Camp mss., 1873-1918
Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
1200 E. Seventh St.
Bloomington, IN 47405-5500
Camp, Walter Mason,
Camp mss., 1873-1918
Materials are in English
Consists of the field notes of Walter
Mason Camp, 1867-1925, engineer, dealing with the Indians and Indian
This collection is open for research.
Born in 1867, Walter Mason Camp was a civil engineer who worked for the railroad and
spent many summers traveling throughout the country interviewing various
participants and survivors of the Indian wars. He died in 1925.
The collection is organized into the following series: I. Articles; II. Field Notes;
III. Photographs; and IV. Maps.
Scope and Content Note
The collection contains thousands of his pencilled notes, mostly on small bits of
paper. The notes arrived in over 80 envelopes and this arrangement has been
Some of the field notes were arranged by topics and include material on Frank Dwight
Baldwin; James Montgomery Bell; Big Horse, Indian; Bozeman expedition, 1874;
Cheyenne Indian wars; Ben Clark, George Crook, George Armstrong Custer; Delaware
Indians; Daniel A. Knipe; Battle of Little Big Horn, 1876; Max Littman; Grant Marsh,
John Martin, Nez Perc' Indian wars; Battle of Rosebud, 1874; Hugh Lenox Scott;
Sundance Creek and Divide; Battle of Washita; Yellow Hair, Indian; Yellowstone
Campaign, 1873. There are also sixty- four envelopes unclassified miscellaneous
Denver Public Library and Brigham Young University Library also received some of
Camp's field notes. A transcript of Camp's field notes from all three institutions
was made by Professor Kenneth Hammer for his book Custer in 76 (Brigham Young
University Press, l976). A copy of the transcript is available for on site use,
however no photocopies will be made without the permission of Professor Hammer.
Included are also four articles--Baldwin Indian Territory Expedition, 1874; General
Baldwin's Scout in Panhandle of Texas, 1874; Indian of Yesterday and Today; How Big
Horse Planned to Massacre Darlington, 1874--and the muster rolls of companies G, H,
I, J, K, L, and M of the 7th regiment, U.S. Cavalry.
In the collection are military maps in an oversized folder, and a group of
The first folder in the box of articles contains a biographical sketch of Walter
Camp, Walter Mason,
Custer, George A. (George
Baldwin, Frank Dwight,
Bell, James M.
Scott, Hugh Lenox,
United States. Army.
Cavalry, 7th --Sources.
United States. Army
Prior arrangements are not necessary before coming to the Library, however,
patrons from out of town are encouraged to communicate with the Library in
advance of their visits to ascertain availability of materials.
Photocopying permitted only with permission of the Curator of Manuscripts, Lilly
[Item], Camp mss., Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.
Processed by Lilly Staff.
General Baldwin's scout in panhandle of Texas, 1874
How Big Horse planned to massacre Darlington
U.S. Cavalry, 7th Regt. rosters for Companies A, B, C, D, E, F
(Transcript pages only. Originals filed in Ellison correspondence, May
U.S. Cavalry, 7th Regt. rosters for Companies G, H, I, K, L,
Little Big Horn, Battle of, 1876, III
Washita, Battle of, and Ben Clark interview on
Information taken from front of envelopes. Names in boldface are
Envelope 2: Killing of Hoover boy by Cheyenne at Lamedeer
Agency; Baker's battlefield, Pease Bottom, Torn Pension, LeForge,
Guerrier, Hancock burning village, Sand
Creek, Lt. Kidder
1915: Battle White Clay
Creek, Slim Butter, Wounded Knee, Indian police, California Joe, Red
Envelope 5: Cheyenne River Reservation, Sept. 1915; Slim
Butter, Wounded Knee about Indian photos, etc.
Envelope 6: Barkley statement of 1874, gold expedition from
Bozeman; odometer on Rosebud River, Sept. 1913; Bozeman expedition,
1874; Custer's camp, night of 6/24; Barkley; Wagon Box
Envelope 8: biographical sketch of John Hunton; biographical
sketch of John Richard; Fort Laramie, June 1918
Envelope 9: Garnett, Yellow Hand, Sioux names, etc.; Pine
Ridge, June 1918
Envelope 10: Misc. interesting if not important; Interior and
Crow Creek, 1917;
Farnham, John Davidson, He Dog (1915);
Envelope 11: Pine Ridge (includes map); chronology of
Kenneth Hammer transcript pp. 282-295; 315-320;
Envelope 13: Gordon's train party of 76 men; Sioux City,
Yankton, Pierre, Mo. River Points, Winnebago, Omaha
Envelope 14: Sappa Creek fight site, Apr. 23, 1875 (includes
map); Inquiries: Omaha, Lincoln, Columbus, Neb., Ainsworth, Neb.,
Grand Island, Neb., Humboldt, Neb., Bern, Kan., Oberlin, Kan., Sappa
Creek, Kan., Ash Hollow
Envelope 33: Misc. inquiries at...St. Paul, Milwaukee; little
Envelope 34: Routes etc. in Wyoming and Montana
Envelope 35: Cheyenne River Reservation; Wounded
Envelope 36: Notes from
about killing of Black Bear by Capt.
H.G. Nickerson's party; Clark's Bridge and over N. Platte,
Envelope 37: Misc. notes...: Cheyenne, Wyo, Ft. Bridges, Salt
Lake City, Denver, Bent's Fort, Sand Creek (includes map), Summit
Envelope 38: Misc. notes and data about several Indian fights
(includes map); also paragraphs for preface of book
Envelope 41: Killing of Sitting Bull; Little Big Horn, Lame
Deer, Sibley Scout, Fetterman, etc.
Envelope 42: Killing of McGee by Johnny Brughier, Louis Le
Gore, etc.; E.H. Allison
Envelope 43: Three men Terry sent to Crook; assisting wounded
of Reno to Far West, etc.; William Moran, 7th Infantry
Envelope 44: Bob Jackson and family by
Harvey A. Fox and
Not at Little Big Horn
Envelope 46: Notes from Bismarck Tribune and Indian Affairs
reports; Surrender of Hostiles
Envelope 47: Beecher Island, Little Big Horn, Dull Knife,
etc.; Bull Hump and White Bird, 1912
Envelope 48: Notes of
re: Major Price, Miles, Buffalo
Wallow, German girls, adobe walls, etc.; Washington trip,
Envelope 49: Misc. notes re: books, papers, etc. to check at
Envelope 50: Two references - two memos of Camp's thought on
Whites and Indians Envelope 60: General thought of Camp - Whites and
Envelope 62: Misc. notes re: Spotted Tail, Lieut. Kidder,
Mrs. Eubank, Two Strike, etc.;
Envelope 64: Crow war 1887;
Maj. Burkhardt, 1/16/13; Beecher Island;
Mrs. Eubank; capture of Sitting Bull;
Gen. Frank Baldwin, 1/20/13;
Eli Zigler, 1/25/13;
Col. Geo. S.
Surrender of Sitting Bull and his
death by De Loria, grave and monument
Envelope 67: Sitting Bull in Canada: notes from letter in
Regina Leader, 3-17-85; comment of court on surrender because
Envelope 68: Location of Old Red Cloud Agency, west of
Envelope 69: Deaths of Head Chief and Young Mule per William
9/26/13, Fetterman and Reynolds fights,
etc.; Crook's fight 3/17/76, site of Wolf Mountain
Curly interview, 9/30/13, per
Thomas LeForge, interpreter,
etc.; Notes Crow: Cut Ear, Hairy Moccasin; Lt. C.F. Smith, Fetterman
Envelope 71: 1918: Lt. Fetterman, Bozeman Trail, Killing of
Sioux messengers by Crows
& Mrs. Bettelyon,
Utah campaign 1857 & Ft. Bridges,
Gen. John W.
(Slim Butter), 11/19/15, Lt. Phil
Kearney veterans, J.G. Tritten,
Hayfield fight, Lt. C.F. Smith,
Envelope 75: Lamedeer fight,
Charles Reynolds, Fetterman and Wagon
Powder River fight, 3/17/76;
1/27/14, Crook's starvation;
Battle of the Rosebud, 6/17/76;
Andrew F. Burt,
Lt. C.F. Smith;
Gen. Fred C.
1/25/14, Gen. Howard, Bannock War
Envelope 77: Notes re: Little Big Horn from
Young Hawk and
who did not recall scout Baker;
1/15/13, re: Sitting Bull and
Ghost Dance, etc.
9/7/12, at Pease Bottom with Co. B,
6/25/76, saw Curly after Little Big Horn kill buffalo (includes
Envelope 80: at Little Eagle,
Goose, 7/26/11, Rev. Reed, etc., Sitting Bull's
Envelope 81: Cheyenne River Reservation, July 1912,
Little Crow, Lamedeer fight; misc. notes
re: Hump, Little Big Horn, Bears Paw and Big Foot's
notes on Reno fight and escape to
hill[?], names of men shot with or near Morris
1911, re: Muggins Taylor's
dispatch of Little Big Horn from Gibbs; Mitch Bowyer, Mrs. Sloan,
Col. R.E. Thompson
saw bodies at Little Big Horn; Col. C.W. Taylor at Wounded Knee
Envelope 86: Killing of Hugh Boyle and death of Head Chief
and Young Uncle Lamedeer, Sept.13, 1890; from inquest and St. Paul
Envelope 87: Washita--Fort Cobb--from reports and letters in
Missouri Repub. (St. Louis, Dec.-Jan. 68-69. Sheridan's Official
Reports in Indian Territory.
Envelope 88: Data from Roe and his report re: Custer Little
Big Horn monument; re: fight, 8/11/73.
Envelope 89: Wounded Knee: Data on monument and notes of
battlefield and fight from Indian side (1910).
Envelope 90: Interviews re: Wounded Knee with
Andrew Good Thunder,
No Flesh; Louis
Bordeaux re: Beecher Island, etc., very important; Rosebud
Reservation, Interviews, etc., Summer 1912.
Envelope 91: Notes re: Howard, Joseph, etc. from
J.G. Rowton, and
Barnitz re: Washita;
Col. E.J. McClernand after
Little Big Horn;
Envelope 115: Miscellaneous map data re: Little Big
Envelope 116: Notes of surveys for Little Big Horn map;
survey of trail.
Envelope 121: Notes re: locations of bodies of Sergeant
Butler and Corporal Foley at Little Big Horn.
Envelope 122: Notes re: Ford A as identified by
Envelope 127: Notes re: Nez Perce, Bridger, Shoshones, Ben
Clark. Names on picture of White Antelope, Shot in the Eye and Roman
Envelope 129: Notes re: Indians and whites, Preface, Little
Big Horn, Nez Perce, scouts, mules, and Dakota agencies,
Envelope 130: Notes re: Preface, whites and Indians, Little
Big Horn, Wounded Knee, Canyon Creek, Bears Paw, etc.
Envelope 131: Notes re: whites and Indians, preface, Little
Big Horn, Washita, Beecher Island, references Minnesota Historical
Envelope 132: Interviews with
daughter of Dull
Location of Fort Reno, Lamedeer, and
Dull Knife fights; 1918 trip: Nor Cheyenne Reservation, Bozeman
Trail, Little Wolf, Mrs. Flying
Envelope 133: Miscellaneous questions (unanswered) at many
places re: Nez Perce, etc.; books, articles, etc.
Envelope 134: Notes re: whites and Indians, Preface, Little
Big Horn, Nez Perce, etc.; Reference to Maguire's reports, etc.; Ben
Clark biography by Mooney.
Envelope 135: Notes, clippings, references, etc.; Notes from
Creighton, etc.; and
nothing important except references
Envelope 136: Notes re: Whites and Indians, Preface, Little
Big Horn, Fetterman, Crook, etc. fights. Death of Left
Field Notes. Unclassified - Miscellaneous I-IX
Appendix 1: Photographs
1. Camp, Walter Mason. n.d. "Photographed by [Rivkin?] in 1934
from photo by Gibson, Sykes & Fowler, McVickers Theater Bldg.,
Chicago, Ill..." 2 copies.
2. Summer trip among Indians, 1912: Grand River, Rosebud
Reservation, Arickarees, One Bull. Photographs taken by Walter Mason
a. Group scene of people seated on benches and chairs,
listening to an Indian speak
b. Six Indians, including a young boy, seated in a
c. Indian in traditional dress; wagons and tents in
d. Indian in traditional dress near doorway of log
f. Formal portrait of Indian in traditional dress
g. Formal portrait of seven male Indians in traditional
h. Group of Indians of various ages in traditional dress and
one white male (W.M. Camp?)
i. Group of Indians and white male clergyman in
j. Group of 16 people (white and Indian) posed in front of
teepee and U.S. flag (Negative only)
k. Four white males posed in front of teepee (Negative
l. Copy of photograph of Indian in traditional dress, by A.
Bogardus, 872 Broadway, cor. 18th St., N.Y.
3. DeSmet, Rev. Pierre Jean, S.J., Fort Berthold, North Dakota.
n.d. Calling card photograph by Nichols & Howard, Photographers, 60
North Fourth St., St. Louis, Mo.
4. Reynolds, Joseph Jones. n.d. Photograph from The Collection of
Americana of Frederick H. Meserve, New York
Appendix 2: Maps
1. Camp, W[alter] M[ason]. "Surveyed by W. M. Camp, September,
1908." Indicates Reno's Advance to Attack Village, and other details
including Ford A. Blueprint. 40.5x45cm. Notes in pencil with red
pencilled heading: "Interview with McDougall, 6/26/09"
2. [Camp, Walter Mason]. Surveyed by [W. M. Camp? Date?
(information torn off but matches above Survey)]. Indicates Reno's
Advance to Attack Village, and other details including Ford B.
Blueprint. 40.5x45cm. Notes in pencil with red pencilled heading:
"Interview with Rees, 8/24/09"
3. Maguire, Lt. Edward, Corp of Engineers. "Custer's Battlefield,
June 25, 1876." Drawn by Sergeant Charles Becker, Co. D, Battalion of
Engineers, under Maguire's supervision. Blackprint. 38x52cm.
4. Maguire, Lt. Edward. "Map of the Line of March of the Troops
serving in the Department of Dakota in the campaign against Hostile
Sioux, 1876." Drawn by James E. Wilson, Sergeant, U.S. Engineers, under
Maguire's supervision. Blueprint. 48x124cm. Two copies, one with notes
in red pencil.
5. Maguire, Lt. Edward. "Plan of the Battlefield on the Little
Big Horn Creek, Dakota Territory, June 25, 1876. to accompany his
preliminary Report to the Chief of Engineers, Dated July 2, 1876."
6. Maguire, Lt. Edward. "Plan of the Battlefield of the 7th Regt.
Cav. (June 25, 1876). Lt. Col. Custer, Maj. Reno, Capt. Benteen, 7th
Cav., Commanding." Blackprint. 33x44.2cm.
7. "Map of parts of Kansas, Indian Ter., Texas and New Mexico."
In 4 parts, each 35x47.5cm. Photostats. Pencilled note reads: This
four-sheet manuscript map is undoubtedly the one which accompanied Gen
Miles Report of Mar. 4 1875 on the Indian Ter. Expn of 1874. W[illiam]
C[arey] B[rown]." See: Hammer, page xi.
8. Mills, Capt. Anson, 3rd Cav. "Map of the Battle of Powder
River between Companies E, I, & K, 2nd E, F, & M, 3rd Cavalry,
under command of Col. J. J. Reynolds, 3rd Cavalry, and the hostile Band
of Ogallala Sioux under Crazy Horse, March 17, 1876. A true
transcription from the original by me submitted Apr 21, 76, Anson
Mills." Blueprint. 34x43cm.
9. Morton, Charles, 2d Lt., 3rd Cav. "Map of the Route of the Big
Horn Expedition Commanded by Brig. General Crook, March 1st to 26th,
1876." Stamped May 7, 1876, a true tracing, W. S. Stanton, Capt. of
Engineers. Blueprint. 44.5x87cm.
10. Morton, Charles. "Sketch of Crazy Horse's village and
vicinity." Stamped May 7, 1876, a true tracing, W. S. Stanton, Capt. of
Engineers. Blueprint. 33.3x36cm. Notes in pencil
11. Red Cloud Agency. Map of Red Cloud Agency in Dawes County,
T31N-R52W. 1913. Oilskin. 33x66.5cm. In pencil. Accompanied by notes
entitled: Levels from River to the Monument. 2 pages. 10.5x13.5cm. In
12. Oilskin map of an unidentified area. 29x37.5 cm. In pencil
13. U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. Big Horn National Forest,
Wyoming, 1917. 52x51cm. Printed.
14. U. S. Dept. of Interior. Crow Indian Reservation, Montana,
1910. 78x105cm. Printed.
15. U. S. Geological Survey. Topographic map. Montana (Rosebud
County), Rosebud Quadrangle. Surveyed 1891-92. 52x39.5cm. Printed. Notes
in blue and black pencil
16. [U. S. Geological Survey. Topographic map.] [Montana], St.
Xavier Quadrangle, and [Wyoming], Bald Mountain Quadrangle. Cut out and
pasted together. 40x32cm. Printed. Notes in pencil
17. U. S. Geological Survey. Topographic map. Wyoming-Montana,
Sheridan Quadrangle. Surveyed in 1898 and 1909. 50.4x42cm. Printed.
Notes in pencil