing Maclure has done for his own comfort is to bring his sister from Europe - "I never had much faith in your Madame F. she was evidently in pursuit of her own interest soley, tho certainly a clever woman and one very useful to you"; Obadiah Rich is now Consul at Majorca; Spanish matters may be settled to Maclure's advantage; before Maclure skeleton is sent to N.H. for burial, Erving suggests a post mortem to determine what causes him to expend all his fortune on improving the condition of society; all philanthropists (Franklin, Girard, and others) have their plans go awry after their deaths; Erving considers it self-dupery to establish schools, hospitals, etc. that is society's charge; he plans to spend much on himself and leave the rest to those friends most deserving of it.

Maclure answered May 25, 1835.


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1835 Feb. 16

Beal, John, New Harmony, Indiana. To Achilles Fretageot, care of William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

News of N.H. doings; the weather very severe - 15º to 20º below zero and 8 inches of snow; at Lebanon, N.Y. the mercury congealed in the thermometer; the mare Diamond is fine under the care of Jacob & Mr. Walker; Oliver Evans and others have sued Joe Craddock; Patsy arrived about a month ago and the Batchelors went to housekeeping at No. 5 - Alexander Maclure, Walker, Feverston [?]; Peter is working in the printing office; Kellogg leaving; the town all excited about the new theatrical productions - R.D.O. to play William Tell, and William Owen is to be M. Morbleau; a charter has been granted by the Legislatire for a Colledge; "Robert Fauntleroy talks of starting a cotton factory would like a good piece of pumice stone; respects to the Misses Maclure.

Endorsed by William Maclure.


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1835 Feb. 19

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 19 Feb 1835 to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1835 Feb. 26

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 26 Feb 1835 to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1835 Mar. 6

Maclure, Anna, Jalapa [?]. To William Maclure, Mexico.

2 pp.

Difficulties in getting to him at Vera Cruz; she and sister Margaret will be very happy to be reunited with him.

Endorsed incorrectly.


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1835 Mar. 10

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 10 Mar 1835 to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1835 Mar. 15

Say L[ucy] W., New York. To William Maclure, Mexico, Care of Cross Dick, Vera Cruz.

4 pp.

Extremely severe winter; boxes from N.H. arrived safely, but the large cabinet contained badly mutilated insects, gentlemen of the Academy still have hopes of receiving him in their midst; great bustle in N.Y., although Philadelphia is considered the "great resort of the Western merchants"; indignation there over the Figure Head of Jackson having been placed upon the bow of the Constitution frigate; much anti-Jacksonian sentiment, but she is in favor of him, largely because Say was, too; she is learning to engrave with the intention of helping with the continuation of Say's American Conchology, since this is her only means of supporting herself; Dr. T.W. Harris of Harvard University is interested in republishing Say's works originally published at Harmony; her plan is to have it done by some of the scientific societies at Boston; misgivings as to how liberty is to be achieved in Mexico and the South American countries where the people are so ignorant and the chief magistrates are military chieftains; her love to his sisters - the days in N.H. where she and Thomas were so happy will never be forgotten; remembrance to Achille who is to regard her as a sister.

Endorsed by Maclure.


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[1835 Mar. ?]

Maclure, Ann, Jalapa. To Achille Fretageot, Care of William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp. torn

Tantalizing for the two sisters to be so near their brother and yet not be with him; hope Achille got to journey's end safely; French family very pleasant; she would like to have a Spanish language book so as to learn some sentences for daily use.


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1835 Mar. 30

Fretageot, A[chille] E[mery], Jalapa. To William Maclure, Mexico.

2pp.

Arrived yesterday without being robbed as had happened to the same stage a few days before; is awaiting a vessel and while there is staying at Mr. McCartney's whose establishment is full; is hoping to get away in a few days.

Endorsed by Maclure.


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1835 Apr. 4

Fretageot, A[chille] E[mery], Verz Cruz. To William Maclure, Mexico.

2 pp.

Will sail tomorrow for New Orleans in the columbia, a Mexican schooner belonging to Texas; tell Mr. Henderson that since the English packet sailed two days before Achille's arrival, he destroyed the letter as per his orders; a French frigate, first class, has arrived giving rise to much speculation; sent Mr. [sic] Say's earrings by a gentleman going to N. York; had some difficulty with his passport which was settled by French consul.

Endorsed by Maclure.


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1835 Apr. 23/25?

Fretageot, A[chille] E[mery], New Orleans. To William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

Trip long (13 days) and tedious; market prices extremely high and all his friends, including the Harmony traders, have done very well; cotton and corn, for which there is great foreign demand, very high; coffee sugar 30% higher than past winter; James Bennett married Maria Pooley; Alexander has Patzy and is keeping house; sent off Maclure's various letters; wants his opinion on disposing of all the pianos at Harmony which Achille thinks should be sent up to either Cincinnati or Louisville; anything Achille can do for Maclure will give him satisfaction as he considers himself wholly indebted to him for his future prosperity; with the land Maclure gave him he will never be in want.

Endorsed by Maclure - answered May 19, 1835.


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1835 Apr. 31 May 6

(see over)

Say, Lucy W., Philadelphia. To Achille Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

4 pp.

Hopes he has arrived safely at Harmony "the spot of all others, the most replete with pleasurable as well as painful emotions to us both"; Maclure has allowed her a sum of $200,00 annually in Philadelphia where she is attending to various commissions for W. Maclure particularly in regard to the marble slab for Say's tomb, copper plates, the printing of the Geology with the map of the U.S.; has requested Mr. Dobson to make some lithographic impressions of Thomas Say's likeness painted in 1812; mortal illness of her Mother-in-law with typhus fever; happy over his having received the papers which should completely foil Mr. Duclos from injuring him again; her best love to the Evanses, Neefs, and especially Mr. Beal.


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1835 May 6-7

Say, L[ucy] W., New York. To William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

Deep gratitude for his kindness to her; commissions for him in Philadelphia - periodicals he wants have been sent, the Opinions to be bound and presented to proper individuals and institutions; slowness with which Say's works, and indeed all scientific works, are sold; this in contrast to products of book factories which produce so cheaply; the Code Napolean which Alexander wishes is not completely translated; the marble slab of pure white marble for her husband's grave is in perfect "unison with the character of him whose memory it is intended to perpetuate"; Mr. Dobson has sent him a lithographic print of Say's likeness painted in 1812; transportation to various cities fairly easy and reasonably cheap; city omnibuses a nuisance; "but it is the great influx of low Irish that I am concerned about...they have almost superceded the Negroes, as porters and hackmen and make the most unreasonable demands when opportunity offers. I am almost inclined to think our free suffrage and ready citizenship to foreigners will prove our downfall".

Endorsed by Maclure and answered July 23, 1835.


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1835 May 6

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 6 May 1835 to William Maclure, Mexico

4 pp.


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1835 May 26

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 26 May 1835 to William Maclure, Mexico.

3 pp.


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1835 May 29

Harlan, Richard, Philadelphia. To William Maclure, Mexico.

3 pp.

Thanks from the Geological Society of Pennsylvania for Maclure's favors; they are about to move to new quarters - a special arrangement with the Academy of Natural Sciences - which will have special advantages; they will be pleased to receive all his notes and papers on geology for publication.

Endorsed by Maclure and answered February 7, 1836.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

June - October 1835

Folder 38

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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1835 Jun. 3

Bennett W[illia]m P[enn], Memphis. To Achilles Emery Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

Hurt his ankle while cabling; he is asking 50¢ for the whiskey; William [Broadnus] not satisfactory for the crew.


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1835 Jun. 20

Bennett, W[illiam] P[enn], New Orleans. To Achille Emery Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

Hog prices 7¢ which he will accept and make sale today as the boat is leaking badly; whiskey price has declined so he'll hold for awhile; discharged William Broadnus at Natchez who got so worthless he couldn't stand him.


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1835 Jun. 23

Bennett, W[illia]m P[enn], New Orleans. To Achilles Emery Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Sold hogs for $600.00; still holding whiskey; has held conversation with Pease regarding speculations; love to James and Marie; Mother and Mary fat as coons; Mrs. Pease unwell and homesick.


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1835 Jul. 1-6

Pooley, John, New Orleans. To Achille [Emery] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Feels he has been neglectful about writing, but also his duty though he hasn't much to write about; a bad fire in the city and an iron foundry burned up; two head cooks of Banks Arcade got to quarreling and both ended up dead; has as much milk as he can sell; held off finishing letter until the 6 th so he could tell Achille How they spent July 4 th - the boys got themselves a berrough [pirogue], went to the lake and drank up 8 bottles of champagne which made them very merry; Mr. Pease leaving soon and will stop off at Harmony; respects to John Beal.


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1835 Jul. 5

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 5 Jul 1835, to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1835 Jul. 6

Kellogg, S[imon] W[attles],[New Harmony?]. To A[chille] Fretageot, [New Orleans?].

1 pp.

Accounts and instructions on merchandise.


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1835 Jul. 10

Owen, W[illia]m, New Harmony, Indiana. To Achilles Fretageot, New Orleans, Louisiana.

2 pp.

Requests Achille to inquire into some of his New Orleans accounts.


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1835 Jul. 13

Bennett, W[illia]m Penn, New Orleans. To Achilles E[mery] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

4 pp.

Achille's sanguine hopes for their load will not be realized; got good price for hogs but not enough of them; next time there should be less corn and more hogs; whiskey will probably have to be sold for from 40-43¢; Roger's whiskey is about 5-10% below proof for which he must be held accountable; Lichtenberger's is pretty fair; accounts listed; not yet decided on what to do with the pianos and organ, but probably Cincinnati is best; should Mr. Pease decide not to go into speculation with them, William "will join you with my little means, heart and soul"; messages for Mr. [Alexander] Maclure to whom he is sending cigars by Mr. Pease; requests help for members of his family.


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1835 Jul. 23

Macartney, James, Jalapa, 23 jul 1835, to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1835 Jul. 29

Pease, Lewis, Evensville [sic]. To Achille E[mery] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

Arrived here after leaving New Orleans two weeks ago; planned to stop at Harmony but changed his mind; has several items including letters, and a box of cigars for Mr. A. Maclure; thinks a load of beef cattle would be a good article for fall; let him know.


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1835 Aug. 13

Burroughs, Dr. M., Vera Cruz, 18 Aug 1835, to William Maclure, Mexico.

3 pp.


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1835 Sep. 17

Bennett W[illia]m P[enn], New Orleans. To A[chille] E[mery] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Even depressing news from home is better than no news; account of sickness in Harmony alarming; the fever just commencing in N. 0.; great excitement for last three weeks "caused by some religious fanatics in trying to excite the blacks to insurrection"; last whiskey sold for 35¢; missed Achille so much after departure; hour growing late and milkmen cannot keep late hours.


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1835 Oct. 7

Bennett, W[illia]m P[enn], New Orleans. To A[chille] E[mery] Fretageot New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Concerned over not hearing yet heard from Lewis; cargo at length dispersed at about $1200; detailed accounts later; if Achille doesn't plan to come down by January 1 st please send William views on plans; he believes corn a good investment because "the south has been so taken up with political affairs that they have neglected their crops"; abolition excitement prevails alarmingly and lynching common; market prices about the same.

Endorsed by Fretageot and answered Nov. 10, 1835.


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1835 Oct. 7

Law, John, Vincennes, Ind., 7 Oct 1835, to William Maclure, Mexico.

3 pp.


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1835 Oct. 18

Pease, Lewis, York [Illinois]. To A[chille] E[mery] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Has been to Terre Haute to investigate the matter of buying a boat; no good ones available, so they had better abandon the idea of a load of cows this time; measles has hit the family; prices of products poor; may buy some town lots in Marshall.

Endorsed by Fretageot and answered Oct. 22, 1835.


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1835 Oct. 26

Burroughs, Dr. M., Vera Cruz, 26 Oct 1835, to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


NEW HARMONY CORRESPONDENCE

November - December 1835

Folder 39

Catalogued by Josephine M. Elliott, July 1972.


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1835 Nov. 3

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 3 Nov 1835 to William Maclure, Mexico.

3 pp.


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1835 Nov. 4

Bennett, W[illia]m P[enn], New Orleans. To A[chille] E[mery] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Business affairs; hog prices good - in fact all meat is very scarce and high priced in New Orleans; suggests Achille buy some, feed through winter and then sell if this idea appeals he is to get funds from Lewis Pease; brothers James and Maria arrived.

Endorsed by Achille; answered Dec. 10 and "drew on him for 500 dollars in favor N.C. Nettleton.


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1835 Nov. 5

Say, L[ucy] W., New York. To William Maclure, Mexico, Care of Cullen Burrows & Marhoe, Vera Cruz.

4 pp.

Informs Maclure of the various commissions she has performed at his request; recent illness of his brother Alexander for whom she has such a strong attachment; were it not for the fact of her mother, she would "return to the Woods and contribute as much as possible to his comfort"; titles of some books procured from Mr. Dobson she has sent to him [she mentions Waldie's Circulation Library as already coming to N. H. - there are two volumes in the N.H. State Memorial collection - J.M.E.]; comments on the newspaper; full of party spirit and vituperative statements - "Fanny Wrightism, Tammy-hall, infidelity'"; all this confuses her because for the last 10 or 12 years of her life she lived around other ideas and with her mentor who could elucidate and satisfy her interrogations; description of her visits to the various Fairs with their horticultural and machinery displays, one machine in particular for biscuit baking; has had many small trips in the area; with particular interest in the Academies; her engraving lessons are over and fears the conchology will not be continued although many subscribers are anxious for it; 7 th volume commenced, she was always so absorbed in mechanical end of its publication, her knowledge of the scientific classifications is wanting; B. Say [Thomas' younger brother Benjiman?] informed her of Maclure's donation to the Academy and that Dr. Pickering has gone to N.H. to make the selection.


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1835 Nov. 8

Pease, L[ewis], York, Illinois. To A[chille] E[mery] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

Waiting for him to come up; going to get hogs together but is holding off until price is established at about 3¢; Achille is to inquire about price of salt at the mouth of the river where it may be cheaper.

Endorsed by Achille - answered No. 13, 1835.


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1835 Nov. 21

Pease L[ewis], York, Illinois. To A[chille] e[mery], New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Glad Achille plans to come soon as the weather has turned bad - snow and rising river; pork price still at 3¢; Lewis hasn't heard from William Bennett either; they will need about 50 barrels of salt; buying the farm at Evansville sounds like a good purchase if Achille can get it cheap.

Endorsed by Achille.


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1835 Nov. 24

Say, Lucy W., New York. To William Maclure and Miss [Anna] Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.

Packets very unreliable; letters and books coming with Mr. Montoyo [Silliman's Journal and Waldie's Circulating Library]; Maclure will enjoy meeting Mr. Montoyo; his child's nurse will call on his sister; regrets very much the delay in his packages.

To Miss Maclure; if Lucy knew what she and her sister would find agreeable that is not available in Mexico, she would be happy to favour her; meanwhile she is sending her a set of curls; Mr. Montoyo's little daughter Emily and her nurse will come to call on them; would so love to see them even though it would mean a renewal of her deep grief over death of husband.

Endorsed by Maclure and answered January 10, 1836.


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1835 Nov. 26

Cheyne, William, Mexico. To William Maclure, Esq., Calle de Santa Isabel, Mexico.

2 pp.

Does not know what he owes Maclure for pamphlets ordered from the States.

Endorsed by Maclure.


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1835 Dec. 7

Bennett W[illia]m P[enn], New Orleans. To A[chille] E[mery] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Disappointed over Achille's not coming to N.O. to spend the winter; has had several offers but has made no decision until he hears from him as he prefers Achille as a partner to anyone else; market prices good for everything so far but corn; brief statement of accounts included.

Endorsed by Achille and answered January 6 th.


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1835 Dec. 7

Maclure, Alexander, New Harmony, Ind., 7 Dec 1835 to William Maclure, Mexico.

4 pp.


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1835 Dec. 8

Badollet, john A. Badollet, Vincennes. To A[chille] E[mery] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

2 pp.

The surveyors have marked an island in the Wabash at the place Achille mentioned.


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1835 Dec. 13

Pease L[ewis], York, Illinois. To Achilles E[mery] Fretageot, New Harmony, Indiana.

3 pp.

Had looked anxiously for him the past several weeks; pork much higher; asks him to meet Pease either at Princeton on the 18 th if Achille wishes to go in the pork business, or in Evansville the 19 th or 20 th and they can go together to New Orleans.

Endorsed by Achille.


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1835 Dec. 16 and 1836 Jan. 5

E[rving], G[eorge] W., Paris. To [William Maclure, Maxico].

4 pp.

Maclure's Feb. 25 letter arrived Nov. 23; Duchêne called and gave him Guilbert's receipt to Mme. Fretageot for the 100 copies of Maclure's work; Erving is disposing of them through the good offices of Mr. Bradford, the American Vice Consul, a very worthy man with literary connections; M. Duchêne, a great admirer of Maclure's, has given him a note from an editor friend, (3 Sep. 1835) here enclosed; more complaints about Maclure's handwriting!; from what he can read it would seem that Maclure is continuing to enjoy his "calm and philosophical temper"; had thought his sisters were with him in Mexico but apparently they have returned to Harmony, the cl