Search within this document:
Want to learn more?
- Do you have a question about this collection?
- Would you like to view the original items in this collection?
- Are you seeking permission to publish or reproduce items in this collection?
Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
1200 E. Seventh St.
Bloomington, IN 47405-5500
Butler, Amos W. 1860-1937.
Materials are in English.
The Butler mss., 1835-1937, includes papers, 1877-1937, of Amos William Butler, 1860-1937, zoologist, anthropologist, and sociologist, and a few papers, 1835-1871, of his father, William Wallace Butler, 1810-1903, merchant and farmer.
This collection is open for research.
Career of William Wallace Butler: born, Brookville, Indiana, March 11, 1810, the son of Amos Butler, 1770-1837, and Mary (Wallace) Butler, 1786-1852; moved with parents to Hanover, Indiana, attended Hanover College; returned to Brookville, 1832; started a general mercantile business, 1835; disposed of goods and devoted himself to superintending his farms and other business, 1842; married three times; son, Amos William Butler, child of third marriage; died November 21, 1903.
Career of Amos William Butler: born, Brookville, Indiana, October 1, 1860, the son of William Wallace Butler and Hannah (Wright) Butler; educated in Brookville schools, including a year or more at Brookville College; attended Hanover College; spent winter, 1879-1880, in Mexico, nominally attached to U.S. legation at Mexico City but actually engaged in field work in zoology and archaeology; before completing education spent several years in insurance business in Brookville, Indiana; married Mary I. Reynolds of Brookville, June 2, 1880; a founder of the Brookville Society of Natural History, 1881; a founder of the Indiana Academy of Science, 1885; A.B., Indiana University, 1894; president, Indiana Academy of Science, 1895; ornithologist, Department of Geology and Resources of Indiana, 1896-1897; secretary, Indiana Board of State Charities, 1898-1923; a founder of Indiana Audubon Society, 1898; president of Indiana State Truancy Board, 1898-1912, secretary, 1913-1921; A.M., Indiana University, 1900; a founder of American Anthropological Association, 1902; lecturer on economics, Purdue University, 1905; later lectured on public charities at Purdue, Indiana University, the University of Chicago, the Lane Theological Seminary, and the Chicago School of Philanthropy; president of National Conference of Charities and Corrections, 1906-1907; member of White House children's conference, 1909; president of American Prison Association, 1909-1910; chairman of American Committee on the International Prison Congress, Washington, D.C., 1910; LLD, Hanover College, 1915; Ph.D., Butler University, 1915; president of Indiana Conference of Charities and Corrections, 1915; secretary of Indiana Commission on Mental Defectives, 1915; delegate to 2nd Pan American Scientific Congress, Washington, D.C., 1915-1916; a founder of the Society of Indiana Pioneers, 1916; chairman of executive committee of Indiana Society for Mental Hygiene, 1918-1925; a founder of the American Mammalogists, 1919; LLD, Indiana University, 1922; delegate from the U.S. to the International Prison Congress, London, 1925; president of Indiana Society for Mental Hygiene, 1925-1930; senior sociologist, U.S. Bureau of Efficiency to advise the Congressional committee on Federal Penal and Reformatory Institutions, 1928-1929; member of Advisory Committee to President Hoover's National Committee on Law Observance and Enforcement, 1929-1931; secretary of Indiana Committee on Observance and Enforcement of Law, 1929-1931; a founder of the International Commission on Mental Hygiene, and a member of the 1st International Congress on Mental Hygiene, Washington, D.C., 1930; delegate from the U.S. to the International Prison Congress, Prague, 1930; member of the executive board of the American Institute of Criminal Law and Criminology, 1935; member American Ornithologists' Union; and fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Biographical data from Marcus Ward Lyon, Jr., "Amos William Butler," Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science, XLVII: 21-25, 1937; B.W. Evermann, "Amos William Butler," Audubon Year Book of the Indiana Audubon Society, 1932, pp. 5-19.
Lists of Butler's numerous writings appear in the Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science , XLVII: 25-30, 1937, and in the Audubon Year Book of the Indiana Audubon Society, 1932, pp. 5-19.
The papers of William Wallace Butler in the collection consist of the indentures, tax receipts, a "subscription for the erection of a Presbyterian church in the town of Brookville, Indiana," March 29, 1848; Franklin County, Indiana Bible Society, "Report of a committee appointed to examine the accounts of the society," April 1852; and notes for a "History of Presbyterianism in and about Brookville, Indiana" by Ludlow D. Potter, 1852.
The papers of Amos William Butler from 1877-1888 deal almost entirely with zoological subjects, particularly birds. The later years of the collection also contain material on these subjects, but from 1889 on the bulk of the papers relate to charities and corrections, including material on prisons, reformatories, parole, probation, insanity, feeble-mindedness, mental hygiene, orphanages, child welfare, the blind, etc.; the work of the Indiana Board of state charities; notes on Indiana and other U.S. institutions of charities and corrections; meetings of the International Prison Congress, American Prison Association, the National Conference of Charities and Corrections, and the National Commission on Law Observance and Enforcement, and the Indiana Society for Mental Hygiene, the Indiana State Conference of Charities and Corrections, and the Indiana Committee on Observance and Enforcement of Law. The collection also contains papers on: the early history of Brookville, Indiana; Hanover College; and various other societies of which Butler was a member, among them being the Brookville Society of Natural History; the Indiana Academy of Science, 1886-1936; the Indiana Audubon Society, 1907-1930; the Society of Indiana Pioneers; and the World Peace Foundation.
Photographs include pictures of Amos William Butler and members of his family, Florida, particularly New Smyrna and vicinity, and Aztec remains in Mexico. There are also clippings, 1885-1937; printed materials on charities and corrections and related subjects, scientific societies, the Irvington Presbyterian church of Indianapolis, Indiana, and universities; and four scrapbooks, 1907-1908, 1910, and 1923-1927, containing pictures, programs, clippings, pamphlets, and maps.
Photocopying permitted only with permission of the Curator of Manuscripts, Lilly Library.
Consult the Manuscripts Index in the Library for dates of letters of individual correspondents.