Archives Photograph Collection

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Football vs. Minnesota

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Indiana lost 20-6 before a crowd of 10,000.

This Washington Park (the first was located at 3001 East Washington Street) was located where the Indianapolis Zoo and part of its parking lot are located today (2015). This view is from the south/southwest looking north and shows the north side grand stands (and bleachers at right). The north side grand stands were located approximateley where the 4-D Theater and Budgie buildings are located at the zoo. The outside edge of the north side of the stadium ran directly along Washington Street (Washington Street at that time crossed the river where the pedestrian bridge is located which connects the zoo to White River State Park. Washington Street then ran straight across today's zoo area to a point where it begins to turn south where White River Parkway Drive dead ends at today's Washington Street). The west side grand stand and bleachers (not seen here) were located approximately 375 feet east of the old Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway round house (approximately from a point just a few feet west of the Tots Treehouse and the western end of the Eugene S. and Jane B. Pulliam Center at the Indianapolis Zoo. This would place right field where most of the Pulliam Center is located, center field just north of the Pulliam Center, and left field where the Lorikeets are located).

The smokestacks and tips of buildings in the background are part of the old Indianapolis Traction and Terminal Company's power house which was located on the north side of where Washington Street ran at that time.

Washington Park was the location of the Indianapolis American Association Base Ball Club. An historical marker located at the site today reads (side one) "Here, May 2, 1920, in the first game of the new Negro National League, the Indianapolis A.B.C.s defeated the Chicago Giants. Indianapolis native Oscar Charleston began his career with the A.B.C.s in 1915. Segregation in professional baseball (1887-1947) kept him from playing in the major leagues; he was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1976." (side two) "Baseball became popular in Indianapolis after the Civil War. In 1902, W. H. Watkins organized the Indianapolis Indians in the new professional American Association league. The Indians dedicated Washington Park on April 19, 1905 and won 3 league pennants here. The city’s first night game was played here in 1931, and the park closed at the end of that season."

NOTE: See Sanborn Fire Insurance maps for Indianapolis (sheets 654 and 655 for the year 1915). Map 655 shows the relationship to the north side grand stands to Washington Street, Brush Street, and the Indianapolis Traction and Terminal Company's power house. Map 654 shows the layout of Washington Park its grandstands and it proximity to the round house noted above.

NOTE: See also Indianapolis Historical Society image P0130_N_8x10_219719_F which was shot by the W. H. Bass Photo Company on February 24, 1931. See also in their collections image PAN_P0431_NN_14x55_PAN0430 shot by Charles F. Bretzman on September 30, 1917 which is an image shot from almost the same angle as the image seen here, but also shows the west side grand stands.

date taken:

1919 October 18

photographer studio:

Stephenson, Henry Thew

donor image number:


accession number:


personal name:

Charleston, Oscar

corporate name:

Indianapolis Traction & Terminal Company

corporate name:

Indianapolis American Association Baseball Club

corporate name:

Negro National League

corporate name:

Indianapolis A.B.C.s

corporate name:

Chicago Giants

corporate name:

National Baseball Hall of Fame

corporate name:

Indianapolis Indians

event name:









Action (during game)









other place name:

Washington Park (1905)

other place name:

Washington Baseball Park (1905)

other place name:

Washington Street (1235 West)